đề thi thử thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh năm 2016 có đáp án Đề 09

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Trang: 1 thuộc về 8 1SỞ GD-ĐT HÀ TĨNHTRƯỜNG THPT TRẦN PHÚĐỀ THI THỬ THQG-NĂM HỌC 2014 -2015 MÔN: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề) Mã đề thi 09Họ, tên thí sinh:..........................................................................Số báo danh:...............................................................................Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined parts differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.Question 1: A.



wantedB.



stoppedC.



decidedD.



hatedQuestion 2: A.



childB.



chickenC.



machineD.



churchMark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.Question 3: A.



internationalB.



entertainC.



VietnameseD.



politicsQuestion 4: A.



politeB.



childrenC.



husbandD.



motherQuestion 5: A.



economyB.



communicateC.



unemploymentD.



particularMark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.Question 6: The mass media provide apowerful means of disseminatingpropaganda.A. accordingB.



producingC.spreadingD.collectingQuestion 7: His new yatch is certainly an ostentatiousdisplay of his wealth.A. beautifulB.



showyC.



largeD.



expensiveQuestion 8: I’d rather stay in a hotel with all the amenitiesthan camp in the woodsA.



conveniencesB.



friendsC.



expensesD.



sportsQuestion 9: Earthquakes are regarded as one of the most devastatingforces known to man.A. terrifyingB.



destrutiveC.



fasnatingD.



mysteriousQuestion 10: In most countries, compulsorymilitary service does not apply to women A.superiorB. mandatoryC.



beneficialD.



constructiveMark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.Question 11: Just keep _______on the dog when I am on holiday, will you?A.a lookB.



an eyeC.



a glanceD.



a care 2Question 12: The twins look so much alike that no one can______them ______A.tell/awayB. tell/apartC.



take/apartD.



take/awayQuestion 13: This is ______ the most dificult job I have ever tackled.A.byheartB. by all meansC.



by no meansD.



by farQuestion 14: I’m ______ tired to think about that problem at the moment.A.simplyB. nearlyC.



much moreD.



far tooQuestion 15: It rained ______yesterday, so we could not go sailingA.cats and dogsB.



chalk and cheeseC.



fast and furiousD.



ups and downsQuestion 16: Lucy: “You look really nice in that red sweater!” Sue: “______”A.



How dare you? B.



Thank you.



C.



I’m afraid so.



D.



Don’t mention it.Question 17: Janet: “Do you feel like going to the cinema this evening?” -Susan: "_______.”A. You’re welcomeC.



I feel very bored B.



That would be great D.



I don't agree, I'm afraidQuestion 18: When the customs officer saw my bottle, he said that I ______ have decared that.A. could B.



must C.



should D.mayQuestion 19: ______ with her boyfriend yesterday, she doesn't want to answer his phone call.



A.



Having quarreledC.



Because of she quarreled B.



Because having quarreledD.



Had quarreledQuestion 20: Last night’s concert did not ______ our expectationsA.



catch up withB.



stand in forC.



come up toD.



look up toQuestion 21: It's ______ to transfer drugs in our country.A. legally B.



illegally C.



illegal D.



legal Question 22: “It’s about time you_______ your homework, Mary.”A. must do B.



did C.



do D.



will doQuestion 23: If peopple drove more carefully, there_______so many accidents on the road.



A.



would not be B.



will not be C.



wouldn’t have been D.



aren’tQuestion 24: Tom said that he _______his motorbike the day before.A. had lost B.



lost C.



has lostD.



lose 3Question 25: When Jack ______ me, I______ a letter.A. phoned/ has been writing C.



phoned/ was writing B.



has phoned/ was writingD.



was phoning/ wroteQuestion 26: Her car’s outside so I supposed ______ have arrived.



A.



can B.



must C.



should D.



mightQuestion 27: _____ the storm, they had to cancel the trip.A.BecauseB.AlthoughC.In order toD.Because ofQuestion 28: The four-storey house_____on that hill is still new.A.be builtB.builtC.buildingD.being builtQuestion 29: Tet is a festival which occurs_____late January or early February.



A.atB. fromC.onD.inMark the letter A,B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.Question 30:California hasmore land underirrigationthan any anotherstates.A B C DQuestion 31: Inthe 1920's cinemabecame an important art form andone of the ten largest industryin A B C Dthe United StatesQuestion 32:Ripefruit is often storedin a place whocontains much carbon dioxide so that the fruit A B Cwill not decay too rapidly.DQuestion 33: In thenineteenth century, womenused quilts to inscribe their responses toA B Csocial, economic, and politicsissues.DQuestion 34: Hotat the equator causes the airto expand, rise , and flow towardthe poles A B C DRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numberedblanks.The first traffic signal was invented by a railway signaling engineer.



It was installed outside the Houses of Parliament in 1868.



It (35) ______ like any railway signal of the time, and was operated by gas.



(36) ______, it exploded andkilled a policeman, and the accident (37) ______further development until cars became common.(38) ______traffic lights are an American invention.



Red-green systems was installed in Cleveland in 1914.



Three-colour signals, operated (39) ______ hand from tower in the (40) ______ of the street, were installed in New York in 1918.



The first lights of this type to (41) ______ in Britain were in London, on the junction between St.



James’s Street and 4Piccadilly, in 1925.



Automatic signals were installed (42) ______year later.



In the past, traffic lights were special.



In New York, some lights had a statue on top.



In Los Angeles the lights did not just (43) ______ silently, but would ring bells to (44) ______the sleeping motorists of the 1930s.



These aregone and have been replaced by standard models which are universally adopted.Question 35: A.resembledB.lookedC.showedD.seemedQuestion 36: A.HoweverB.ThereforeC.AlthoughD.DespiteQuestion 37: A.forbadeB.disappointedC.avoidedD.discouragedQuestion 38: A.NewB.RecentC.ModernD.LateQuestion 39: A.byB.withC.throughD.inQuestion 40: A.middleB.heartC.focusD.halfwayQuestion 41: A.showB.appearC.happenD.becomeQuestion 42:A.aB.in theC.in aD.theQuestion 43: A.changeB.alterC.varyD.moveQuestion 44:A.riseB.raiseC.wakeD.get upRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from45to54Large animals that inhabit the desert have evolved a number of adaptations for reducing the effects of extreme heat.



One adaptation is to be light in color, and to reflect rather than absorb the Sun’s rays.



Desert mammals also depart from the normalmammalian practice of maintaininga constant body temperature.



Instead of trying to keep down the body temperature deep inside the body, which would involve the expenditure of water and energy, desert mammals allow their temperatures to rise to what wouldnormally be fever height, and temperatures as high as 46 degrees Celsius have been measured in Grant’s gazelles.



The overheated body then cools down during the cold desert night, and indeed the temperature may fall unusually low by dawn, aslow as 34 degrees Celsius in the camel.



This is an advantage since the heat of the first few hours of daylight is absorbed in warming up the body, and an excessive buildup of heat does not begin until well into the day.Another strategy of large desert animals is totoleratethe loss of body water to a point that would be fatal for non-adapted animals.



The camel can lose up to 30 percent of its body weight as water without harm to itself, whereas human beings die after losing only 12 to 13 percent of their body weight.An equally important adaptation is the ability to replenish this water loss at one drink.



Desert animals can drink prodigious volumes in a short time, and camels have been known to imbibe over 100 liters in a few minutes.



A very dehydrated person, on the other hand, cannot drink enough water to rehydrate at one session, because the human stomach is not sufficiently big and because a too rapid dilution of the body fluids causes death from water intoxication.



The tolerance of water loss is of obvious advantage in the desert, as animals do not have to remain near a water hole but canobtainfood from grazing sparse and far-flung pastures.



Desert-adapted mammals have the further ability to feed normally when extremely dehydrated, it is a common experience in people that appetite is lost even under conditions of moderate thirst.Question 45:1.



What is the main topic of the passage?A.



Weather variations in the desertB.



Adaptations of desert animals.C. Diseased of desert animalsD.



Human use of desert animals.



5Question 46:According to the passage, why is light coloring an advantage to large desert animals?A.



It helps them hide from predatorsB.



It does not absorb sunlight as much as dark colorsC.



