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Giải bài tập SBT Tiếng Anh lớp 7 chương trình mới Unit 10: Sources Of Energy

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Doc24.vnA. Phonetics trang 29 Unit 10 Sách bài p(SBT) ti ng Anh iậ ớ1. Find the word which has different stress pattern from the others. Say them aloud.Tìm có tr ng âm khác các còn i. Đc to các đó.ừ ừ1. A. dangerous B. plentiful C. another D. limited2. A. easily B. consumption C. energy D. negative3. A. different B. expensive C. abundant D. convenient4. A. petroleum B. advantage C. enormous D. tendency5. A. attention B. holiday C. pollution D. effectiveKey Đáp án:1. C; 2. B; 3. A; 4. D; 5. B2. Read the following sentences and mark (') the stressed syllable in the underlined words.Đc các câu sau và đánh (') vào tr ng âm các ch chân.ọ ạ1. The potential of alternative sources of energy is not only plentiful but also clean and safe.2. We are looking for cheap, clean, effective sources of energy. These types of energy won'tcause pollution or waste natural resources.3. think nuclear power is not only expensive but also dangerous to our environment.4. Petroleum is limited It will be replaced by another source of renewable energy.5. We will reduce energy consumption as much as possible.Key Đáp án:1. The po'tential of alternative sources of ' energy is not only ' plentiful but also clean and safe.2. We are looking for cheap, clean, e'ffective sources of energy. These types of energy won'tcause po'llution or waste natural resources.3. think nuclear power is not only ex'pensive but also ' dangerous to our environment.4. Pe'troleum is ' limited It will be replaced by a'nother source of renewable energy.5. We will reduce ' energy con'sumption as much as possible.Doc24.vnB. Vocabulary Grammar trang 30 Unit 10 Sách bài p(SBT) ti ng Anh iậ ớ1. Do the crossword puzzle and complete the sentences.Gi ch và hoàn thành các câu đây.ả ướ ACROSS1. Solar energy is_______ and it can be replaced easily.2. Hydro power is_______ because dams and lakes should be built.3. Fossil fuels are non­renewable energy sources. They are____ to the environment.DOWN4. The alternative sources of energy like the sun and the wind are not only plentiful but also and safe.5. Wind power is convenient and_______ .6. Coal is_______ and it will be replaced by another renewable source.7. For many people living in rural areas, biogas is a____ energy source available.8. Nuclear energy can provide enough electricity for the world's needs, but it is___ .Key Đáp án:1. plentiful; 2. expensive; 3. harmful; 4. clean5. abundant; 6. limited; 7. cheap; 8. dangerous Doc24.vn2. Match the verbs in column with the words/ phrases in column B.N đng B.ố Key Đáp án:1. f; 2. c; 3. h; 4. a; 5. d; 6. g; 7. e; 8. 3. Underline the correct word or phrase in each sentence.G ch ho đúng trong câu.ạ ướ ỗ1. This time next year my father will work/ will be working in the hydro power station.2. Don't forget to turn off the lights before you're leaving/ you leave .3. My brother and will cycle/ will have cycled to school to cut air pollution.4. By the year 2020, people in my village will use/ will be using energy from the sun.5. What will we do/ will we be doing to save electricity?6. What will happen/ will be happened to us when the non­renewable energy sources run out?7. Wind power is renewable source because it can be replaced/ can replace easily and quickly.8. The students in my school will be put/ will be putting low energy light bulbs in the school.9. Alternative sources of energy will be developed/ will develop quickly.10.The energy consumption will be reduced/ will reduce as much as possible.Key Đáp án:Doc24.vn1. will be working; 2. you leave; 3. will cycle; 4. will be using 5. will we do; 6. will happen; 7. can be replaced; 8. will be putting9. will be developed; 10. will be reduced4. Choose the best option (A, B, C, or D) to complete each sentence.Ch đáp án đúng (A, B, ho D) hoàn thành các câu sau.ọ ể1. The boys______ home for lunch because they are planning to visit the hydro power station.A have not come Edo not come C. will not be coming D. is not coming2. It is going to rain any minute now. The children___ in the rain.A. is being caught will be caught C. is caught D. are caught3. They_______ test tomorrow; we don't want to disturb them.A. will be having will have C. have D. had4. They_______ that we have gone without telling them.A. thought are thinking C. will be thinking D. think5. ______ you_______ up this book for me, please?A. Are ... going to wrap Will... be wrapping C. Will... wrap D. Have ... wrapped6. We_______ solar panels in the schoolyard while you are checking cracks in the water pipes.A. have put will be putting C. will put D. put7. At 7.00 tomorrow, you__________ to school.A. cycle will cycle C. will be cycling D. will be cycled8. Solar energy_______ by many countries in the world in the future.A. use will use C. will be using D. will be usedKey Đáp án:1. C; 2. B; 3. A; 4. D; 5. C; 6. B; 7. C; 8. 