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Đề thi thử Tiếng Anh năm 2018 trường Sở GD-ĐT Hà Nội lần 3

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SỞ D&ĐT HÀ NỘI ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC(Đề thi có trang) KỲ KHẢO SÁT KIẾN THỨC THPT NĂM HỌC 2017-2018 MÔN:TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian giao đềMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs fromthe other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Câu 1: A. acc mpany B. categ ry C. shortc ming D. newc merCâu 2: A. ring B. crifice C. nd D. ndaMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three inthe position of primary stress in each of the following questions. Câu 3: A. architect B. electric C. mineral D. luxury Câu 4: A. imagine B. horizon C. property D. computerMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction ineach of the following questions. Câu 5: Assessment instruments in nursery schools they feature (A) items and other materials (B) differentfrom those (C) on elementary school tests (D)A. they feature B. other materials C. from those D. school tests Câu 6: Migrant workers live (A) in substandard (B) unsanitary (C), and dilapidated housing and often arelacking (D) medical care. A. workers live B. substandard C. unsanitary D. are lackingCâu 7: For thousands of years, man (A) has created sweet-smelling (B) substances from wood, herbs, andflowers and using them (C) for perfume or (D) medicine.A. man B. sweet-smelling C. using them D. orMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the followingquestions.Câu 8: “I’m going out now.” “_____ you happen to pass chemist’s, would you get me more some aspirins?”A. Should B. Had C. Were D. DidCâu 9: By the year 2050, many people currently employed _____ their jobsA. have lost B. will be losing C. will have lost D. are losing Câu 10: Simple sails were make from canvas _____ over frameA. was stretched B. stretch C. it was stretched D. stretchedCâu 11: cooperative program between China and Germany on building Yangshow, famous ancient city,into a(n) _____ city has proceeded smoothly since it started in September last yearA. ecological-friendly B. friendly ecology C. ecology-friendly D. friendly-ecological Câu 12: know you didn’t see me yesterday because was in Hanoi. You _____ me. A. may not have seen B. mustn’t have seen C. shouldn’t have seen D. can’t have seen Câu 13: Governments should _____ international laws against terrorismA. bring up B. bring about C. bring in D. bring back Câu 14: She had just enough time to _____ the report before the meetingA. dip into B. go into C. turn around D. get through 1Câu 15: Students can _____ lot of information just by attending class and taking good notes of the lecturesA. absorb B. provide C. read D. transmitCâu 16: “Have you _____ this contract yet?” “Not yet. I’ll try to read it this weekend.” A. looked over B. looked out C. looked up D. looked into Câu 17: He left the country _____ arrest if he returned. A. in fear of B. under threat of C. with fear of D. with threat of Câu 18: He was natural singer with voice that was as clear as _____. A. bell B. mirror C. waterfall D. lake Câu 19: We never expected that we would come up _____ so many problems at the very start of ourbusinessA. with B. against C. for D. toMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each ofthe following exchanges.Câu 20: “What do you do for living?” “_____” A. work in bank B. want to be doctor, guessC. It’s hard work, you know D. get high salary, you knowCâu 21: –: “Excuse me. I’m your new neighbor. just moved in.” “_____” A. Sorry, don’t know B. I’m afraid not. C. Where to, sir? D. Oh, don’t think soMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to theunderlined word(s) in each of the following questionsCâu 22: Mr. Young, general manager of the emergency response division of AMSA, said that the debris wasspotted along busy shipping route and could be containers that had fallen off cargo vesselsA. seen B. collected C. shot D. analyzedCâu 23: Ten years ago the Republic of Ireland became the first country in the world to lay down workplacesmoking ban.A. expose B. suggest C. introduce D. purposeMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to theunderlined word(s) in each of the following questions Câu 24: He was so insubordinate that he lost his job within weekA. fresh B. disobedient C. obedient D. understandingCâu 25: am afraid haven’t allowed him enough initiative said Father Payne; that’s bad habit of mine.A. determination B. encouragement C. beginning D. cowardice Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to eachof the following questions.Câu 26: My cousin shows desire to put aside the status of the school child.A. The status of the school child makes my cousin happyB. My cousin is determined to put up with the other school children.C. My cousin decides to play down the status of the school childD. My cousin doesn’t want to be school child any moreCâu 27: It appears that the harvest workers think they were maltreated. 