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Tập bản đồ Địa lý lớp 6 bài 5: Kí hiệu bản đồ - Cách biểu hiện địa hình trên bản đồ

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GD-ĐT THAI BINHỞTR NG THPT NGUY TRAIƯỜ THI OLYMPIC NĂM 2017 2018Ề OMÔN: TI NG ANH ẾTh gian làm bài: 90 phút (không th gian giao ềSECTION A: pointsRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correctanswer to each of the questions from pilot cannot fly by sight alone. In many conditions, such as flying at night and landing in densefog, pilot must use radar, an alternative way of navigating. Since human eyes are not very good atdetermining speeds of approaching objects, radar can show pilot how fast nearby planes are moving. Thebasic principle of radar is exemplified by what happens when one shouts in cave. The echo of the soundsagainst the walls helps person determine the size of the cave. With radar, however, the waves are radiowaves instead of sound waves. Radio waves travel at the speed of light, about 300,000 kilometres in onesecond. radar set sends out short burst of radio waves. Then it receives the echoes produced when thewaves bounce off objects. By determining the tune it takes for the echoes to return to the radar set, trainedtechnician can determine the distance between the radar set and other objects. The word “radar” in fact getsits name from the term ra dio etection nd anging”. Ranging is the term for detection of the distancebetween an object and the radar set. Besides being of critical importance to pilots radar is essential for airtraffic control tracking ships at sea, and for tracking weather systems and storms. Question 1: What is the mam topic of this passage?A. Alternatives to radar B. The nature of radar C. History of radar D. Types of rangingQuestion 2: According to the passage, what can radar detect besides location of objects?A. shape B. size C. speed D. weightQuestion 3: The word exemplified " in the passage can be replaced by ______.A. “illustrated’ B. “specified” C. “resembled” D. “justified”Question 4: The word " shouts in the passage most closely means ______.A. “shoots” B. ‘"whispers” C. “exclaims” D". “yells”Question 5: Which of the following words best describes the tone of this passage?A. humorous B. argumentative C. explanatory D. imaginativeQuestion 6: According to the passage, the distance between radar set and an object can be determinedby______.A. the term “ranging" used for detection of the distance between an object and the radar set B. the time it takes for the radio waves to produce echoes and bounce off the objectC. the tune it takes for burst of radio waves to produce echoes when the waves bounce off the objectD. the time it takes for the echoes produced by the radio waves to return to the radar set Question 7: Which type of waves does radar use?A. radio B. sound C. tidal D. heatQuestion 8: The word tracking in the passage most closely means______.A. sending B. ranging C. repairing D. searching forQuestion 9: Which of the following would most likely be the topic of the next paragraph?A. history of flying. B. Other uses of radar .C. The technology used by pilots. D. Uses of some technology.Question 10 What might be inferred about radar?A. It was developed from study of sound waves. C. It gave birth to the invention of the airplane.B. It takes the place of radio. D. It has improved navigational safety.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.Question 11: The rate of snow accumulation in the formation area are critical to the pace of glacialmovement.A. to the B. movement C. are D. accumulationQuestion 12: More murders are reported in December in the United States than for any other month.A. are reported B. for C. More D. theQuestion 13: Although Emily Dickinson publishes only three of her verses before she died, today there aremore than one thousand of her poems printed in many important collections.A. publishes B. there are C. in D. thousand ofQuestion 14: Humans who lived thousands years ago long before alphabets were devised, they usedpictures to record events and to communicate ideas.A. ago B. who C. they D. to communicateQuestion 15: More companies returned to the task of development new kinds of antibiotics, and as thisbook is being prepared, number are undergoing clinical trials.A. development B. C. to D. kinds ofMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to theunderlined word(s) in each of the following questionsQuestion 16: The girl’s distant and haughty behavior made people forget just how talented she was. A. kind B. genuine C. arrogant D. elegantQuestion 17: Paul always gets nervous whenever he has to give presentation.A. anxious B. fearful C. impressed D. supportiveQuestion 18: Many families struggle to make ends meet in this difficult situation .A. earn just enough money to be able to buy the things you needB. earn more money to be able to buy the things you needC. ask others for some moneyD. give money to othersMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part ispronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questionsQuestion 19: A. bl nket B. ny C. tter D. npageQuestion 20: A. cr ea te B. cr ea ture C. cr ea tive D. cr ea tionMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of thefollowing questions.Question 21: Some students don’t know how to do the exercise ______ by the teacher yesterday.A. is giving B. who given C. which given D. givenQuestion 22: Finally we found flat which is rather small but it ______ our needs perfectly.A. supplies B. settles C. meets D. fillsQuestion 23: All of us should be aware of that internet is very useful for us but it also has lots of disadvantages so while ______the web be alert! A. surf B. surfed C. surfing D. to surfQuestion 24: The teacher made up difficult question, but at last, Tom came ______ good answer.A. up for B. up with C. up to D. up againstQuestion 25: ______ disabled children cannot enjoy toys designed for nondisabled youngsters is the subjectof the report.A. Those B. Because C. What D. ThatQuestion 26: You should have ______ your research paper again before you handed it in.A. gone over B. gone down with C. gone under D. gone withQuestion 27: It is 6.50 am. The guard ______ the school gate in 10 minutes as usual.A. has closed B. closes C. will close D. will be closingQuestion 28: ______ your help, wouldn’t have passed all the difficulties.A. According to B. In stead of C. Because of D. But forQuestion 29: must say that you are the only friend ______ all my secrets.A. shared B. to share C. sharing D. to be sharedQuestion 30: When we arrived at the meeting place, the others ______.A. left B. are leaving C. have left D. had leftQuestion 31: She didn’t come to our wedding, she just made phone call and said she wished ______.A. our wedding would be happy B. happy weddingC. us happy wedding D. our wedding were happyQuestion 32: He is packing his luggage. It seems as if he ______ on business.A. would go B. went C. is going D. had goneQuestion 33: Don’t be late for the class often, ______ people will think you are disobedient student.A. otherwise B. or so C. unless D. if notQuestion 34: More than one student in my class ______ from Ha Noi.A. comes B. have come C. would have come D. would comeQuestion 35: ______ harder he would have passed the exam.A. Had Mark studied B. If Mark had not studied C. were Mark studied D. If Mark studied Question 36: By the time you get back this evening, ______ all my homework and then can help youwith yours.A. will be finished B. have finishedC. will have finished D. will finishMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete eachof the following exchanges.Question 37: Alice and Carol are at school yard.Alice “What shall we do this weekend?” Carol “______.”A. went out for dinner B. Oh, that’s goodC. No problem D. Let’s go out for dinnerQuestion 38: Tom is at the fashion shop.Tom “I like the blue jacket, please! Can try it on?”Salesgirl “Yes, ______.”A. you must B. you do C. certainly D. you wouldQuestion 39: Tony and Mary are at the party.Tony “It’s time for me to leave. Goodbye” Mary “______.”A. Nice to meet you B. So longC. All right D. No problemRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correctanswer to each of the questions from One of the major problems in the art world is how to distinguish and promote an artist. In effect, marketmust be created for an artist to become successful. The practice of signing and numbering individual printswas introduced by James Abbott McNeill Whistler, the nineteenth-century artist best known for the paintingof his mother, called “Arrangement in Grey and Black,” but known to most of us as “Whistler’s Mother.”Whistler’s brother-in-law, Sir Francis Seymour Haden, less well-known artist, had speculated thatcollectors might find prints more attractive if they knew that there were only limited number of copiesproduced. By signing the work in pencil, an artist could guarantee and personalize each print.As soon as Whistler and Haden began the practice of signing and numbering their prints, their workbegan to increase in value. When other artists noticed that the signed prints commanded higher prices, theybegan copying the procedure.Although most prints are signed on the right-hand side in the margin below the image, the placement ofthe signature is matter of personal choice. Indeed, prints have been signed within the image, in any of themargins, or even on the reverse side of the print. Whenever the artist elects to sign it signed print is stillvalued above an unsigned one, even in the same edition.Question 40: Which of the following would be better title for the passage?A. Whistler’s Mother B. Copying Limited Edition PrintsC. The Practice of Signing Prints D. Whistler’s Greatest WorksQuestion 41: What made Whistler’s work more valuable?A. His brother-in-law’s prints B. His signature on the printsC. His painting of his mother D. His fame as an artistQuestion 42: The word speculated could be best replaced by______.A. denied B. guessed C. noticed D. announcedQuestion 43: The word distinguish is closest in meaning to ______.A. making improvement B. accept changesC. recognize differences D. allow exceptionsQuestion 44: The word it refers to______.A. the image B. the reverse side C. the same edition D. printQuestion 45: Where in the passage does the author indicate where an artist’s signature might be found on awork?A. Paragraph B. Paragraph C. Paragraph D. all paragraphsQuestion 46: What does the author mean by the statement: “As soon as Whistler and Haden began thepractice of signing and numbering their prints, their work began to increase in value.”