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3Ề ỐMark the letter A, B, or to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.Question 1: A. tr nsfer B. reer C. riety D. fraidQuestion 2: A. surfac es B. templ es C. exercis es D. pag es Mark the letter A, B, or to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions. Question 3: A. require B. consist C. achieve D. systemQuestion 4: A. intervention B. necessary C. intellectual D. productivity Mark the letter A, B, or to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 5: Men and women in the Peace Corps work with people in the developing countries to help them improving their living conditions. DQuestion 6: Because his sickness, he didn't take part in the English competition held last Sunday. DQuestion 7: found my new contact lensess trangely at first, but got used to them in the end DMark the letter A, B, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 8: You ____ the washing. My sister could have done it for you. A. needn't have done B. couldn't have done C. hadn't to do D. mustn't have done Question 9: We all believe that happy marriage should be ____ mutual love. A. based on B. concerned with C. confided in D. obliged to Question 10: ____ get your letter, will reply to you at once. A. By the time B. As though C. As soon as D. Now thatQuestion 11: ____, he had no intention of waiting for three hours.A. As for he was patient B. As he was patient C. Patient as he was D. He was patient through Question 12: ____ South Asia is said to be ____ home of ____ tiger.A. The/---/ B. ---/ the/ the C.---/ the/ D. the /the/ Question 13: It is imperative ____.A. that he not come late B. that he shall not come lateC. that he doesn't come late D. that he mustn't come late Question 14: According to ____ people, most animal and plant species on earth will soon die out.A. optimists B. pessimistic C. pessimists D. optimistic Question 15: We received call from the teacher ____ charge of our course. A. on B. at C. in D. to Question 16: These school-leavers are looking forward ____ on campus.A. living B. to live C. live D. to living Question 17: If Lucy's car ____ down, she would be here right now. A. wouldn't have been B. hadn't broken C. doesn't break D. didn't breakQuestion 18: His handwriting is so bad that can't make ____ what he has written. A. up B. off C. out D. down Question 19: don't think this record will ever ____.A. get out B. run off C. catch on D. put downMark the letter A, B, or to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges. Question 20: "Did you enjoy the movie yesterday?” “____” A. Certainly, I'd be glad to. B. Yes, it is warmer than today. C. Not really. couldn't follow the story. D. No, dislike moving. Question 21: "I apologize for keeping you waiting for hours. My car broke down on the way.” ____”A. Your apology is accepted B. You are welcome C. Thank you D. It's my pleasureMark the letter A, B, or to indicate the word/phrases SIMILAR in meaning to the underlined word(s)in each of the following questions. Question 22: The cake was heavenly so asked for more.A. out-of-this-world B. edible C. in the sky D. cheap Question 23: Chimpanzees are frequently used as stand-ins for human beings in experiments. A. partners B. models C.stand-bys D. substitutes Mark the letter A, B, or to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions. Question 24: It's discourteous to ask Americans questions about their age, marriage or income.A. impolite B. polite C. unacceptable D. rude Question 25: One of the reasons why families break up is that parents are always critical of each other.A. unaware B. supportive C. intolerant D. tiredMark the letter A, B, or to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. Question 26: We had planned to walk right round the lake, but the heavy rain made this impossible.A. In spite of the heavy rain we managed to walk half way round the lake as planned. B. We would have walked right round the lake even if it had rained heavily. C. If it hadn't rained so heavy we would have walked right round the lake.D. The heavy rain nearly prevented us from walking right round the lake. Question 27: She has always had good relationship with the children.A. She has got lot of children and relatives who she always gets along with. B. She hardly gets along well with the children. C. The children have had her as their friends and relatives.D. She has always got on well with the children. Question 28: Although he was very tired, he agreed to help me with my homework.A. Despite being very tired, but he agreed to help me with my homework. B. Tired though he was, but he agreed to help me with my homework.C. As tired as was he, he agreed to help me with my homework.D. Tired as he was, he agreed to help me with my homework. Mark the letter A, B, or to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 29: He is very intelligent. He can solve all the problems in no time.A. So intelligent is he that he can solve all the problems in no time. B. He is very intelligent that he can solve all the problems in no time. C. An intelligent student is he that he can solve all the problems in no time.D. So intelligent student is he that he can solve all the problems in no time. Question 30: We cut down many forests. The Earth becomes hot.A. The more forests we cut down, the hotter the Earth becomes. B. The more we cut down forests, the hotter the Earth becomes.C. The more forests we cut down, the Earth becomes hotter.D. The more we cut down forests, the Earth becomes hotter.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, or to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35. Throughout history, women have always aimed for recognized place in (31) ____. Guided by their own(32) ____ of knowledge and expertise, women like Marie Curie in science, Mary Wollstonecraft in literary writing, Simone de Beauvois in philosophical existentialist debate, and Marie Stopes in medicine, to name few, have brought about an awareness of the role of the women in any walks of life. These women have helped redefine and (33) ___ the nature of women's place in society. Today the spread of global women's organizations and the impact of women's contributions to society show that progress has been made and the progress in furthering the role of women in society has been some benefits to the (34) ____ woman. It is true to say that not all women have the same need. The need of thewoman who stays at home and raises children will differ widely from the woman who works outside. Nonetheless, in the extensive field of equal opportunities, it would be good to know that access is given to both with equal measure according to the true value of respective abilities. It also would be good to know that the woman at home is recognized as valued (35) ____ of society just as much as the one who deals on business outside the home. Question 31: A. society B. social socialize D. socialist Question 32: A. region B. farm C. field D. path Question 33: A. gain B. encourage C. force D. consolidateQuestion 34: A. own B. private C. individual D. personal Question 35: A. party B. competitor C. partner D. member Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42. Although management principles have been implemented since ancient times, most management scholars trace the beginning of modern management thought back to the early 1900s, beginning with the pioneering work of Frederick Taylor (1856-1915) Taylor was the first person to