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GD&ĐT VINH PHUCƠTR NG THPT LI NƯƠ ÊS NƠ(Đ thi m: 0ề trang) KTCL ÔN THI THPT QU GIA NĂM 201Ề -201 9Môn: TI NG ANH 019Th gian làm bài: 60 phút, không th gian phátờ ờđềH va tên thi sinh:o ……………………………………………………………………. SBD: …………………………Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicatethe correct answer to each of the questions .Animals have an intuitive awareness of quantities. They know without analysis the differencebetween number of objects and smaller number. In his book The natural History of Selboure ”(1786), the naturalist Gilbert White tells how he surreptitiously removed one egg day from aplover’s nest and how the mother laid another egg each day to make up for the missing one. Henoted that other species of birds ignore the absence of single egg but abandon their nests if morethan one egg has been removed. It has also been noted by naturalists that certain type of waspalways provides five never four, never six caterpillars for each of their eggs so that their younghave something to eat when the eggs hatch. Research has also shown that both mice and pigeonscan be taught to distinguish between odd and even numbers of food pieces.These and similar accounts have led some people to infer that creatures other than humanscan actually count. They also point to dogs that have been taught to respond to numerical questionswith the correct number of barks, or to horses that seem to solve arithmetic problems by stompingtheir hooves the proper number of times.Animals respond to quantities only when they are connected to survival as species as inthe case of the eggs or survival as individuals as in the case of food. There is no transfer to othersituations or from concrete reality to the abstract notion of numbers. Animals can “count” onlywhen the objects are present and only when the numbers involved are small not more than sevenor eight. In lab experiments, animals trained to “count” one kind of object were unable to count anyother type. The objects, not the numbers, are what interest them. Animals admittedly remarkableachievements simply do not amount to evidence of counting, nor do they reveal more than innateinstincts, refined by the genes of successive generations, or the results of clever, careful conditioningby trainers.Question 01 What is the main idea of this passage?A. Although animals may be aware of quantities, they cannot actually count.B. Of all animals, dogs and horses can count best.C. Careful training is required to teach animals to perform tricks involving numbersD. Animals cannot “count” more than one kind of object.Question 02 Why does the author refer to Gilbert White book in line 2?A. To indicate that more research is needed in this field.B. To show how attitudes have changed since1786.C. To provide evidence that some birds are aware of quantities.D. To contradict the idea that animals can count.Question 03 The word surreptitiously is closest in meaning to ________.A. quickly B. occasionally C. stubbornly D. secretlyQuestion 04 The word odd refers to which of the following?A. numbers such as 1, 3, and so on B. lucky numbersC. numbers such as 2, 4, and so on D. unusual numbersQuestion 05 The author mentions that all of the following are aware of quantities in some waysEXCEPT ________.A. wasps B. Plovers C. caterpillars D. miceQuestion 06 The word accounts is closest in meaning toA. reasons B. reports C. deceptions D. invoicesQuestion 07 How would the author probably characterize the people who are mentioned in thefirst line of the second paragraph ________.A. As foolish B. As demanding C. As clever D. As mistaken© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 5Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined partdiffers from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions .Question 08 A. blam ed B. misus ed C. dissolv ed D. increas edQuestion 09 A. blou ses B. amu ses C. pur ses D. plea sesMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needscorrection in each of the following questions.Question 10 Ancient people used pot for cooking, storing food, and carrying things from place toplace.A. pot B. cooking C. carrying D. fromQuestion 11 Chemical engineering is based on the principles of physics, chemists, and mathematics. on B. principles C. chemists D. mathematicsQuestion 12 David is particularly fond of cooking and he often cooks really delicious meals.A particularly B. cooking C. often cooks D. reallyMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaningto the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions .Question 3: As newspaper reporter, she always wanted to get information at first hand .A. indirectly B. easily C. slowly D. directlyQuestion 4: The loss of his journals had caused him even more sorrow than his retirement fromthe military six years ealier.A. grief B. sympathy C. comfort D. joyMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the restin the position of the main stress in each of the following questions .Question 5: A. competent B. computer C. compliance D. commuterQuestion 6: A. employ B. evoke C. powder D. immuneRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicatethe correct answer to each of the questions We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed-ability teaching. On the contrary,both their knowledge and experience are enriched. We feel that there are many disadvantages instreaming pupils It does not take into account the fact that children develop at different rates. Itcan have bad effect on both the bright and the not-so-bright child. After all, it can be quitediscouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade! Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability. This isonly one aspect of their total personality. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupilsto the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills, and wefind that mixed-ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning. In our classroom, we work in various ways. The pupils often work in groups; this gives themthe opportunity to learn to co-operate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They also learnhow to cope with the personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, toanalyze and evaluate, to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as fromthe teachers. Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes the work on individual tasks andassignments, they can do this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching whenthis is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the skills theyneed in order to do this effectively. An advanced pupil can do advanced works; it does not matterwhat age the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them everyencouragement to attain this goal.Question 7: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage ?A. Group work gives pupils the opportunity to learn to work together with othersB. Pupils also learn how to participate in teaching activitiesC. Group work provides the pupils with the opportunity to learn to be capable organizersD. Pupils also learn to develop their reasoning ability© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 5Question 8: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true ?A. It's not good for bright child tofind out that he performs worst in mixed-ability classB. There is nofixed method in teaching pupils to develop themselves to the fullC. Development of pupils as individuals is not the aim of group workD. Pupils cannot develop in the best way if they are streamed into classes of differentintellectual abilitiesQuestion 9: According to the passage, which of the following is an advantage of mixed-abilityteaching ?A. pupil can be at the bottom of class.B. Formal class teaching is the important way to give pupils essential skills such as those tobe used in the library.C. Pupils can be hindered from an all-round develop ment.D. Pupils as individuals always have the opportunities to work on their own.Question 0: According to the passage " streaming pupils " ________ .A. is the act of putting pupils into class according to their academic abilitiesB. aims at enriching both their knowledge and experienceC. will help the pupils learn bestD. is quite discouragingQuestion 1: According to the author, mixed-ability teaching is more preferable because ________ .A. children can learn to work with each other to solve personal problemsB. it doesn't have disadvantages as in streaming pupilsC. formal class teaching is appropriateD. its aim at developing the children's total personalityQuestion 2: The phrase " held back " in paragraph means ________ .A. forced to study in lower class B. made to lag behindC. prevented from advancing D. made to remain in the same classesQuestion 3: The author's purpose of writing this passage is to ________ .A. recommend pair work and group work classroom activitiesB. emphasize the importance of appropriate formal classroom teachingC. offer advice on the proper use of the school libraryD. argue for teaching bright and not-so -bright pupils in the same classQuestion 4: The author argues that teacher's chief concern should be the development of the pupils' ________ .A. learning ability and communicative skills B. personal and social skillsC. total personality D. intellectual abilitiesRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicatethe correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks .Engineers have been dreaming of an underwater link between Britain and France since 1802.Finally, in 1994the Channel Tunnel (nickname “the Chunnel” by the English) was officially opened.This fifteen million dollar project took seven years to complete .It is 50km long and built 45 metresunder the seabed. The trains which go through the Chunnel can travel at up to 300km/h due to the( 25 )_______ electrical system.The journey from London to Paris via the Chunnel takes just three hours. It is also handy fordrivers since they can load their cars onto the trains. They don’t need to book in 26 )_______, as trainsdepart every few minutes. However, while on the train, there isn’t much to do and many criticise theChunnel for this. Unlike the ferries, there is no duty- free shopping, no video game parlour