5. Change the sentences into the passive voice.Chuy câu đây sang th đng.ể ướ ộ1. We will use less electricity in the future.Less electricity_________________________________________.2. The students in my school will use public transport when travelling long distances.Doc24.vnPublic transport________________________________________.3. will turn off the lights when leaving room or going to bed.The lights____________________________________________ .4. Wind power will offer great deal of energy next century.A great deal of energy,___________________________________.5. We will use sources of energy more effectively for our future.Sources of energy______________________________________.6. People in the countryside will increase the use of biogas for cooking.The use of biogas___________________________________________ ,7. They will build hydro power station in the North of the country next decade.A hydro power station__________________________________________ .8. We will solve the problem of energy shortage by using solar energy.The problem of energy shortage_____________________________________.Key Đáp án:1. Less electricity will be used in the future.2. Public transport will be used by the students in my school when they travel long distances.3. The lights will be turned off when leave room or go to bed.4. great deal of energy will be offered next century.5. Sources of energy will be used more effectively for our future.6. The use of biogas will be increased (by people in the countryside) for coot7. hydro power station will be built in the North of the country next decade8. The problem of energy shortage will be solved by using solar energy. 6. Reorder the words/ phrases to make complete sentences.S các sau thành câu hoàn ch nh.ắ ỉ1. this time tomorrow/ English/ They/ will be learning.2. to save/ will reduce/ our energy/ the use of electricity/ We.3. in our country/ source of energy/ renewable/ will be/ Wind.4. will be replaced/ Coal/ renewable source/ by another.Doc24.vn5. biogas/ is/ cooking and heating/ think/ for/ abundant and cheap.6. Solar energy/ in the world/ by many countries/ will be used.7. because/ non­renewable energy source/ to replace it/ Petroleum is/ it takes long time.8. effectively/ sources of energy/ in our country/ will be developed/ Alternative.9. we use/ travelling long distances/ public transportation/ Will/ when?10. of energy/ are/ the wind and the sun/ Why/ alternative sources/ called?Key Đáp án:1. They will be learning English this time tomorrow.2. We will reduce the use of electricity to save our energy.3. Wind will be renewable source of energy in our country.4. Coal will be replaced by another renewable source.5. think biogas is abundant and cheap for cooking and heating.6. Solar energy will be used by many countries in the world.7. Petroleum is non­renewable energy source because it takes long time to replace it.8. Alternative sources of energy will be developed effectively in our country.9. Will we use public transportation when travelling long distances?10. Why are the wind and the sun called alternative sources of energy?C. Speaking trang 33 Unit 10 Sách bài p(SBT) ti ng Anh i.ậ ớ1. Mai and Nam are talking about energy sources. Choose a­e to complete their conversation.Mai và Nam đang nói ngu năng ng. Ch các đáp án a­e hoàn thành đo tho i.ề ượ Doc24.vnKey Đáp án:1. c; 2. e; 3. a; 4. b; 5. d2. Complete the network. Then ask and answer questions about renewable and non­renewable energysources.Hoàn thành đ. và tr ngu năng ng có th tái và ngu năng ng không thơ ượ ượ ểtái o.ạ D. Reading trang 34 Unit 10 Sách bài p( SBT) ti ng Anh iậ ớ1. Read the passage and choose the best answer (A, B, C, or D) to each question.Đc đo văn sau và ch đáp án đúng nh cho câu i.