study work scientifically.He is most famous for introducing techniques of time and motion study, differential piece rate systems, and for systemtically specializing the work of operating employees and managers. Along with other pioneers such as Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, Taylor set the stage, labeling his philosophy and methods “scientific management'. At that time, his philosophy, which was concerned with productivity, but which was often misinterpreted as promoting worker interests at the expense of management, was in marked contrast to the prevailing industrial norms of worker exploitation.The time and motion study concepts were popularized by Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. The Gilbreths had 12 children. By analyzing his children's dishwashing and bed making chores, this pioneer efficiency expert, Frank Gilbreth, hit on principles whereby workers could eliminate waste motion. He was memorialized by two of his children in their 1949 book called “Cheaper by the Dozen”.The Gilbreth methods included using stop watches to time worker movements and special tools (camerasand special clocks) to monitor and study worker performance, and also involved identification of “therbligs” (Gilbreth spelled backwards) basic motions used in production jobs. Many of these motionsand accompanying times have been used to determine how long it should take skilled worker to perform given job. In this way an industrial engineer can get handle on the approximate time it should take to produce product or provide service. However, use of work analysis in this way is unlikely to lead to useful results unless all five work dimensions are considered. physical, psychological,social, cultural, and power. Question 36: What is the passage primarily about?A. The limitations of pioneering studies in understanding human behavior. B. How time and motion studies were first developed. C. The first applications of scientific approach to understanding human behavior. D. The beginnings of modern management theory.Question 37: It can be inferred from the first paragraph that ____.A. workers welcomed the application of scientific management B. Taylor's philosophy is different from the industrial norms C. by the early 1900s science had reached stage where it could be applied to the workplace D. workers were no longer exploited after the introduction of scientific management. Question 38: The word " prevailing " is closest in meaning to ____.A. predominant B. broadly accepted C. prevalent D. common Question 39: According to the passage, Frank Gilbreth discovered how workers could eliminate waste motion by ____.A. using special tools such as cameras and clocks B. using stop watches C. applying scientific management principles D. watching his children do their chores Question 40: According to the passage, the time it takes skilled worker to perform the motion of given job can be measured by using ____.A. stop watches B. all five work dimensions C. special tools D. therbligs Question 41: Where in the passage does the author comment that the principles of scientific management were often misunderstood?A. Lines 1-5 B. Lines 8-10 C. Lines 12-15 Lines 16-20 Question 42: All of the following are true except ____.A. Scientific management was concerned with productivity.B. the beginnings of modern management thought commenced in the 19th century. C. Frank Gilbreth's fame was enhanced by two of his children writing book. D. Analyzing work to increase productivity is not likely to be useful unless all of the dimensions are considered.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50. survey is study, generally in the form of an interview or questionnaire, which provides information concerning how people think and act. In the United States, the best-known surveys are the Gallup poll and the Harris poll. As anyone who watches the news during presidential campaigns knows, these polls have become an important part of political life in the United States. North Americans are familiar with the many “person on the street" interviews on local television news shows. While such interviews can be highly entertaining, they are not necessarily an accurate indication of public opinion. First, they reflect the opinions of only those people who appear at certain location. Thus, such samples can be biased in favor of commuters, middle-class shoppers, or factory workers, depending on which area the new people select. Second, television interviews tend to attract outgoing people who are willing to appear on the air, while they frighten away others who may feel intimidated bya camera. survey must be based on precise representative sampling if it is to genuinely reflect broad range of the population.In preparing to conduct survey, sociologists must exercise great care in the wording of questions. An effective survey question must be simple and clear enough for people to understand it. It must also be specific enough so that there are no problems in interpreting the results. Even questions that are less structured must be carefully phrased in order to elicit the type of information desired. Surveys can be indispensable sources of information, but only if the sampling is done properly and the questions are worded accurately.There are two main forms of surveys: the interview and the questionnaire. Each of these forms of survey research has its advantages. An interviewer can obtain high response rate because people find it more difficult to turn down personal request for an interview than to throw away written questionnaire. In addition, an interviewer can go beyond written questions and probe for subject's underlying feelings and reasons. However, questionnaires have the advantage of being cheaper and more consistent.Question 43: According to the passage, the main disadvantage of person-on-the-street interviews is that they ____.A. are not based on representative sampling B. reflect political opinions C. are not carefully worded D. are used only on television Question 44: According to the passage, one advantage of live interviews over questionnaires is that live interviews ____.A. minimize the influence of the researcher B. are easier to interpretC. costless D. can produce more information Question 45: The word " precise is closest in meaning to ____.A. accurae B. rational C. required D. planned Question 46: Which word is given definition in the text? A. sampling B. poll C. survey D. interview Question 47: What does the passage mainly discuss?A. The principles of conducting surveys. B. The importance of polls in American political life. C. Problems associated with interpreting surveys.D. The history of surveys in North America. Question 48: According to paragraph 3, which of the following is most important for an effective survey?A. sociologist who is able to interpret the results B. Carefully worded questions C. An interviewer's ability to measure respondents' feelingsD. high number of respondents Question 49: The word " indispensable is closest in meaning to ____.A. necessary B. complicated C. expensive D. simple Question 50: It can be inferred from the passage that one reason that sociologists may become frustrated with questionnaires is that ____.A. respondents often do not complete and return questionnaires B. questionnaires are expensive and difficult to distribute C. respondents are too eager to supplement questions with their own opinions D. questionnaires are often difficult to read