orrefreshment stand 27 )_______ can you look outside and enjoy the view. As result, many would findthe Chunnel 28 )_______ and would take the ferry 29 )_______.Question 25 A. forward B. advanced C. progressive D. improvedQuestion 26 A. advance B. time C. ahead D. futureQuestion 27 A. Nor B. Either C. Neither D. NotQuestion 28 A. unlikely B. unwanted C. unappealing D. unpopularQuestion 29 A. instead B. however C. rather D. otherwise© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 5Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of thefollowing questions.Question 0: "I'm very sorry for letting you wait for so long." " ________________ "A. It's doesn't matter. Thank you. B. You're welcome.C. My pleasure. Don't worry about it. D. Don't apologize I've just arrived here.Question 1: Gardeners transplant bushes and flowers by moving them from one place to ________ .A. another B. each other C. others D. otherQuestion 2: few natural elements exist in ________ that they ate rarely seen in their naturalenvironments.A. so small quantities B. very small qualitiesC. small quantity D. such small quatitiesQuestion 3: Could you please ________ me to the nearest post office?A. direct B. point C. indicate D. explainQuestion 4: I'd rather you ________ anything about the garden until the weather improves.A. don't make B. don't do C. didn't make D. didn't doQuestion 5: It's very cold in here. Do you mind if ________ the heating?A. put up with B. put off C. put down D. put onQuestion 6: We're over the ________ Who wouldn't be? We've just won $1 million.A. clouds B. moon C. stars D. planetQuestion 7: He is very ________ of his conduct and promises never to behave like that again.A. guilty B. ashamed C. sorry D. miserableQuestion 8: " Would you like me to send this package for you? " ________________ "A. That would be nice. Any problems? B. No thanks, I'm very busy.C. Yes, please, if you don't mind. D. I'm sorry, but here you are.Question 39 Of course you'll pass. You write well and you have an exellent ________ of the subject.A. grip B. embrace C. seizure D. graspQuestion 40 As towns grow, they tend to destroy the surrounding ________ areas.A. rural B. commercial C. land D. urbanQuestion 41 Candles ________ from beeswax bum with very clean flame.A. making B. which made C. made D. are madeQuestion 42 Noisy parties are really not mineA. idea B. liking C. scene D. preferenceQuestion 43 The exhibition is free for all students. ________ pay any fee.A. must not B. should not C. had better not D. haven't got notMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest inmeaning to each of the following questions .Question 44: really regret that you haven't told me about her family .A. If only didn't regret that you hadn't told me about her family.B. If only you had not told me about her family.C. If only you told me about her family.D. If only you had told me about her family.Question 45: "I say again. This is the most important assignment of the semester," the professor said .A. The professor informed that that was the most important assignment of the semester .B. The professor confirmed that that was the most important assignment of the semester .C. The professor replied that that was the most important assignment of the semester .D. The professor threatened that that was the most important assignment of the semester .Question 46: My uncle is businessman. He was ranked the wealthiest of the country .A. businessman, who is my uncle, was ranked the wealthiest of the country.B. My uncle is businessman, ranking the wealthiest of the country.C. My uncle, businessman, was ranked the wealthiest of the country.D. businessman, my uncle, was ranked the wealthiest of the country.Question 47: don't think Max broke your vase because he wasn't here then .A. Max wasn't able to break your vase because he wasn't here then.© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 5B. Max was likely to break your vase because he wasn't here then.C. Max wouldn't have broken your vase because he wasn't here then.D. Max can't have broken your vase because he wasn't here then.Question 48: There were over 2000 people at Carl's trial. Most of them believed that he was not guiltyof the crime .A. When it was announced that Carl had been found not guilty of the crime, there were over2000 people in the audience at his trial.B. Over 2000 people coming to Carl's trial must have influenced the fact that he was notfound guilty of the crime.C. The majority of the more than 2000 people at Carl's trial think that he had committed thecrime.D. Carl had not committed the crime, and so more than 2000 people came to his trial to showtheir support.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaningto the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 49: told you clearly and definitely not to write your answer in pencil, Tom!A. altogether B. considerably C. specifically D. thoroughlyQuestion 50: The washing machine have just bought is very simple to use.A. easy B. interesting C. difficult D. boring_________THE END_________© Bình THPT Li n, Th ch, Vĩnh Phúc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang