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Đề thi thử THPT QG Môn Tiếng anh lớp 12 mã đề 114

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GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚCỞ KỲ KH SÁT KI TH THPT NĂM 2017-2018Ả ỌMÔN: TI NG ANH ẾTh gian làm bài: 60 phút, không th gian phát đờ ềMã thi: 114ềRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, and to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from to .Ocean Currents and the Turning of the TideIf you take seat at the beach and look out across the water, you’ll soon notice that oceans have rhythm oftheir own. Throughout the course of the day, sea levels will rise and fall, and water will flow through routes andend up in different places. But how does it all work?One force at play is tides, which are the alternating water levels of the ocean. There are two majorgravitational forces which cause tides: the sun and the moon. The moon’s force has tugging effect on oceanswhich causes them to bulge outwards on opposite sides of the planet. Solar tides operate according to the sameprinciples. However, they are only about 50 percent as strong due to the distance between the sun and the earth.As tides rise and fall, they create tidal currents. The strongest tidal currents occur at the height of both highand low tides. Unlike other currents, they do not flow in continuous stream. Far from shore, tidal currentsdon’t have much of an effect. Yet when they pass through narrow area, like harbours and bays, tidal currentscan displace plants, animals, and sediment. Although they may certainly shake things up, not all of the damageis negative. Tidal currents can spread fish eggs across long distances to assist fertilization, in addition totransporting key nutrients.Another category of currents is ocean currents. These currents occur near the top of the water, and are mainlypowered by the wind. One example of these is coastal currents, which are those beachgoers encounter whengoing for swim. One of the strongest and most well-known currents is the Gulf Stream, which brings warmwater from the Gulf of Mexico all the way to Western Europe. Meanwhile, Deep Ocean currents are powerfulforce in the depths of oceans. The strongest of these has been nicknamed the global conveyor belt, and it movesmuch slower than surface currents. Although we can’t see it in operation, it’s about 16 times as powerful as allthe earth’s rivers put together. As the global conveyor belt pushes water around the planet, it carries nutritionand carbon dioxide to places that truly need them. In the end, although there are several currents working onoceans simultaneously, they each seem to perform necessary function that creates balance for life in the sea.Câu 1: What might be another good title for the passage?A. The Dangers of Ocean Currents B. The Wonderful Sea of DreamsC. The Pollution of the World’s Oceans D. The Secrets behind the SeasCâu 2: The word displace in paragraph is closest in meaning to________.A. bury B. destroy C. keep D. moveCâu 3: The word these in paragraph refers to________.A. the Gulf Stream currents B. the depths of oceansC. forces to cause ocean currents D. Deep Ocean currentsCâu 4: How do moon tides different from solar tides?A. They occur less frequently than solar tides. B. They operate using different principles.C. They only occur during the nighttime. D. They are stronger than solar tides.Câu 5: The most powerful tidal currents occur________.A. when tides are high B. when it is windy dayC. when tides are low D. when tides are low and highCâu 6: What happens when tidal currents pass through harbours and bays?A. They destroy many towns. B. They transport things around.C. They kill lots of plants and fish. D. They always cause negative events.Câu 7: What can be inferred from the passage?A. People in Western Europe may see the Gulf Stream.B. Ocean currents play role in creating life balance in the sea.C. The moon’s force has the same effect on oceans on the opposite sides of the earth.D. There are ocean currents which are more powerful than the global conveyor belt.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.Câu 8: A. eir B. onorable C. istoric D. onestyCâu 9: A. climb ed B. escap ed C. announc ed D. crash ed Trang Mã thi 114ềĐ CHÍNH TH CỀ ỨMart the letter A, B, or on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following questions.Câu 10: John: “Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?” Laura: _____ ”A. There is no doubt about it. B. Well, that’s very surprising.C. Of course not. You bet. D. Yes, it’s an absurd idea.Câu 11: Mai: “Thanks for the nice gift you brought to us.” Nam: “_______”A. Not at all. Don’t mention it. B. Welcome! It’s very nice of you.C. All right. Do you know how much it cost? D. Actually speaking. myself don’t like it.Mark the letter A, B, or to indicate the word that differs from the other three in position of primary stress in each of the following questions.Câu 12: A. adoption B. inspector