2A. The harvest workers seem to think they were maltreatedB. The harvest workers claim to have been maltreated.C. It is thought that the harvest workers were maltreated. D. It appears that the harvest workers think of being maltreatedCâu 28: simplified edition is easier to read than the original: it’s shorterA. simplified edition which is shorter than the original is easier to read.B. simplified edition, which is shorter than the original, is easier to readC. The original, which is shorter, is easier to read than simplified editionD. The original is longer than simplified edition, and it is difficult to readMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair ofsentences in the following questions.Câu 29: The flood may rise higher. We have to move upstairs. A. We’ll have to move upstairs soon if the flood rises any higherB. Unless the flood rises any higher we won’t have to move upstairsC. If we don’t move upstairs, the flood may rise higherD. We have to move upstairs in case the flood rises any higherCâu 30: People live together in one place. They form community.A. When people form community, they live together in one placeB. In order to live together in one place, people form communityC. People form community when living together in one placeD. Forming community, people live together in one placeRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correctword or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from to 5. The (1) _____ of the earth is caused by exhaust gas from automobile engines, factories and power stations.Carbon dioxide goes up into the atmosphere, and it forms kind of factories that keeps or rather allows thesunshine in but stop the earth’s heart (2) _____ getting out. It works like greenhouse, that’s why we call it theGreenhouse Effect. Because of this effect, the earth is getting warmer all the time. This (3) _____ intemperature will cause big changes to the world's climate. The sea level will rise, the ice covering the poles willmelt and cause the sea level to rise.The second problem is the (4) _____ of the ozone layer. Certain chemicals float up to the sky and react with theozone layer, and they make holes in it. Because of these holes the ultraviolet rays can shine directly to the earth.Many people are now starting to suffer from skin cancer.The sulfurous smoke from factories and power stations mixes with rain clouds and gets blown by the wind andthen falls as acid rain (5) _____ destroys lakes and forests.These three problems threaten our environment at the end of the twentieth century. Unless we do somethingabout them quickly, we, human race, may disappear from the face of the earthCâu 31: A. heating B. warming C. poisoning D. harmingCâu 32: A. against B. up C. from D. awayCâu 33: A. rise B. raise C. fall D. dropCâu 34: A. loss B. lose C. losing D. lostCâu 35: A. it B. which C. what D. they3Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correctanswer to each of the questions from to 7. The election of Andrew Jackson to the presidency in 1928 marked the political ascendancy of the “commonman” in American politics. Whereas all previous presidents had been Easterners from well-to-do families,Jackson was self-made man of modest wealth from the West. Born in 1767, Jackson fought in theAmerican Revolution, in which many of his relatives died. Afterwards, he studied law and moved to theWestern District of North California. When that territory became the state of Tennessee, Jackson waselected the state’s first congressman. His name became household word during the war of 1812, when, asa U.S Army major general, he led troops against the Creek Indians in the Mississippi Territory and laterdefeated the British at New Orleans. After his presidential inauguration, Jackson rode on horseback to the White House to attend private party.Crowds of well-wishers suddenly appeared at the reception and nearly destroyed the White House as theytried to glimpse the new president. The common man had made dramatic entrance onto the nationalpolitical scene. Jackson’s two terms moved American society toward truer democracy. Many states abandoned propertyrequirements for voting. Elected officials began to act more truly as representatives of the people than astheir leaders. As president of the common man, Jackson waged war against the Bank of the United States,vetoing the bill that re-chartered the institution declaring it dangerous monopoly that profited thewealthy few. Although he had built his reputation as an Indian fighter during the War of 1812, Jackson was not an Indianhater. He adopted what was at the time considered an enlightened solution to the Indian problem-removal.Many tribes submitted peacefully to being moved to the West. Others were marched by force to the IndianTerritory, under brutal conditions, along what the Cherokees called the Trail of Tears. One of Andrew Jackson’s most enduring legacies was the Democratic Party, which under him became ahighly organized political party. In opposition to the Democrats were the Whigs, party that attractedsupporters of the Bank of the United States and opposed the tyranny of the man called “King Andrew”. Aless specific but more basic legacy is the populist philosophy of politics that still bears the name “JacksonianDemocracy.”Câu 36: The author’s perspective toward Andrew Jackson could be best described as _____.A. critical B. emotional C. personal D. historical Câu 37: The author suggests that Jackson’s election and inauguration _____. A. destroyed the White HouseB. brought new style to the presidencyC. made lot of common people angryD. put military man in the White House for the first timeCâu 38: The word institution in paragraph refers to _____. A. the presidency of the United States B. American societyC. The Bank of the United States D. democracyCâu 39: According to the passage, why did Jackson oppose the Bank of the United States?A. He thought it benefited only rich people.B. It started war.C. It opposed electing him “King Andrew”. 