Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm 2019 có đáp án - Số đề 015

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(Đề thi gồm: 05 trang)

Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 015
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate
the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 01 to 05.
Bacon and eggs is a traditional breakfast in the UK, but it isn’t (01)_________ now. Some
people have a cooked breakfast at the weekend but most people don’t have time in the week.
Toast, cereal and fruit are popular.
Breakfast is between 7 and 9 a.m. and lunch is between 12 and 1.30 p.m. The British
tradition of ‘afternoon tea’ - tea, sandwiches and cakes - at 4 o’clock is (02)_________ now. The
main meal of the day is dinner in the evening, usually between 6 and 8 p.m.
There are lots of traditional kinds of food in the UK - roast beef, turkey at Christmas, pies,
fish and chips and, of course, English breakfasts. People choice many different cultures live in the
UK so British people also love food from other countries. The country’s favourite dish is… curry!
Eating out isn’t cheap, but there’s a fantastic (03)_________ of different restaurants.
Indian, Chinese, Italian and Thai restaurants are common. Fast food and snacks are always
popular with children in the UK. Teenagers eat over 3,000 million packets of crisps each year!
Sandwiches, a British invention, are very common for lunch, especially in the ‘packed lunches’
that children (04)_________ to school.
There are now many coffee bars in British towns. Caffé latte, cappuccino and espresso are
all popular, but tea is (05)_________ the UK’s favourite drink. That’s tea with milk, of course.
British people drink over 200 million cups of tea every day!
Question 01: A. general
B. similar
C. common
D. the same
Question 02: A. outdated
B. unusual
C. irregular
D. ancient
Question 03: A. from
B. in
C. with
D. of
Question 04: A. carry
B. take
C. bring
D. get
Question 05: A. always
B. ever
C. yet
D. still
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in
meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 06: Important features of dehydrated foods are their lightness in weight and their
A. organic B. dried
C. frozen
D. healthy
Question 07. Many people criticized the ostentatious lifestyle of some high-ranked officials.
A. debauchedB. immoral C. showy
D. extravagant
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in
meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 08. ‘What I’ve got to say to you now is strictly off the record and most certainly not for
publication,’ said the government official to the reporter.
A. already official B. beside the point C. not popular
D. not recorded
Question 09. These were the people who advocated using force to stop school violence.
A. publicly said
B. openly criticized C. publicly supported D. strongly condemned
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes
each of the following exchanges.

Question 10. Minh: “My first English test was not as good as I expected.” - Thomas:
A. Good Heavens!
B. Never mind. Better job next time!
C. That‟s brilliant enough.
D. It‟s okay. Don‟t worry.
Question 11. Susan: “___________.”
- Peter: “No, thanks. I‟m not
A. Do you like eating cookies?
B. Would you like some cookies?
C. Do you have any cookies?
D. Are cookies your favorite snacks?
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the
other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 12:
A. household
B. concern
C. garbage
D. conflict
Question 13:
A. confidence
B. maximum
C. applicant
D. computer
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part
differs from the other three in the pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 14:
A. area
B. arrange
C. arrive
D. arise
Question 15:
A. reduced
B. caused
C. damaged
D. preserved
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate
the correct answer to each of the questions from 16 to 21.
Our carbon footprint is the estimated amount of carbon dioxide (CO 2) given off as we go
about our daily lives. While the global average carbon footprint is about 4 metric tons per person
each year, Americans contribute approximately 20 metric tons of greenhouse gas per person each
year. Compared to other countries, even those who use the least amount of energy in the US - for
example, a person who lives off the grid - still contribute double the carbon emissions than the
global average per person. And, not surprisingly, a person's carbon footprint increases in size as
his or her income increases. So, the less you spend, the more environmentally friendly you are.
How is it possible that people in the US who live simple lifestyles, e.g., children or the
homeless, make such large contributions to greenhouse gas emissions? The answer is simple:
Each US citizen has access to various basic government services such as firefighting and police
departments, road and bridge repair, libraries, jails and prisons, the military, etc. When these
public services are divided equally among the entire US population, it significantly raises the
carbon footprint per person. In fact, according to a study conducted by the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology, the lowest carbon footprint that can be calculated for a person living in the US is
8.5 metric tons. And shockingly, this carbon footprint corresponds to a homeless person who
sleeps in public shelters and eats in soup kitchens. While it is admirable to make changes in
lifestyle to reduce a carbon footprint, in reality, it is very difficult to do. The MIT study revealed
that a "rebound effect" occurred when someone made an effort to reduce his or her carbon
footprint. Take the example of a person who made the deliberate choice to buy a hybrid car
instead of a large SUV to save money on gas costs. Very often that person would use the money
he or she saved to do something else, e.g., take a long airplane trip. In this ease, just one long
airplane trip produces more CO2 emissions than driving the large SUV for a year. This ends up
having a negative impact on a person's carbon footprint by making it bigger!
Can Americans reduce their carbon footprints? According to the study, it is possible, but it
would require lifestyle changes such as giving up long-distance travel and buying fewer
smartphones, tablets, and MP3 players that have large energy costs to produce and deliver.
The most drastic way to lower the average American's US carbon footprint is to add a CO 2
tax on food, housing, and transportation, and most Americans don't want their taxes raised. Unless
we can find a way to reduce our carbon footprints, the price we may ultimately have to pay is
much higher than the amount Americans will ever have to pay in taxes.
[Fron AMERICAN ENGLISH FILE 4, Workbook, 2nd Edition, Oxford 2015]

