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Đề thi thử THPTQG 2018 lần 2 môn tiếng anh lớp 12 (2)

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thi th THPT QG tr ng THPT Chuyên Vinh 1ề ườ ầMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlinedpart differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.Question 1: A. ch ange B. ch ampagne C. ch annel D. ch oiceQuestion 2: A. citie B. area C. envelop D. day sMark the letter A, B, C, or on you answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from therest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.Question 3: A. ornamental B. computer C. courageous D. industrialQuestion 4: A. identity B. modernize C. impressive D. emotionMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each ofthe following questions.Question 5: haven’t read any medical books or articles on the subject for long time, soI’m ________with recent developments.A. out of reach B. out of the condition C. out of touch D. out of the questionQuestion 6: Kate didn’t enjoy the roller coaster ride because it was________ experience ofher life.A. the most terrifying B. the most terrified C. most terrified D. far more terrifyingQuestion 7: assume that you are acquainted ________this subject since you are responsible________writing the accompanying materials.A. to/for B. with/for C. to/to D. with/withQuestion 8: Everyone in both cars________injured in the accident last night, ________?A. was/weren’t they B. were/ weren’t they C. was/ wasn’t he D. were/ were theyQuestion 9: When the Titanic started sinking, the passengers were________.A. horrifying B. apprehensive C. panic-stricken D. weather-beatenQuestion 10: Jack has collection of ________.A. old valuable Japanese postage stamps B. old Japanese valuable postage stampsC. valuable Japanese old postage stamps D. valuable old Japanese postage stampsQuestion 11: By appearing on the soap powder commercials, she became ________ name.A. housekeeper B. housewife C. household D. houseQuestion 12: Jenny “Was Linda asleep when you came home?”Jack “No. She ________TV.”A. watched B. had watched C. was watching D. has been watchingQuestion 13: This class,_____is prerequisite for microbiology, is so difficult that wouldrather drop it.A. that B. when C. where D. which2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề ửQuestion 14: During the campaign when Lincoln was first a(n)________ for the Presidency,the slaves on the far-off plantations, miles from any railroad or large city or daily newspaper,knew what the issues involved were.A. competitor B. contestant C. applicant D. candidateQuestion 15: Peter “What________ your flight?” Mary “There was big snowstorm in Birmingham that delayed lot of flights.”A. held up B. postponed up C. delayed up D. hung upQuestion 16: ________ his poor English, he managed to communicate his problem very clearly.A. Because B. Even though C. Because of D. In spite ofMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response tocomplete each of the following exchanges.Question 17: Jane is talking to Billy about the meeting. Jane: “Is everybody happy with the decision?” Billy: “__________________”A. That sounds like fun. B. Yes, it is certainly. C. No, have you? D. Not really. Question 18: Lucy is asking for permission to play the guitar at Pete’s home. Lucy: “Is it all right if play the guitar in here while you’re studying?” Pete: “_________________”A. Oh, wish you wouldn’t. B. Well, I’d rather not. C. Well, actually, I’d prefer it if you didn’t. D. Well, if only you didn’t.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE inmeaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 19: Nutritionists believe that vitamins circumvent diseases.A. defeat B. nourish C. help D. treatQuestion 20: Adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game.A. favorable B. bad C. comfortable D. severeMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest inmeaning to each of the following questions.Question 21: "I have never been to Russia. think shall go there next year.” said Bill.A. Bill said that he had never been to Russia and he thought he would go there the next year. B. Bill said that he would have never been to Russia and he thinks he would go there the nextyear. C. Bill said that he had never been to Russia and he thinks he will go there the next year. 2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề ửD. Bill said that he has never been to Russia and he thinks he would go there the next year.Question 22: People believed that Jane retired because of her poor health.A. Jane is believed to have retired because of her poor health. B. Jane was believed to have retired because of her poor health. C. It is believed that Jane retired because of her poor health. D. Jane retired because of her poor health was believed.Question 23: Charles would have won the essay contest if he had typed his paper.A. Charles won the essay contest in spite of not typing his paper. B. Charles did not win the essay contest because he did not type his paper. C. Typing his paper made Charles win the essay contest. D. Charles did not win the essay contest even though he typed his paper.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 24 to 30.Duncan Phyfe made some of the most beautiful furniture found in America. His familyname was originally Fife, and he was born in Scotland in 1768. In 1784, the Fife familyimmigrated to Albany, New York where Duncan’s father opened cabinetmaking shop.Duncan followed his father’s footsteps and was apprenticed to cabinetmaker. Aftercompleting his training, Duncan moved to New York City. Duncan Fife was first mentioned in the 1792 NYC Directory as furniture “joiner” inbusiness at Broad Street. Two years later, he moved, expanded his business, and changedhis name to Phyfe. He was quiet-living, God-fearing young man who felt his new namewould probably appeal to potential customers who were definitely anti-British in this post-Revolutionary War period. Duncan Phyfe’s name distinguished him from his contemporaries. Although the newspelling helped him better compete with French emigrant craftsmen, his new name had moreto do with hanging it on sign over his door stoop.The artisans and merchants who came to America discovered unique kind of freedom.They were no longer restricted by class and guild traditions of Europe. For the first time inhistory, man learned that by working hard, he could build his business based on his ownname and reputation and quality of work. Phyfe’s workshop apparently took off immediately. At the peak of his success, Phyfeemployed 100 craftsmen. Some economic historians point to Phyfe as having employeddivision of labor and an assembly line. What his workshop produced shows Phyfe’s absolute2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề ửdedication to quality in workmanship. Each piece of furniture was made of the best availablematerials. He was reported to have paid $1,000 for single Santo Domingo mahogany log. Phyfe did not create new designs. Rather, he borrowed from broad range of theperiod’s classical styles, Empire, Sheraton, Regency, and French Classical among them.Nevertheless, Phyfe’s high quality craftsmanship established him as America’s patrioticinterpreter of European design in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Although the number of pieces produced by Duncan Phyfe’s workshop is enormous,comparatively few marked or labeled pieces have been found extant. In antiques shops andauctions, collectors have paid $11,000 for card table, $24,200 for tea table, and $93,500for sewing table.Question 24: What is the main idea of the passage?A. The business of cabinetmaking. B. The significance of Duncan Phyfe’s name. C. Duncan Phyfe’s life and career. D. Duncan Phyfe’s cabinetmaking designs.Question 25: According to the passage, which of the following does the author imply?A. Duncan Fife and his father had the same first name. B. Duncan Fife worked for his father in Scotland. C. Duncan Fife and his father were in the same business. D. Duncan Phyfe made over 100 different kinds of tables.Question 26: Which choice does the word it in paragraph refer to?A. His spelling B. His chair C. His French D. His nameQuestion 27: Which choice is closest in meaning to the word guild in paragraph 4?A. Verdict of jury B. Organization of craftsmen C. Political party of emigrants D. Immigrants’ clubQuestion 28: In his business, Duncan Phyfe used all of the following EXCEPT ________.A. division of labor B. an assembly line C. continental designs D. the least expensive materialsQuestion 29: Based on the information in the passage, what can be inferred about DuncanPhyfe’s death?A. He died in the eighteenth century. B. He died in Albany.C. He died in the nineteenth century. D. He died in Scotland.Question 30: The author implies that________.A. furniture from Duncan Phyfe’s workshop no longer exists. B. furniture from Duncan Phyfe’s workshop costs lot of money today. C. furniture from Duncan Phyfe’s workshop was ignored by New Yorkers. 2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề ửD. furniture from Duncan Phyfe’s workshop was made by his father.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, or on your answer sheet to indicatethe correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35. rainbow is an optical display of color that usually appears in the sky when beam ofsunlight refracts through millions of raindrops. Each (31)________ color from the spectrumis then sent to your eyes. For this to happen, the angle between the ray of light, the raindropand the human eye must be between 40 and 42 degrees. After studying rainbows in (32)________, Sir Isaac Newton was able to explain howthey are formed. However, he was color blind, so he had to rely on the eyes of his assistant,who could easily (33)________all the seven colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigoand violet. His assistant could also clearly tell the difference between indigo