ọ ỏIn Britain, the climate is not very good. There are very few hot days and it rains lot. Because of this,people spend lot of time at home. Generally, British homes have lot of furniture in them, carpets onthe floors and heavy curtains.Many houses in Britain are old. Many of them are over one hundred years old. Often, they do not haveenough insulation and the heat goes out through the windows, the doors and up the chimney.Because of the climate, people in Britain have to spend lot of money on heating. Many houses have aspecial system called "central heating". This heats all the rooms and, at the same time, heats the hotwater. Houses without central heating often have gas, electric or coal fires. The rooms in most Britishhouses are quite small.New houses are much better. They have two layers of glass in the windows to stop the heat going out.1. Why do British people spend lot of time at home?A. Because the climate is not very good.Why do British people spend lot of time at home?B. Because they don't know where to go.Doc24.vnC. Because the climate is very good.D. Because they want to stay at home.2. The heat goes out of the houses through_____ .A. the doors and up the chimney B. the windows and up the chimneyC. the windows, the doors and up the chimney D. the walls and up the chimney3. Because of______ people in Britain have to spend lot of money on heating.A. cold weather B. cool weatherC. hot weather D. bad weather4. Houses without central heating often have_____ .A. only coal fires B. gas or coal firesC. electric or coal fires D. gas, electric or coal fires5. New houses usually have______ in the windows to stop the heat going out.A. one layer of glass B. two layers of glassC. three layers of glass D. two or three layers of glassKey Đáp án:1. A; 2. C; 3. A; 4. D; 5. 2. Read the passage and complete the table.Đc đo văn và hoàn thành ng đây.ọ ướOur environment is in trouble. People and industries are polluting the air, rivers, lakes and seas. Thereare many things you can do to help the environment. Here are few.Car: The burning of petroleum is one of the biggest sources of carbon monoxide(CO) that causes globalwarming. CO thins the ozone layer, which protect us from sunrays. So try to walk, cycle, or use publictransportation.Energy: The biggest use of home energy is for heating and cooling homes. It costs lot of money. Soturn the down, especially at night. Replace regular light bulbs with low energy light bulbs, which useless energy.Water: Showers use lot of water. Buying special "low­flow" shower head or taking shorter showerscan cut this use in half.Doc24.vnProblems SolutionsCars Energy Water Key Đáp án:Problems SolutionsCars The burning of petroleum produces carbonmonoxide that causes global warming.CO thins the ozone layer. Try to walk, cycle, or use publictransportation.Energy The use of home energy costs lot of money. Turn the heat down.Replace regular energy light bubsWater Showers use lot of water. Buy special 'low­flow' shower head.Take shorters showers.E. Writing trang 35 Unit 10 Sách bài p( SBT) ti ng Anh iậ ớ1. Write the answers to the questions about energy sources.Vi câu tr cho câu ngu năng ng.ế ượ1. What is carbon footprint?___________________________2. Why is oil non­renewable energy source?___________________________3. What are the disadvantages of nudear power?___________________________Doc24.vn4. Why should we save energy?___________________________5. What should we do to reduce our electric bills?___________________________6. What should the goverment do to reduce the use of petrol?___________________________7. What type of energy source will be used in Viet Nam in the future?___________________________8. Why do you think biogas will be used in the future?___________________________Key Đáp án:Đáp án ý:ợ1. It me negative effects we have on the environment.2. Because it takes long time to replace it.3. It is expensive and dangerous.4. Because it's important in everyone's life.5. We should use low energy light bulbs in our houses or turn off the lights before going to bed.6. The government should increase the tax on petrol.7. Hydro power and solar energy will be used.8. Because it's abundant and clean. 2. Write paragraph about how to save home energy, using the following outline.IntroductionBody­ use/ short shower head/ or/ buy''low­flow' shower/ use less baths­ turn off/ lights/ conditioners/ before/ leave home/ whenever/ not in/ rooms­ keep/ refrigerator doors/ closed­ go/ school/ bikeConclusionKey Đáp án ý:ợGood morning/ afternoon ladies and gentlemen,My name is Nam. Today I'm going to tell you how to save home energy.Most people use too much electricity and water at home. You can reduce the amount of energy by­using short shower heads or buy ’low­flow' showers;