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Ôn thi THPT Quốc gia năm 2019 môn Tiếng Anh số 13

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ÔN THI THPT NĂM HỌC 2019 MÔN TIẾNG ANH
CÓ ĐÁP ÁN
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs
from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 1:A. redundancy B. mendicancy

C. pregnancy

D. ascendancy

Question 2:A. document

C. divergent

D. efferent

B. dissident

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE
in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 3: The law holds parents liable if a child does not attend school.
A. parental

B. unhappy

C. dutiful

D. irresponsible

Question 4: My father always kept us on a tight rein.
A. gave less money

B. let loose

C. set free

D. helped to ride

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best
completes each of the following exchanges.
Question 5: ~ Nuanda: "................." ~ Otrecus: "Angus? Oh. He's come back again."
A. Has Angus been here? I've been looking for him all day.
B. People say Angus has divorced his third wife.
C. Yes, certainly. Angus'll be here in a moment.
D. Someone called you last night. His name was Angus.
Question 6: ~ Lisa: "How are things with Ann?" ~ Clare: "................"
A. Not so good. They had a heatwave all week.
B. Yes, certainly. She'll be here in a moment.
C. Of course. We're going to have a lovely autumn.
D. Fine. She's just come back from Vietnam.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in
meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 7: Sheila rings her boy friend every day; she must be running up a huge phone
bill.
A. saving up

B. owing to

C. being a debtor

D. having to pay

Question 8: Before the crisis, most people had plenty of crash to spend, but now they have
had to tighten their belt.
A. spend less money B. to keep fit

C. to deposit money

D. to lose weight

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to
indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
THE JOY OF WORDS
Cressida Cowell is the author of the widely-praised How To Train Your Dragon series of
children’s books. She spent her own childhood holidays on a remote island, where she was
left very much to her own ...(9).... As a result, she became an avid reader, entertaining herself
with books and developing a fervent imagination. She even ...(10)... up her own secret
languages.
Cowell believes that today’s children still have a real ear for language, even though their
attention span may not be as great as in her day, making them less tolerant of long
descriptive passages in stories. Her books are outlandish and exciting, with vivid imagery,
cliffhangers and eye-catching illustrations. Dragons seem to ...(11)... to children of all
nationalities, who also seem to ...(12)... with her protagonist, Hiccup, quite easily. Hiccup’s a
boy who battles his way through life’s problems, often against the ...(13)....
Cowell is currently planning an illustrated book for teenagers. In her own words, she
enjoys breaking the ...(14)... and finds that kids are open-minded enough to accept this.
[From EXPERT PROFICIENCY, Student's Book, Oxford, 2015]
Question 9:A. pastimes

C. entertainments

D. devices

Question 10:A. invented B. imagined

C. dreamt

D. created

Question 11:A. attract

C. entice

D. engage

C. warm

D. identify

Question 13:A. downsides B. odds

C. hardships

D. worries

Question 14:A. barrier

C. boundary

D. limit

Question 12:A. respond

B. hobbies
B. appeal
B. relate
B. mould

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to
each of the following questions.
Question 15: Ben won first......in the art competition.
A. prize

B. medal

C. reward

D. benefit

Question 16: One of the most difficult decisions young adults face is what to do for
a(n)..........
A. work

B. lifestyle

C. living

D. existence

Question 17: Is Heather........the hotel reservations for us?
A. being made

B. to be making

C. to be made

D. going to make

Question 18: I think it’s safer to go on a package.......than make my own travel
arrangements.
A. travel

B. journey

C. cruise

D. holiday

Question 19: The minimum.........for the post was a degree in education.
A. requiring

B. required

C. require

D. requirement

Question 20: "I wouldn’t buy that dress if I were you; it isn’t in..... ~ "You’re right, it
probably doesn’t suit me either."
A. fashion

B. mode

C. style

D. trend

Question 21: I'm not completely..........with the way the hairdresser styled my hair.
A. satisfied

B. satisfying

C. satisfyingly

D. satisfaction

Question 22: The wind was blowing so hard that we found it impossible to.........our tent.
A. build

B. raise

C. make up

D. put up

Question 23: If you work at a reception desk, you can’t.......wearing casual clothes.
A. get out of

B. get round to

C. get into

D. get away with

Question 24: The lecture was so boring that John could hardly keep himself.......asleep.
A. of falling

B. to falling

C. from falling

D. in falling

Question 25: No one won the match; the final result was a(n)......
A. draw

B. equal

C. score

D. drawing

Question 26: He can borrow this CD.........he gives it back to me by Thursday.
A. unless

B. in case

C. as long

D. provided

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose
underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following
questions.
Question 27:A. review

