Bên trên chỉ là 1 phần trích dẫn trong tài liệu để xem hết tài liệu vui lòng tải về máy. unit 4 english 11
unit 4 english 11
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UNIT 4I. Gerund and perfect gerund. Gerund: V+INGGerund danh ®éng tõ) lµ mét danh tõ cã d¹ng V+ING, dïng trong nh÷ng tr êng hîp sau:1. Lµm chñ ng÷ trong c©u2. Lµm bæ ng÷ trong c©u3. Trong c¸c danh tõ ghÐp 4. Sau giíi tõ5. Sau ®éng tõ6. Sau mét sè cÊu tróc1 Perfect gerund: HAVING P.PPerfect gerund (d¹ng thøc hoµn thµnh cña danh ®éng tõ) îc dïng thay cho d¹ng hiÖn t¹i cña danh ®éng tõ khi chóng ta ®Ò cËp tíi hµnh ®éng trong qu¸ khø. The boy was accused of having stolen stealing her money. She apologized for having broken breaking my vase.He denied having met meeting her on that day.II. Present Participle and perfect participle Present participle: INGPresent Participle (Ph©n tõ hiÖn t¹i) lµ mét ®éng tõ cã d¹ng ING îc dïng sau c¸c ®éng tõ catch, caught them stealing my apples. He found tree lying across the road.I left her talking to my mother. Ph©n tõ hiÖn t¹i îc dïng thay thÕ mét mÖnh ®Ò quan hÖ. The train which is arriving at the station is one hour late. The train arriving at...
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UNIT 4I. Gerund and perfect gerund. Gerund: V+INGGerund danh ®éng tõ) lµ mét danh tõ cã d¹ng V+ING, dïng trong nh÷ng tr êng hîp sau:1. Lµm chñ ng÷ trong c©u2. Lµm bæ ng÷ trong c©u3. Trong c¸c danh tõ ghÐp 4. Sau giíi tõ5. Sau ®éng tõ6. Sau mét sè cÊu tróc1 Perfect gerund: HAVING P.PPerfect gerund (d¹ng thøc hoµn thµnh cña danh ®éng tõ) îc dïng thay cho d¹ng hiÖn t¹i cña danh ®éng tõ khi chóng ta ®Ò cËp tíi hµnh ®éng trong qu¸ khø. The boy was accused of having stolen stealing her money. She apologized for having broken breaking my vase.He denied having met meeting her on that day.II. Present Participle and perfect participle Present participle: INGPresent Participle (Ph©n tõ hiÖn t¹i) lµ mét ®éng tõ cã d¹ng ING îc dïng sau c¸c ®éng tõ catch, caught them stealing my apples. He found tree lying across the road.I left her talking to my mother. Ph©n tõ hiÖn t¹i îc dïng thay thÕ mét mÖnh ®Ò quan hÖ. The train which is arriving at the station is one hour late. The train arriving at the station is one hour late. We have friend who comes from Italy . We have friend coming from Italy. Ph©n tõ hiÖn t¹i îc dïng ®Ó thay thÕ mét mÖnh ®Ò chØ lÝ do, nguyªn nh©n.Because he felt hungry he stopped his car at restaurant. Feeling hungry, he stopped his car at restaurant. Ph©n tõ hiÖn t¹i îc dïng ®Ó miªu t¶ hai hµnh ®éng x¶y ra cïng mét thêi ®iÓm do cïng mét chñ ng÷. We sat in front of T.V. We watched football together. We sat in front of T.V, watching football together Ph©n tõ hiÖn t¹i îc dïng ®Ó miªu t¶ hai hµnh ®éng x¶y ra nèi tiÕp nhau do cïng mét chñ ng÷.She closed all the windows and the door carefully, then she went to bed. Closing all the windows and the door carefully, she went to bed. Perfect participle: HAVING P.PPerfect gerund (ph©n tõ hoµn thµnh) îc dïng ®Ó nhÊn m¹nh hµnh ®éng ®· x¶y ra hoµn tÊt tr íc mét hµnh ®éng kh¸c x¶y ra trong qu¸ khø.After had finished all my exercises, went to bed. Having finished all my exercises, went to bed. Before we left the room, we had turned off the lights. Having turned of the lights, we left the room. I.Choose the word whose ending ‘-s/es’ or ‘-ed’ is pronounced differently from the others’1. A. talked B. naked C. asked D. liked2. A. worked B. stopped C. forced D. wanted3. A. lays B. says C. stays D. plays4. A. waited B. mended C. naked D. faced5. A. promises B. devises C. surprises D. realises6. A. houses B. faces C. horses D. places7. A. naked B. sacred C. needed D. walked8. A. asks B. breathes C. breaths D. hopes9. A. kissed B. helped C. forced D. raised10. A. sees B. sports C. pools D. trains11. A. naked B. beloved C. helped D. wicked12. A. ticked B. checked C. booked D. sacred13. A. tombs B. lamps C. brakes D. invites14. A. books B. floors C. combs D. drums15. A. investigates B. provides C. clothes D. paths16. A. confused B. faced C. cried D. defined17. A. trays B. says C. bays D. days18. A. kissed B. pleased C. increased D. ceased19. A. devoted B. suggested C. provided D. wished20. A. closes B. loses C. loves D. choosesII Choose the best answer among A,B,C or D1. He always …………… for walk in the evening.A. go B. is going C. goes D. going2. Her brother …………… in Canada at present.A. working B. works C. is working D. work3. He has been selling motorcycles……………A. ten years ago B. since ten years C. for ten years ago D. for ten years4. Columbus…….America more then 400 years ago.A. discovered B. has discovered C. had discovered D. he has gone5. He fell down when he ……towards the church.A. run B. runs C. was running D. had run6. They …….pingpong when their father comes back home.A. will play B. will be playing C. play D. would play7. By Christmas, I……..for you for months. A. Shall have been working B. shall work C. have been working D. shall be working8. I…….in the room now.A. am being B. was being C. have been being D. am9. I……..to New york three times this year.A. have been B. was C. were D. had been10. will come and see you before I……..for America. A. leave B. will leave C. have left D. shall leave11. The little girl asked what…..to her friend.A. has happened B. happened C. had happened D. would have been happened12. John ……a book when saw him.A. is reading B. read C. was reading D. reading13. My sister…….for you since yesterday.A. is looking B. was looking C. has been looking D. looked14. When last saw him, he…….in London.A. has