Question 16: The idiom“lives off the grid” is closest in meaning to________.
A. leads an independent life
B. does not use public utilities such as water, electricity,…
C. does not pay taxes
D. does not have a job
Question 17: A person who lives a simple lifestyle in the US has a high carbon footprint
A. the CO2 footprint calculation is not divided equally among all US citizens.
B. he or she has access to public services paid for by the government.
C. he or she can’t pay a tax to offset his or her carbon footprint.
D. he or she lives off the grid
Question 18: Americans with the lowest carbon footprints are usually________.
A. people who serve as soldiers. B. people who are unemployed.
C. people who have high income D. people who have nowhere to live or eat.
Question 19: The "rebound effect”________.
A. has a positive impact on an individual's carbon footprint.
B. has a negative impact on an individual’s carbon footprint.
C. has a double effect on an individual's carbon footprint.
D. has no impact on an individual's carbon footprint.
Question 20: The writer's conclusion is that________.
A. finding a way to reduce the average US citizen's carbon footprint is more important
than anything else to all Americans.
B. reducing the US carbon footprint is almost impossible.
C. paying a carbon footprint tax is an easy solution.
D. to reduce the US carbon footprint, taxes should be lowered
Question 21: The average American's carbon footprint is________.
A. approximately four times the global average carbon footprint per person.
B. approximately eight times more than the global average carbon footprint per person.
C. approximately five times more than the global average carbon footprint per person.
D. approximately double the global average carbon footprint per person.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of ther
following questions.
Question 22. He drives so quickly that I am afraid that one day he will________ someone
crossing the street.
A. crash down
B. knock down
C. turn over
D. run across
Question 23. If it had not rained last night, the roads in the city________ so slippery now.
A. would not be
B. must not be
C. could not have been
D. would not have been
Question 24. My dog as well as my cats________ twice a day.
A. eat
B. eats
C. have eaten
D. has eaten
Question 25. The doctor advised________ late.
A. me not staying up
B. me not stay up
C. me not to stay up D. not to stay
Question 26. It seems that you are right, ________?
A. doesn’t it
B. do you
C. aren’t you
D. are you
Question 27. You________ the locksmith to open the door for you last night before you tried to
open it yourself.
A. have had to call B. ought to have called
C. had better call D. must call
Question 28. Valentine’s Day, ________ from Roman, is now celebrated all over the world.
A. originate
B. originating
C. to originate
D. originated
Question 29. Until the situation has settled down, it is________ to travel to that country.