It helps them see their young at night.D. It keeps them cool at night.Question 47:The word“maintaining”is closest in meaning to _________.A. measuringB.



inheritingC.



preservingD.



delayingQuestion 48:The author uses of Grant’s gazelle as an example ofA.



an animal with a low average temperatureB.



an animal that is not as well adapted as the camelC.



a desert animal that can withstand high body temperaturesD.



a desert animal with a constant body temperatureQuestion 49:When is the internal temperature of a large desert mammal lower?A.



Just before sunriseB.



In the middle of the dayC.



Just after sunsetD.



Just after drinkingQuestion 50:The word“tolerate”is closest in meaning to _________.A.endureB. replaceC.



compensate D.



reduceQuestion 51:What causes water intoxication?A.



Drinking too much water very quicklyB.



Drinking polluted water.C. Bacteria in water.D. Lack of water.Question 52:Why does the author mention humans in the second paragraph?A.



To show how they use camels.B. To contrast them to desert mammalsC.



To give instructions about desert survival.D. To show how they have adapted to desert life.Question 53:The word“obtain”is closest in meaning to _________.A. digestB.



carryC.



saveD.



getQuestion 54:Which of the following is NOT mentioned as an adaptation of large desert animals?A.



Variation in body temperatures.B. Eating while dehydratedC.



Drinking water quickly.D. Being active at nightRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 55to 64.An air pollutant is defined as a compound added directly or indirectly by humans to the atmosphere in such quantities as to affect humans, animals, vegetation, or materials adversely.



Air pollution requires a very flexible definition that permits continuous change.



When the first air pollution laws were established in England in the fourteenth century, air pollutants were limited to compounds that could be seen or smelled -a far cry from the extensive list of harmful substances known today.



As technology has developed and knowledge of the health aspects of various chemicals has increased, the list of air pollutants has lengthened.



In the future, even water vapor might be considered an air pollutant under certain conditions.



6Many of the more important air pollutants, such as sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides, are found in nature.



As the Earth developed, the concentration of these pollutants was altered by various chemical reactions; they became components in biogeochemical cycles.



Theseserve as an air purification scheme by allowing the compounds to move from the air to the water or soil.



On a global basis, nature's output of these compounds dwarfs that resulting from human activities.However, human production usually occurs in a localizedarea, such as a city.



In such a region, human output may be dominant and may temporarily overload the natural purification scheme of the cycles.



The result is an increased concentration of noxious chemicals in the air.



The concentrations at which the adverse effects appear will be greater than the concentrations that the pollutants would have in the absence of human activities.



The actual concentration need not be large for a substance to be a pollutant; in fact, the numerical value tells us little until we know how much of an increase this represents over the concentration that would occur naturally in the area.



For example, sulfur dioxide has detectablehealth effects at 0.08 parts per million(ppm), which is about 400 times its natural level.



Carbon monoxide, however, has a natural level of 0.1 ppm and is not usually a pollutant until its level reaches about 15 ppm.Question 55: What does the passage mainly discuss?A.



The economic impact of air pollution.B. What constitutes an air pollutantC.



How much harm air pollutants can cause.D.The effects of compounds added to the atmosphere Question 56: The word "adversely" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.A. negativelyB.



quicklyC.



admittedly D.



considerablyQuestion 57:It can be inferred from the first paragraph that _______.A. water vapor is an air pollutant in localized areas B.



most air pollutants today can be seen or smelledC.



the definition of airpollution will continue to change D.



a substance becomes an air pollutant only in cities Question 58:The word "These"in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to_.A. the various chemical reactions B.



the pollutants from the developing EarthC.



the compounds moved to the water D.



the components in biogeochemical cyclesQuestion 59:For which of the following reasons can natural pollutants play an important role in controlling air pollution?A.



They function as part of a purification process.



B.



They occur in greater quantities than other pollutants.C. They are less harmful to living beings than other pollutants.



D.



They have existed since the Earth developedQuestion 60: According to the passage, human-generated air pollution in localized regions _______.A. can be dwarfed by nature's output of pollutants B.



can overwhelm the natural system that removes pollutantsC.



will damage areas outside of the localized regions D.