?A. The prints that were signed and numbered were worth more.B. The signatures became more valuable than the prints.C. The signing and numbering of prints was not very popular.D. Many copies of the prints were made.Question 47: What was true about the painting of Whistler’s mother?A. It was completely new method of painting.B. It was not one of Whistler’s best paintings.C. It was painted by Sir Francis Seymour Haden.D. Its title was “Arrangement in Grey and Black.”Question 48: The author mentions all of the following as reasons why collector prefers signed printEXCEPT ______.A. it guarantees the print’s authenticity B. it encourages higher prices for the printC. it makes the print more personal D. it limits the number of copies of the printQuestion 49: It can be inferred from the passage that artists number their prints _____.A. at the same place on each of the prints B. when the buyer requests itC. as an accounting procedure D. to guarantee limited editionMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest inthe position of the main stress in each of the following questions.Question 50: A. pretty B. marine C. solemn D. eagerQuestion 51: A. entertainment B. calculation C. photographic D. biographyQuestion 52: A. necessarily B. literature C. television D. secretaryRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate thecorrect word.One of the most urgent environmental problems in the world today is the shortage of clean water.Having clean drinking water is basic human right. But acid rain, (53) ______ pollution and garbage havemade many sources of water undrinkable. Lakes, reservoirs and even entire seas have become vast pools(54) ______ poison. Lake Baikal in Russia is one of the largest lakes in the world. It (55) ______ richvariety of animals and plants, including 1,300 rare species that do not exist (56) ______ else in the world.But they are being destroyed by the massive volumes of toxic effluent which (57) ______ into the lake everyday. Even where law existed, the government did not have the power to enforce them.Most industries simply ignore the regulations. The Mediterranean Sea (58) ______1% of the world'swater surface. But it is the dumping (59) ______for 50% of all marine pollution. Almost 16 countriesregularly throw industrial wastes few miles (60) ______shore.Water is free to everyone. few years ago, people thought that the supply of clean water in the worldwas limitless. Today, many water supplies have been (61) ______ by pollution and sewage. Clean water isnow scarce, and we are at last beginning to respect this precious (62) ______.We should do something now.( Source: v14ilovetranslation.com )Question 53 A. industrious B. industry C. industrial D. industrializedQuestion 54 A. on B. in C. of D. toQuestion 55 A. composes B. contains C. encloses D. consistsQuestion 56 A. where B. somewhere C. everywhere D. anywhereQuestion 57 A. stay B. pour C. boil D. burnQuestion 58 A. makes B. occupies C. comprises D. holdsQuestion 59 A. shore B. land C. ground D. soilQuestion 60 A. away B. of C. on D. offQuestion 61 A. ruined B. kept C. made D. conservedQuestion 62 :A. well B. outlet C. nature D. sourceMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE inmeaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.Question 63: The dim lights made it hard to see, so Ben squinted to make out the stranger's face in thedistance.A. faint B. weak C. strong D. mutedQuestion 64: Henry hoped that his sons would some day take over his retail business and maintain the highlevel of customer service and satisfaction that Henry valued so much.A. continue B. eliminate C. uphold D. connectSECTION (2 points)Part I. Rewrite each of the following sentences in such way that the original meaning is exactly thesame as the provided one.Question think you should tell the police about the accident.If ------------------------------------------------------------------Question 2. “You should have done your homework at home,” the teacher said to Ann. The teacher repoached ------------------------------------------------------------------Question 3. We started decorating the party two hours ago. We have ------------------------------------------------------------------Question 4. They were so excited that they couldn’t sit still.Such ------------------------------------------------------------------Question 5. The house seemed to have been unoccupied for several years. It looked as if ------------------------------------------------------------------Part II. Paragraph writing: In about 120 words, write paragraph about the trip that impressed youmost._______________ THE END _______________SECTION (2 points)Part I. Rewrite each of the following sentences in such way that the original meaning is exactly thesame as the provided one.Question think you should tell the police about the accident.If were you, would tell the police about the accident .Question 2. “You should have done your homework at home,” the teacher said to Ann. The teacher repoached Ann for not doing/ having done her homework at home.Question 3. We started decorating the party hours ago. We have been decorating the party for hours .Question 4. They were so excited that they couldn’t sit still.Such was their excitement that they couldn’t sit stillQuestion 5. The house seemed to have been unoccupied for several years. It looked as if the house had been unoccupied for several years