4D. It opposed giving common people the right to voteCâu 40: According to the passage, Jackson’s policy toward American Indians was _____. A. developed during the War of 1812 B. forceful and cruelC. considered his greatest achievement D. considered progressive at the time Câu 41: The word brutal in paragraph is closest in meaning to _____. A. tearful B. abrupt C. humane D. harsh Câu 42: Which of the following could NOT be inferred about Andrew Jackson? A. He served his country throughout his life B. He supported democratic reformsC. He inspired populist politics D. He was president during violent warRead the following passage on transport, and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct answer to each of the questions from to 8. The work of women has been economically vital since prehistory, although their contributions have variedaccording to the structure, needs, customs, and attitudes of society.In prehistoric times, women and men participated almost equally in hunting and gathering activities to obtainfood. With the development of agricultural communities, women’s work revolved more around the home. Asurban centres developed, women sold or traded goods in the marketplace.From ancient to modern times, four generalizations can be made about women's paid work. Women haveworked because of economic necessity; poor women in particular worked outside the home whether they wereunmarried or married, and especially if their husbands were unable to sustain the family solely through theirown work. Women’s indentured work has often been similar to their work at home. Women have maintainedthe primary responsibility for raising children, regardless of their paid work. Women have historically been paidless than men and have been allocated lower-status workSome major changes are now occurring in industrial nations, including the steadily increasing proportion ofwomen in the labor force; decreasing family responsibilities (due to both smaller family size and technologicalinnovation in the home); higher levels of education for women; and more middle and upper-income womenworking for pay or for job satisfaction. Statistically, they have not yet achieved parity of pay or seniorappointments in the workplace in any nation.Artisans working in their own homes not infrequently used the labor of their families. This custom was soprevalent during the Middle Ages, craft guilds of the period, including some that otherwise excluded women,often admitted to membership the widows of guild members, providing they met professional requirements.Dressmaking and lacemaking guilds were composed exclusively of women. Gradually, the guilds were replaced by the putting-out system, whereby tools and materials were distributed toworkers by merchants; the workers then produced articles on piecework basis in their homes. During the 18thand early 19th centuries, as the Industrial Revolution developed, the putting-out system slowly declined. Goodsthat had been produced by hand in the home were manufactured by machine under the factory system.Women competed more with men for some jobs, but were concentrated primarily in textile mills and clothingfactories. Manufacturers often favored women employees because of relevant skills and lower wages, and alsobecause early trade union organization tended to occur first among men. Employees in sweatshops were alsopreponderantly women. The result was to institutionalize systems of low pay, poor working conditions, longhours, and other abuses, which along with child labor presented some of the worst examples of workerexploitation in early industrial capitalism. Minimum wage legislation and other protective laws, whenintroduced, concentrated particularly on the alleviation of these abuses of working women.5Women workers in business and the professions, the so-called white-collar occupations, suffered less from poorconditions of work and exploitative labor, but were denied equality of pay and opportunity. The growing use ofthe typewriter and the telephone after the 1870s created two new employment niches for women, as typistsand telephonists, but in both fields the result was again to institutionalize permanent category of low-paid,low-status women’s work.Câu 43: When the the farming communities developed, women worked _____. A. critical B. emotional C. personal D. historicalCâu 44: The author suggests that Jackson’s election and inauguration _____. A. destroyed the White HouseB. brought new style to the presidency.C. made lot of common people angryD. put military man in the White House for the first time. Câu 45: The word institution in paragraph refers to _____. A. the presidency of the United States B. American societyC. The Bank of the United States D. democracyCâu 46: According to the passage, why did Jackson oppose the Bank of the United States? A. He thought it benefited only rich peopleB. It started war.C. It opposed electing him “King Andrew”. D. It opposed giving common people the right to vote. Câu 47: According to the passage, Jackson’s policy toward American Indians was _____. A. developed during the War of 1812 B. forceful and cruelC. considered his greatest achievement D. considered progressive at the time Câu 48: The word brutal in paragraph is closest in meaning to _____. A. tearful B. abrupt C. humane D. harshCâu 49: Which of the following could NOT be inferred about Andrew Jackson? A. He served his country throughout his life B. He supported democratic reforms.C. He inspired populist politics D. He was president during violent war. Câu 50: What women have done for the economic development have changed over time due to _____. A. their role in the home B. their marital status and their husbandsC. the different factors of the society D. the Industrial Revolution