A. well-advised
B. inadvisable
C. advisable
D. ill-advised
Question 30. The________ cheered when the final goal was scored in the match today.
A. spectators
B. audience
C. onlookers
D. viewers
Question 31. The purpose of the survey was to________ the inspector with local conditions.
A. notify
B. instruct
C. acquaint
D. inform
Question 32. If oil supplies run out in 2050 then we need to find________ energy sources soon.
A. alternate
B. alternating
C. alternative
D. altering
Question 33. William was 19 years old when he was________ for war.
A. called up
B. made up
C. put up
D. brought up
Question 34. I can‟t give you the answer on the________; I’ll have to think about it for a few
A. place
B. minute
C. scene
D. spot
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines
each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 35. She received the exam results. She immediately phoned her mom.
A. She immediately phoned her mom that she would receive the exam results.
B. No sooner had she received the exam results than she phoned her mom.
C. No sooner had she phoned her mom than she received the exam results.
D. She received the exam results immediately after she phoned her mom.
Question 36. She helped us a lot with our project. We couldn’t continue without her.
A. Unless we had her contribution, we could continue with the project.
B. But for her contribution, we could have continued with the project.
C. If she hadn’t contributed positively, we couldn’t have continued with the project.
D. Provided her contribution wouldn’t come, we couldn‟t continue with the project.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part needs
correction in each of the following questions.
Question 37. Our Spanish teacher would prefer us spending more time in the laboratory practicing
our pronunciation.
A. us
B. spending
C. in the
D. practicing
Question 38. When eggs of some species of insects hatch, the newly bom insects look almost like
its adult counterparts.
A. When
B. species
C. look
D. its
Question 39: For thousands of years, people have used some kind of refrigeration cooling
beverages and preserve edibles.
A. have used
B. kind
C. cooling
D. edibles
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in
meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 40. People think the Samba is the most popular dance in Brazil.
A. The Samba is thought to be the most popular dance in Brazil.
B. It is thought that the Samba was the most popular dance in Brazil.
C. It is thought that the Samba is among the most popular dances in Brazil.
D. In Brazil, the Samba is thought to be one of the most popular dances.
Question 41. I find myself at a loss to understand Harold’s behavior.
A. I lost contact with Harold, so I couldn’t understand his behavior.
B. I have to lose a lot to understand Harold’s behavior.
C. I understood Harold’s behavior completely.
D. I find Harold's behavior quite incomprehensible.
Question 42. A child is influenced as much by his schooling as by his parents.
A. Schooling doesn’t influence a child as much as his parents do.

B. A child’s parents have greater influence on him than his schooling.
C. A child can influence his parents as much as his schooling.
D. A child's schooling influences him as much as his parents do.
Read the following passage and mark letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions.
Until recently, hunting for treasure from shipwrecks was mostly fantasy; with recent
technological advances, however, the search for sunken treasure has become more popular as a
legitimate endeavor. This has caused a debate between those wanting to salvage the wrecks and
those wanting to preserve them.
Treasure hunters are spurred on by the thought of finding caches of gold coins or other
valuable objects on a sunken ship. One team of salvagers, for instance, searched the wreck of the
RMS Republic, which sank outside the Boston harbor in 1900. The search party, using side-scan
sonar, a device that projects sound waves across the ocean bottom and produces a profile of the
sea floor, located the wreck in just two and a half days. Before the use of this new technology,
such searches could take months or years. The team of divers searched the wreck for two months,
finding silver tea services, crystal dinnerware, and thousands of bottles of wine, but they did not
find the five and a half tons of American Gold Eagle coins they were searching for.
Preservationists focus on the historic value of a ship. They say that even if a shipwreck's
treasure does not have a high monetary value, it can be an invaluable source of historic artifacts
that are preserved in nearly mint condition. But once a salvage team has scoured a site, much of
the archaeological value is lost. Maritime archaeologists who are preservationists worry that the
success of salvagers will attract more treasure-hunting expeditions and thus threaten remaining
undiscovered wrecks. Preservationists are lobbying their state lawmakers to legally restrict
underwater searches and unregulated salvages. To counter their efforts, treasure hunters argue that
without the lure of gold and million-dollar treasures, the wrecks and their historical artifacts
would never be recovered at all.
Question 43. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Searching for wrecks is much easier with new technologies like side-scan sonar.
B. Maritime archaeologists are concerned about the unregulated searching of wrecks.
C. The search of the RMS Republic failed to produce the hoped-for coins.
D. The popularity of treasure seeking has spurred a debate between preservationists and
Question 44. The word “sunken” is closest in meaning to which of the following words?
A. broken
B. underwater
C. ancient
D. hollow
Question 45. Which of the following statements is best supported by the author?
A. The value of a shipwreck depends on the quantity of its artifacts.
B. Preservationists are fighting the use of technological advances such as side-scan sonars
C. Side-scan sonar has helped to legitimize salvaging.
D. The use of sound waves is crucial to locating shipwrecks.
Question 46. The author uses the word “services” to refer to which of the following?
A. cups
B. sets
C. containers
D. decorations
Question 47. All of the following were found on the RMS Republic EXCEPT_________.
A. wine bottles
B. silver tea services
C. American Gold Eagle coins
D. crystal dinnerware
Question 48. From the passage, you can infer that a preservationist would be most likely
A. shun treasure-seeking salvagers
B. be a diver
C. put treasures in a museum
D. do archaeological research
Question 49. The word “scoured” is most similar to which of the following?
A. scraped away
B. scratched over
C. scrambled aroundD. searched through
Question 50. The second and third paragraphs are an example of_________.

A. chronological order

B. explanation
C. specific to general
_________THE END_________

D. definition