C. counselor D. descriptionCâu 13: A. offer B. follow C. arrive D. teacherMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.Câu 14: The boy is considering for the leading role in the school play .A. The B. is considering C. school play D. leading roleCâu 15: The lion has long been symbol of strength powerful and cruelty.A. symbol B. long been C. strength D. powerfulCâu 16: Those of you who signed up for Dr. Daniel’s anthropology class should get their books as soon aspossible.A. their books B. Those of C. anthropology D. forMart the letter A, B, or to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in eachof the following questions.Câu 17: Unless the two signatures are identical the bank won’t honor the check.A. similar B. different C. fake D. genuineCâu 18: need everybody’s help. The wedding is tomorrow and we haven’t even started with the decorationsyet. We have no time to lose .A. remember what time it is B. must do everything quicklyC. have some extra time D. have to start right nowMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.Câu 19: To solve this problem, it is advisable _______.A. that to adopt drastic measure B. that drastic measure be adoptedC. drastic measure to be adopted D. that drastic measure is adoptedCâu 20: His _____ of the school regulations really can’t be ignored any longer.A. unfamiliarity B. inattention C. carelessness D. disregardCâu 21: The song has _______ been selected for the 22 nd Sea Games in Vietnam.A. official B. officer C. officially D. officeCâu 22: “Buy me newspaper on your way back, _______?”A. don’t you B. can’t you C. do you D. will youCâu 23: Most of the diseases are caused by the unhygienic surroundings ______ people live.A. in which B. which C. in that D. in whereCâu 24: It gets _______ to understand what the professor has explained.A. more difficult than B. the more difficultC. more and more difficult D. difficult more and moreCâu 25: When friends insist on _______ expensive gifts, it makes people uncomfortable.A. they accepting B. their accepting C. them to accept D. they acceptCâu 26: can’t walk in these high-heeled boots. keep________.A. falling off B. falling over C. falling out D. falling backCâu 27: The teacher as well as his students _______ at the school meeting yet.A. arrived B. haven’t arrived C. not arriving D. hasn’t arrivedCâu 28: By the end of this year, Nam _______ English for seven years, but he will still need more training andexperience before he masters the language.A. will have been studying B. has been studyingC. has studied D. will be studying Trang Mã thi 114ềCâu 29: _______ non-verbal language is _______ important aspect of interpersonal communication.A. the B. C. an D. The ØCâu 30: _______ that she burst into tears.A. Her angry was such B. Such her anger was C. So angry was she D. She was so angerMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Câu 31: He drives me to the edge because he never stops talking whenever we meet.A. irritates me B. frightens me C. steers me D. moves meCâu 32: As the summer sun sent scattered rays through the maple and oak leaves overhead, the young deerstood frozen making it almost impossible for the hikers to see her.A. not melted B. invisible C. not moving D. very coldRead the following passage and mark the letter A,B,C and to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 33 to 40.The ruined temples of Angkor are perhaps one of the most impressive Seven Wonders of the World. Located inmodern day Cambodia near Lake Tonle Sap, the largest freshwater lake in Asia, Angkor was the seat of powerfor the Khmer Empire from the ninth to the fifteenth century. The ruins of Angkor are documented as some ofthe most impressive ones in the world, rivaling the pyramids of Giza in Egypt. Why this mighty civilizationdied out is question that archeologists are now only beginning to ponder. The answer, it turns out, may belinked with the availability of fresh water.One possible explanation for the downfall of the Khmer Empire has to do with the inhabitants’ irrigationsystem. The temples and palaces of Angkor were constructed around series of artificial reservoirs and canalswhich were annually flooded to capacity by the Mekong River. Once filled, they were used to irrigate thesurrounding rice paddies and farmland during the course of the year. Farmers were completely dependent uponthe water for their crucial rice crop. Without consistent irrigation, the farmers would have been unable tomaintain functional crop production.Scientists speculate that toward the end of the Khmer Empire the hydraulic systems of the reservoirs andcanals broke down. The construction of hundreds of sandstone temples and palaces required an enormousamount of physical labor. In addition, as the capital of the Khmer Empire, Angkor contained upwards of onehundred thousand people who resided in and around Angkor. In order to feed so many people, the local farmerswere driven to grow food quicker and more efficiently. After centuries