lived B. is living C. was living D. has been living15. After I………lunch, looked for my bag.A. had B. had had C. have has D. have had16. By the end of next year, Geoge………English for years.A. will have learned B. will learn C. has learned D. would learn17. The man got out the car,………round to the back and opened the boot.A. walking B. walked C. walks D. walk18. For several years his ambition………to be pilot.A. is B. has been C. was D. had been19. He will take the dog out for walk as soon as he …….dinner.A. finish B. finishes C. will finish D. shall have finished20. Before you asked, the letter……….A. was written B. had been written C. had written D. has been written21. Ask her to come and see me when she ………her work.A. finish B. has finished C. finished D. finishing22. Almost everyone……for home by the time we arrived.A. leave B. left C. eaves D. had left23. While her husband was in the army, Janet ……. to him twice week.A. was writing B. wrote C. was written D. had written24. have never played badminton before.This is the first time I……..to play.A. try B. tried C. have tried D. am trying25. Since……,I have heard nothing from him.A. he had left B. he left C. he has left D. he was left26. don’t understand this sentence.What…………………….?A. does mean this word B. have this word meanC. means this word D. does this word mean27. John……..tennis once or twice week.A. usually play B. is usually playing C. usually plays D. have usually played28. …….for Christine. Do you know where she is?A. look B. looked C. am looking D. looks29. At o’clock yesterday evening, I………my clothes.A. am ironing B. have ironed C. ironed D. was ironing30. I……..along the street when suddenly heard footsteps behind me.A. was walking B. am walking C. walk D. walked31. She ……..German for two years.A. has learnt B. is learning C. learn D. learns32. The earth……… round the sun.A. go B. has gone C. went D. goes33. Look! That man………..to open the door of your car.A. try B. tried C. is trying D. has tried34. I……..here at the end of the month.A. will leave B. would leave C. would have left D. is leaving35. The children are still ill but they _____ better gradually.A. get B. getting C. are get D. are getting36. …………… my report when you entered the hall.A. made B. have been makin C. was making D. have made37. They …………… the newwords yesterday from three to seven.A. learnt B. have been learning C. have learnt D. were learning38. She …………… this exercise yesterday at o’clock.A. wrote B. has written C. has been writing D. was writing39. My mother often …………… morning excercises.A. do B. does C. doing D. has done40. At last the bus came.We ………..for half an hour.A. waited B. was waiting C. have waited D. had been waitingIII.Complete the sentences with ING or HAVING P.P1. My boss spends two hours day (travel) ……………......to work2. She admitted (kill) ………………..her husband.3. In spite of (miss) ...................... the train, we arrived on time.4. I’m tired of (work) ........................... eight hours day.5. You can’t prevent him from (drink) ……………………. alcohol.6. (Win) ...................................... twice don’t want to try again. Let’s give chances to other.7. (Swim) ……………………… everyday is good way of keeping fit.8. caught him (climb) ………………………..over my wall.9. The police accused him of set) …………………..fire to the building but he denied be) …………………… in the area on the night of the fire.10. enjoy (play)………………….... tennis with my friends.IV.Choose the correct answer.1. ______ for twelve hours, felt marvelous.a. Having slept b. have slept c. Having been slept d. have been slept2. By the time their baby arrives, the Johnson hope ______ painting and decorating the new nursery.a. having finished b. to have finishedc. having been finished d. to have been finished3. She's angry about ______ to the farewell party last night.a. not having invited b. not to have invited c. not having been invited d. not to have been invited4. We decided not to travel, ______ the terrible weather forecast.a. having heard b. to have heard c. having been heard d. to have been heard5. I'd love ______ to the party, but it was impossible.a. having gone b. to have gone b. having been gone d. to have been gone6. don't recall ______ him at the conference.a. having seen b. to have seen c. having been seen d. to have been seen7. ______ in dark colors, the room needed some bright lights.a. Having painted b. To have painted c. Having been painted d. To have been painted8. The stockbroker denied ______ of the secret business deal.a. having informed b. to have informed c. having been informed d. to have been informed9. They now regret ______ their son by providing too many material possessions.a. having spoiled b. to have spoiled c. having been spoiled d. to have been spoiled10. ______ to the party, we could hardly refuse to go. a. Having invited b. To have invited c. Having been invited d. To have been invited11. Tom made bad mistake at work, but his boss didn't fire him. He's lucky ______ second chance.a. having given b. to have given c. having been given d. to have been given12. Are you sure you told me? don't recall ______ about it.a. having told b. to have told c. having been told d. to have been toldV.Supply the correct form of the verbs in brackets.1. They left the restaurant, _______________ (spend) two hours over lunch.2. (See) _______________ photograph of the place, had no desire to go there.3. (Switch) ______________ of the light, we went to bed.4. The boy was accused of (steal) ____________ her money.
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