B. eschew

Question 28:A. backcourt B. yoghourt

C. curfew

D. bedscrew

C. forecourt

D. lawcourt

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to
indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The old man rubbed the cramped hand against his trousers and tried to ease the fingers.
But the hand would not open. Maybe it will open with the sun, he thought. He looked across
the sea and knew how alone he was now. The clouds were building up for the trade wind and
he looked ahead and saw a flight of wild ducks against the sky over the water, and he knew
that no man was ever alone on the sea. He thought of how some men feared being out of
sight of land in a small boat and knew they were right in months of sudden bad weather. But
now they were in hurricane months and, when there are no hurricanes, the weather of these
months is the best of all the year. If there is a hurricane you always see the signs of it in the
sky for days ahead, if you are at sea. They do not see it ashore because they do not know
what to look for, he thought. But we have no hurricane coming now. He looked at the sky
and saw the white cumulus clouds built like friendly piles of ice cream and high above were
the thin feathers of the cirrus against the high September sky. ‘Better weather for me than for
you, fish,’ he said.
His left hand was still cramped, but he was unknotting it slowly. I hate a cramp, I he
thought. It is a treachery of one’s own body and it humiliates oneself especially when one is
alone. If the boy were here he could rub it for me and loosen it down from the forearm, he
thought. But it will loosen up. Then, with his right hand he felt the difference in the pull of
the line. As he leaned against the line and slapped his left hand hard and fast against his
thigh he saw it slanting slowly upward. ‘He’s coming up,’ he said. ‘Come on hand. Please
come on.’
The line rose slowly and steadily and then the surface of the ocean bulged ahead of the
boat and the fish came out. He came out unendingly and water poured from his sides. He
was bright in the sun and his head and back were dark purple and in the sun the stripes on his
sides showed wide and a light lavender. His sword was as long as a baseball bat and he rose
full-length from the water and then re-entered it, smoothly, like a diver and the old man saw
the great blade of his tail go under and the line started to race out.
He is a great fish and I must convince him, he thought. I must never let him learn his
strength nor what he could do if he made his run. If I were him I would put in everything

now and go until something broke. But, thank God, they are not as intelligent as we who kill
them; although they are more noble and more able. The old man had seen many great fish.
He had seen many that weighed more than a thousand pounds and he had caught two of that
size in his life, but never alone. Now alone, and out of sight of land, he was fast to the
biggest fish he had ever seen and bigger than he had ever heard of, and his left hand was
still as tight as the gripped claws of an eagle.
It will uncramp though, he thought. Surely it will uncramp to help my right hand. There
are three things that are brothers: the fish and my two hands. It must uncramp. It is unworthy
of it to be cramped. The fish had slowed again and was going at his usual pace.
I wonder why he jumped, the old man thought. He jumped almost as though to show me
how big he was. I know now, anyway, he thought. I wish I could show him what sort of man
I am. But then he would see my cramped hand. Let him think I am more man than I am and I
will be so.
[Extracted from 'The Old Man and the Sea' by Ernest Hemingway]
Question 29: Why was he sure the weather would stay fair?
A. There are more fish during good weather.
B. It was not the right time of year for hurricanes.
C. He could see no trace of an approaching hurricane.
D. Bad weather had not been forecast ashore.
Question 30: What does the writer mean when he says the old man was ‘fast to the biggest
fish he had ever seen’ in line 25?
A. He was joined to the fish by his line.

B. He was surprised to see the fish’s size.

C. He was attracted by such a big fish.

D. He was chasing the fish in his boat

Question 31: What does the old man worry about after seeing the fish?
A. The fish is too powerful for his boat.
C. He isn’t as clever as the fish.

B. He doesn’t have enough line.
D. The fish could escape if it swam

fast.
Question 32: How did the old man feel about being out at sea?
A. He enjoyed it because he had time to himself.
B. He realised how dangerous his work was.

C. He wasn’t happy at being out of sight of land.
D. He didn’t mind as there were creatures around him.
Question 33: The old man didn’t want the fish to see that he was......
A. alone in the boat. B. so small.

C. too tired.

D. in some difficulty.

Question 34: What does the verb ‘to ease’ mean in English?
A. to make less painful B. to soften