and violet. There are two types of rainbows. Primary rainbows are the most common and have themost distinctive colors, with red appearing on the outside of the arc and violet on the inside.Secondary rainbows are unusual because the light is reflected twice within the raindropbefore it (34)________ rainbow, so the colors are in reverse order and not as bright asprimary rainbows. There is popular myth that if you reach the end of rainbow, you will find pot ofgold waiting for you. In fact, it is impossible to do this, because rainbow has no end asyou go towards the point where the rainbow seems to touch the ground, it moves away fromyou as quickly as you (35)________.Question 31: A. single B. divided C. detached D. separate Question 32: A. depth B. width C. breadth D. length Question 33: A. realize B. discover C. understand D. recognize Question 34: A. forms B. grows C. develops D. shapes Question 35: A. progress B. arrive C. get D. approach Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST inmeaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 36: Laws on military service since 1960 still hold good.A. remains for good B. is still in good conditionC. stands in life D. remains in effectQuestion 37: The expression out of the frying pan and into the fire means to go from onedilemma to worse one.A. situation B. predicament C. solution D. embarrassmentMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that bestcombines each pair of sentences in the following questions.2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề ửQuestion 38: The government knows the extent of the problem. The government needs totake action soon.A. The government knows the extent of the problem whereas it needs to take action soon. B. The government knows the extent of the problem so that it needs to take action soon. C. Knowing the extent of the problem, the government needs to take action soon. D. The government knows the extent of the problem, or else it needs to take action soon.Question 39: The substance is very toxic. Protective clothing must be worn at all times.A. Since the substance is very toxic, so protective clothing must be worn at all times. B. So toxic is the substance that protective clothing must be worn at all times. C. The substance is such toxic that protective clothing must be worn at all times. D. The substance is too toxic to wear protective clothing at all times.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needscorrection in each of the following questions.Question 40: Once you have finished an article and identified its main ideas, it may not benecessary to reread it again A. Once B. identified C. be necessary D. againQuestion 41: An ambitious person is committed to improve his or her status at work. A. is B. improve C. status D. atQuestion 42: Generally Europe and Asia are regarded as being distinct continents, but theyare simply vast geography divisions of the larger land mass known as Eurasia. A. Generally B. are regarded C. vast geography D. known asRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50. After the United States purchased Louisiana from France and made it their newestterritory in 1803, President Thomas Jefferson called for an expedition to investigate the landthe United States had bought for $15 million. Jefferson’s secretary, Meriwether Lewis, awoodsman and hunter from childhood, persuaded the president to let him lead thisexpedition. Lewis recruited Army officer William Clark to be his co-commander. The Lewisand Clark expedition led the two young explorers to discover new natural wealth of varietyand abundance about which they would return to tell the world. When Lewis and Clark departed from St. Louis in 1804, they had twenty-nine in theirparty, including few Frenchmen and several men from Kentucky who were well-knownfrontiersmen. Along the way, they picked up an interpreter named Toussant Charbonneau and2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề ửhis Native American wife, Sacajawea, the Shoshoni “Bird Woman” who aided them as guideand peacemaker and later became an American legend. The expedition followed the Missouri River to its source, made long portageoverland though the Rocky Mountains, and descended the Columbia River to the PacificOcean. On the journey, they encountered peaceful Otos, whom they befriended, and hostileTeton Sioux, who demanded tribute from all traders. They also met Shoshoni, who welcomedtheir little sister Sacajawea, who had been abducted as child by the Mandans. Theydiscovered paradise full of giant buffalo herds and elk and antelope so innocent of humancontact that they tamely approached the men. The explorers also found hell blighted bymosquitoes and winters harsher than anyone could reasonably hope to survive. They becamedesperately lost, then found their way again. Lewis and Clark kept detailed journals of theexpedition, cataloging dazzling array of new plants and animals, and even unearthing thebones of forty-five-foot dinosaur. When