of continual use, the irrigation systemwas pushed beyond its capacity. Soil erosion, nutrient depletion, and the loss of water led to decrease in thefood supply. With less food available, the people of Angkor slowly began to migrate to other parts of Cambodiathus leaving the marvelous city of Angkor to be swallowed by the jungle. Therefore, it is speculated that theKhmer Empire may have fallen victim to its own decrepit infrastructure.Câu 33: What is the passage mainly about?A. Modern day agricultural procedures in Cambodia.B. Religious temples of the ancient Khmer Empire.C. possible explanation for the decline of civilization.D. The essential role water plays in farming.Câu 34: The word artificial in the paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.A. insincere B. numerous C. man-made D. naturalCâu 35: The word decrepit in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to ________.A. disorganized B. incomplete C. deteriorated D. beneficialCâu 36: The word they in paragraph refers to ______.A. farmland B. reservoirs and canals C. rice paddies D. temples and palacesCâu 37: All the following are mentioned as events that can affect food supply EXCEPT______.A. erosion of soil B. contamination of soilC. loss of water supply D. reduction of nutrientsCâu 38: The passage preceding this passage most likely discusses ______.A. the other six wonders of the worldB. the form of government practiced by the Khmer EmpireC. architecture of ancient Asian civilizationD. religious practices of the people of AngkorCâu 39: Why does the author mention the hydraulic systems of the reservoirs?A. They were destroyed by nearby warrior tribes.B. They supplied irrigation from the Indian Ocean.C. They became non-functional due to overuse. Trang Mã thi 114ềD. They helped transport the sandstones for constructing temples.Câu 40: It can be inferred from the passage that the inhabitants of the Khmer Empire ______.A. were intentionally starved by the farmersB. depended upon rice as their main source of foodC. lost their food source due to excess rainfallD. supplemented their diets with meat hunted in the nearby junglesMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to eachof the following questions.Câu 41: Mary regrets not studying hard for her exams.A. Mary wishes she had studied hard for her exams.B. If only Mary studied hard for her exams.C. If Mary studied hard, she would not regret about her exams.D. Mary wishes to study hard for her exams.Câu 42: The children ran away to avoid being bitten by the dog.A. The children ran away with view to avoid being bitten by the dog.B. The children ran away for fear the dog might bite them.C. The children ran away for fear of biting by the dog.D. The children ran away so that the dog can’t bite them.Câu 43: He said, “Hurrah! We have won the match!”A. He said with joy that they have won the match.B. He said, “Hurrah” that they had won the match.C. He said that they have won the match.D. He exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.Câu 44: The new restaurant looks good. However, it seems to have few customers.A. The new restaurant would have more customers if it looked better.B. In spite of its appearance, the new restaurant doesn’t appear to attract much business.C. If it had few more customers, the new restaurant would look better.D. In order to get more business, the new restaurant should improve its appearance.Câu 45: They are my two sisters. They aren’t teachers like me.A. They are my two sisters, neither of whom is teacher like me.B. They are my two sisters, both of those are teachers like me.C. They are my two sisters who neither are teachers like me.D. Unlike me, neither of my two sisters aren’t teachers.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 46 to 50.Laughing is good for the body and mind. When we laugh we breathe more oxygen into our body, (46) _______helps to keep us healthy. Endorphins or happy chemicals are released in the body, and you feel more relaxedand happy. Laugher also brings people together to (47) ______ some fun. Companies who have run laughteryoga workshops find that they have advantages for both employers and employees. People who are happy atwork are more hard-working and (48) _______ more money for the company. Also, people who can laughtogether (49) ______ more successfully. In general, people do better at work when they feel happy and relaxed.A Danish company who used Laughter Yoga for year reported an increase (50) ______ sales of 40 percentover the previous year. Following Laughter Yoga session, Hawaiian timeshare company reported the highestsales of the year double their target figures.Câu 46: A. how B. what C. that D. whichCâu 47: A. divide B. share C. give D. offerCâu 48: A. provide B. take C. do D. makeCâu 49: A. communicates B. communicating C. communicate D. to communicateCâu 50: A. in B. on C. through D. at----------- ----------ẾThí sinh không ng tài li u. Cán coi thi không gi thích gì thêmượ Trang Mã thi 114ề