C. to loosen

D. to crack

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to
indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
DOWNSHIFTING
As you move around your home take a good hard look at its contents. It's likely that your
living room will have a television set and a DVD player, and your kitchen a washing
machine and tumble drier, maybe also a microwave oven and electric toaster. Your bedroom
drawers will be stuffed with almost three times as many clothes as you need. You almost
certainly own a car and a home computer, holiday abroad at least once a year
and eat out at least once a week. If you could see the volume of rubbish in your dustbin over
a year, you would be horrified.
Now, perhaps, more than ever before, people are wondering what life is all about, what it's
for. The single-minded pursuit of material success is beginning to trouble large numbers of
people around the world. They feel the long-hours work culture to make more money to buy
more things is eating up their lives, leaving them precious little time or energy for family or
leisure. Many are turning to alternative ways of living and downshifting is one of them.
According to a national consulting group, this new approach to work coincides with
radical changes in the employment market, where a job is no longer guaranteed and lifetime
employment can only be achieved by taking personal responsibility for your career. Six per
cent of workers in Britain took the decision to downshift last year, swapping their highly
pressured, stressful positions for less demanding, less time-consuming work which they
believe gives them a better balanced life.
One couple who downshifted is Daniel and Liz. They used to work in central London. He
was a journalist and she used to work for a international bank.They would commute every
day from their large house in the suburbs, leaving their two children with a nanny. Most

evenings Daniel wouldn't get home until eight or nine o' clock, and nearly twice a month he
would have to fly to New York for meetings. They both earned a large amount of money but
began to feel that life was passing them by.
Nowadays, they run a farm in the mountains of Wales. ‘I always wanted to have a farm
here,' says Daniel, and we took almost a year to make the decision to downshift. It has taken
some getting used to, but it's been worth it. We have to think twice now about spending
money on car repairs and we no longer have any holidays. However. I think it made us
stronger as a family, and the children are a lot happier.'
Liz, however, is not totally convinced. 'I used to enjoy my job, even though it was hard
work and long hours. I'm not really a country girl, but I suppose I'm gradually getting used
to looking after the animals. One thing I do like though is being able to see more of my
children. My tip for other people wanting to do the same is not to think about it too much or
you might not do it at all.
Question 35: What does the writer say about the employment market?
A. It’s difficult to keep a company job for life.
B. You have to look hard to Find a job yourself.
C. There aren’t many jobs nowadays.
D. It’s changing all the time.
Question 36: What does ‘it’ in line 26 refer to?
A. having animals

B. her job

C. her tip

D. downshifting

Question 37: According to the writer, people are beginning to rethink their lives because......
A. they feel too dependent on their possessions.
B. their families object to their working so hard.
C. they want to spend time doing other things.
D. they are worried about the amount of rubbish they throw away.
Question 38: What has Daniel’s reaction been to moving to Wales?
A. He felt at home on the farm almost immediately.
B. He is sorry that they made the decision to move too quickly.
C. He misses the holidays they used to have abroad.
D. He’s happy that he’s now fulfilled an ambition.

Question 39: Why was this text written?
A. To warn people of the problems of downshifting.
B. To prove that having a good job doesn’t make you happy.
C. To tell people how to downshift.
D. To make people aware of a new social trend
Question 40: When Daniel was a journalist he used to......
A. miss his children. B. live in central London. C. be highly paid. D. dislike his job.
Question 41: What does the word ‘tip’ in line 25 mean?
A. a good idea

B. a word of advice

C. a warning

D. a clue

Question 42: Daniel and Liz both agree that the move......
A. to a farm was expensive.

B. was difficult to organise.

C. has been a total success.

D. has improved family life.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that
needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 43: I've repaired it so well as I can - we'll just have to hope for the best.
A. so well

B. the best

C. repaired it

D. just have to

Question 44: The improvement to water standards over the last 50 years has been very
great.
A. very great

B. the last

C. to water

D. over

Question 45: When they visit us they always bring their dog along them.
A. visit us

B. along them

C. always bring

D. When

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is
closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 46: This party is 'evening dress' only.
A. You have to dress up for the party this evening.
B. I dress up only for this evening party.
C. You're not allowed to dress casually for this party.
D. This party is only for those who dress up in the evening.
Question 47: It was a mistake for me to buy you that computer game.
A. I'm sorry for buying you that computer game.

B. I shouldn't have bought you that computer game.
C. I needn't have bought you that computer game.
D. I mustn't have bought you that computer game.
Question 48: I have never seen such a terrible film before.
A. I don't enjoy seeing terror films.
B. That is one of the most terrible films I have seen before.
C. This is the worst film that I have ever seen.
D. Such a terrible film that I have never seen before.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best
combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 49: That man may be her father. His eyes are also brown.
A. So brown as his eyes that man is perhaps her father.
B. That man’s eyes are so brown that he may be her father.
C. Because that man’s eyes are brown, he may be her father, too.
D. That man whose eyes are also brown may be her father.
Question 50: Soccer is not my favourite sport. Dad is infatuated with it.
A. Neither Dad nor I like soccer.
B. Soccer is not my favourite sport so Dad is infatuated with it.
C. Because soccer is not my favourite sport, Dad is infatuated with it.
D. Although Dad is infatuated with soccer, it is not my favourite sport.
2020-09-30 03:23:44