the party returned to St. Louis in 1806 after travelling almost 8,000 miles, theywere eagerly greeted and grandly entertained. Their glowing descriptions of this vast newWest provided boon to the westward migration now becoming permanent part ofAmerican life. The journals written by Lewis and Clark are still widely read today.Question 43: The purpose of the Lewis and Clark expedition was________.A. to establish trade with the Otos and Teton Sioux B. to explore territory purchased by the United States C. to purchase land from France D. to find the source of the Missouri RiverQuestion 44: Where in the passage does the author mention hardship faced by the expedition?A. Lines 4-6 B. Lines 8-10 C. Lines 12-13 D. Lines 16-17Question 45: It can be inferred that Sacajawea ________.A. married Shoshoni interpreter B. abducted child C. demanded tribute from the traders D. is well-known American heroineQuestion 46: The word they in paragraph refers to________.A. elk and antelope B. buffalo herds C. the members of the expedition D. Shoshoni and MandansQuestion 47: The word blighted in paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.A. increased B. ruined C. swollen D. drivenQuestion 48: Lewis and Clark encountered all of the following EXCEPT _______.A. mountains B. buffaloes C. dinosaur herds D. friendly people2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề ửQuestion 49: The word boon in paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.A. power B. hurdle C. benefit D. conclusionQuestion 50: It can be inferred from the passage that the Lewis and Clarkexpedition________.A. experienced more hardships than successes B. encouraged Americans to move to the West C. probably cost the United States more than $15 million D. caused the deaths of some of the explorersĐáp án1-B 2-C 3-A 4-B 5-C 6-A 7-B 8-A 9-C 10-D11-C 12-C 13-D 14-D 15-A 16-D 17-D 18-C 19-B 20-A21-A 22-B 23-B 24-C 25-C 26-D 27-B 28-D 29-C 30-B31-D 32-A 33-D 34-A 35-D 36-D 37-B 38-C 39-B 40-D41-B 42-C 43-B 44-D 45-D 46-A 47-B 48-C 49-C 50-BL GI CHI TI TỜ ẾQuestion 1: Đáp án BKi th c:ế Phát âm “-ch” Gi thích:ả change /t∫eind champagne /∫æm'pein/ channel /'t∫ænl/ choice /t∫ is/ ɔPh ch chân câu phát âm là /∫/ còn là /t∫/ầ ượ ạQuestion 2: Đáp án CKi th c:ế Phát âm “-s” Gi thích:ả Có ba quy phát âm đuôi s/es ắQuy 1: Phát âm là /s/ khi cùng ng -p, -k, -t, -f. ằQuy 2: Phát âm là /iz/ khi cùng ng -s,-ss,-ch,-sh,-x,-z,-o,-ge,-ce. ằQuy 3: Phát âm là /z/ nh ng còn i. ạPh ch chân câu phát âm là /s/ còn là zầ ượ ạQuestion 3: Đáp án AKi th c:ế Tr ng âm có âm ti tr lên ởGi thích:ả ornamental /, :n 'mentl/ computer /k m'pju:t [r]/ ə2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề ửcourageous /k 'reid s/ ʒə industrial /in'd stri l/ əCâu tr ng âm vào âm ti th 3, còn là th 2ọ ứQuestion 4: Đáp án BKi th c:ế Tr ng âm có âm ti tr lên ởGi thích:ả identity /ai'dent ti/ modernize /'m :naiz/ əimpressive /im'presiv/ emotion /i'm ∫n/ əʊCâu tr ng âm vào âm ti th nh t, còn là th 2ọ ứQuestion 5: Đáp án CKi th c:ế ng ựGi thích:ả out of reach: ngoài ớout of the condition: không (v th ểout of touch: liên i, không có tin ềout of the question: không th c, đi không th ượ ểT ch:a Tôi đã không kỳ sách khoa ho bài vi ch này trong tọ ộth gian dài, vì tôi không có tin nh ng phát tri đây.ờ ầQuestion 6: Đáp án AKi th c:ế Tính so sánh nh ấGi thích:ả Tính đuôi “ed” là tính nh nh tính xúc con ng i; tính đuôi "ing"ừ ườ ừlà tính ch ch => đáp án B, lo ạTrong câu không có ng so sánh => đáp án lo ượ ạD ng so sánh nh tính dài: the most tính dài ừT ch:a Kate không thích đi tàu vì nó là tr nghi kh ng khi nh trong cu iượ ờcô.Question 7: Đáp án BKi th c:ế Phrasal verb Gi thích:ả To be acquainted with: làm quen i, bi ếTo be responsible for: ch trách nhi cho ệT ch:a Tôi cho ng đã làm quen ch này vì ch trách nhi so nằ ạth tài li kèm theo.ả ệQuestion 8: Đáp án A2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề ửKi th c:ế Phù ch ng và ng câu đuôi ỏGi thích:ả ng sau “Everyone” chia nh danh ít => B, lo ượ ạTrong câu đuôi, phía tr là “Everyone” thì câu đuôi ta dùng “they” =>ỏ ướ ừđáp án lo ạT ch:a ng trong hai chi xe th ng trong tai đêm qua, đúngọ ườ ươ ạkhông?Question 9: Đáp án CKi th c:ế ng ựGi thích:ả horrifying (a): làm khi kinh kh ng ủapprehensive (a): hãi, lo ng ắpanic-stricken (a): ho ng ho ng lo ạweather-beaten (a): ng (da) ắT ch:a Khi Titanic chìm, hành khách ho ng lo n.ắ ạQuestion 10: Đáp án DKi th c:ế trí tính tr danh ướ ừGi thích:ả trí tính tr danh Value (Giá tr valuable Age (tu tác) old Originị ướ ổ(xu Japanese ứT ch:a Jack có tem chính Nh có giá tr .ộ ịQuestion 11: Đáp án CKi th c:ế ng ựGi thích:ả housekeeper (n): qu gia housewife (n): bà tr ợhousehold (n) gia đình; house (n): ngôi nhà ta có “a household name (word)”: tên quen thu c; tên mi ng ệT ch:a ng cách xu hi trên qu ng cáo xà phòng, cô tr thành cái tên quenằ ộthu c.ộQuestion 12: Đáp án CKi th c:ế Thì trong ti ng anh ếGi thích:ảTa dùng thì quá kh ti di di hành ng đang ra th đi mứ ểtrong quá kh ứ2k/1 Mua 137 thi th 2018 alo 0937351107ề