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đề thi thử Đại học môn Tiếng Anh trường THPT Bắc Yên Thành, Nghệ An năm 2012 lần 1 có đáp án

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Doc24.vnSỞ GD-ĐT NGHỆ ANTRƯỜNG THPT BẮC YÊN THÀNH ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC LẦN 1. NĂM 2012Môn: Tiếng Anh Khối D. Thời gian làm bài 90phútCode: 123Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differsfrom the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.1. A. technological B. punctuality C. representative D. characteristic2. A. secure B. vacant C. oblige D. equip3. A. satisfaction B. effectiveness C. accountancy D. appropriate4. A. fertilize B. implement C. prevention D. enterprise5. A. accompany B. interview C. dynamism D. comfortableMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to eachof the following questions.6. He found………….to answer all the questions within the time given.A. that impossible B. it impossible C. it impossibly D. that impossibly7. The rhinoceros has rather poor sense of smell, nor ............................................ A. can it see well B. it well can see C. it can see well D. well can it see8. good essay must ……..contain enough interesting ideas and specific exam but also have goodorganization. A. in addition B. either C. not only D. as well 9. Heather was born ................................... at 3:30 in the afternoon.A. at New York by August 7,1966 B. in New York in August7,1966C. in New York on August 7,1966 D. at New York at August7,196610. The players ................................. the referee's decision.A. disagreed B. disputed C. objected D. contradicted11. ' These tablets really are .................................. My headache’s much better now.' A. affective B. effective C. efficient D. affected12. ............... mistake opened Mary's letter instead ................... my own. She was veryangry ..............me and said that I'd done it ................ purposeA. of/ by/ with/ on B. with/by/ of/ on C. by/ on/ of/ withD. by/ of/ with/ on 13. Children in large families learn how to get....with other people A. along B. through C. across D. away 14. .........................his advice, would never have got the job A. Apart from B. As for C. But for D. Except 15. We have cut down........ many trees that there are now vast areas of waste land all over theworldA. too B. so C. enough D. much16. I've had ................................time to decide.A. than enough more B. more than enough C. than more enough D. enoughthan moreTrang Page of 11 Code 123Doc24.vn17. Since they aren't answering their telephone, they .........................................A. must have left B. should have left C. need have left D. canhave left 18. really appreciate .................... to help me, but am sure that will be able to manage bymyself.A. you to offer B. your offering C. that you offer D.that you areoffering19. Could you please tell me where ..........................................?A. is the nearest bus stop located B. the nearest bus stop is locatedC. is located the nearest bus stop D. located is the nearest bus stop20 penalty shot is ........................ when major foul is committed inside the 5-meter line.A. prevented. B. awarded .ranged committed 21. don't think they will approve ............................ the money that way.A. of getting B. to get C. getting D. for getting22. "Have you finished your work?" "No, haven't and .................................."A. she has not too B. neither she has C. neither has she D. she has either23. The scientist analysed the mixture accurately .A. timely B. exactly C. understandably D. considerately 24. With some difficulty, the police were able to restore order .A. lose control B. put out of order C. bring back order D. run their patrol car 25. Do sit down. Mr. Bown will join you ................................ moment. A. in B. by C. through D. at26. I'm angry because you didn't tell me the truth. don't like.............A. deceiving B. being deceived C. having deceived D. to deceive27. She remembered nothing ............................. that he was short and fat.A. except B. except for the fact C. except for D. bothA and are correct28. Air, food and water are.................................. to human beings.A.. unquestionable B. indispensable C. undeniable D. indebted 29. " How are the pictures?" " number of pictures ....................... excellent."A. is B. are C. do D. does30. didn't agree with ................................ the journey would takes two weeks.A. Peter, who thought B. Peter, that thought C. peter that thoughtD. Peter thought31. He asked me .......................... to her party the day before.A. whether come B. if would come C. whether came D. if Ihad come32………….. did Jerome accept the job.A. Only because it was an interesting work. B. Because it was an interesting work.C. Only because it was an interested work. D. The work was interesting.Trang Page of 11 Code 123Doc24.vn33. Peter: thought your baseball game was lot better, Phil” Phil: ………………….”A. You’ve got to be kidding. thought it was bad B. Yes, please. Just littleC. Thank you. I’d love to. D. No, thanks. think can do.34. A: Excuse me, is anybody sitting here? B: ……....................................................... A. No, thank B. Yes, I’m so glad C. Sorry, the seat is taken D. Yes, Yes youcan sit here35. Jenifer: Let’s go camping” Jack: ……………………………… The weather is not so good today”A. No problem B. Just bring yourselfC. Oh, don’t think it’s good idea D. Yes, let’s do thatRead the following passage and mark A,B,C or on your answer sheet to indicate thecorrect answer for each of the questions from 71 to 80Although speech is the most advanced form of communication, there are many ways ofcommunicating without using speech. Signals, signs, symbols, and gestures may be found inevery known culture. The main function of signal is to impinge upon the environment in sucha way that it attracts attention, as for example, the dots and dashes of telegraph curcuit .Coded to refer to speech, the potential for communication is very great. Less adaptable to thecodification of words, signs also contain meaning in and of themselves. stop sign or barberpole conveys meaning quicly and more difficult to describe than either signals or signs becauseof their intricate relationship with the receiver’s cultural perceptions. In some cultures,applauding in theatre provides performers with an auditory symbol of approval. Gestures,such as waving and hand-shaking also communicate certain cultural messages.Although signals, signs, symbols and gestures are very useful, they do have majordisadvantages. They usually do not allow ideas to be shared without the sender being directlyadjacent to the receiver. As result, means of communication intended to be used for longdistances and extended periods are based on speech. Radio, television, and telephone are onlya few.36 Which of the following would be best title for the passage ?A. Signs, signals, and symbols B. GesturesC. Communication Speech37- What does the author say about speech ?A. That it is the only true form of communication B. That it is dependent upon the advances made by inventors C. That it is necessary for communication to occur D. That it is the most advanced form of communication38- Applauding was cited as an example of .............................................A. sign B. signal C. symbol D. gesture39- Why were the telephone, radio, and television invented ?A. Because people were unable to understand signs, symbols, and signalsB. Because people wanted to communicate across long distancesC. Because people believed that signals, and symbols were obsoleteD. Because people wanted new form of entertainment40- It may be concluded from this passage that ...................................................Trang Page of 11 Code 123Doc24.vnA Signals, signs, symbols and gestures are forms of communicationB. Symbols are very easy to define and interpret C. Only some cultures have signals and symbols D. Waving and handshaking are not related to culture41- The word curcuit is closest meaning toA. Hand B. Letter C. Email D. Round42- Find the word in the passage that mean supportA. Convey B. Cultural C. Approval D. Useful43- All of the following are true EXCEPTA. Signals, symbols, signs and gestures are found in every cultureB. Signals, symbols, signs and gestures are very useful C. Signals, symbols, signs and gestures also have disadvantagesD. Signals, symbols, signs and gestures are used for long distance contact44- From the passage, we all know that waving hand to say goob bye isa ...............................A. Signal B. Symbol C. Gesture D. Sign45- Which of the following is NOT trueA. Speech is the only way of communicationB. Speech is the most advanced form of communication C. There are many ways of communicating without using speech D. Speech can be replaced somehow in communication by signs, signals...Read the following passage and mark A,B,C or on your answer sheet to indicate thecorrect answer for each of the questions from 46 to 55Since the world became industrialized, the number of animal species that have eitherbecome extinct or have neared extinction has increased. Bengal tigers, for instance, whichonce roamed the jungles in vast numbers, now number only about 2,300. By the year 2025, itis estimated that they will become extinct. What is alarming about the case of the Bengal tiger is that this extinction will have beencaused almost entirely by poachers who, according to some sources, are not always interestedin material gain but in personal gratification. This is an example of the callousness that iscontributing to the problem of extinction. Animals such as the Bengal tiger, as well as otherendangered species, are valuable parts of the world’s ecosystem. International laws protectingthese animals must be enacted to ensure their survival and the survival of our planet. Countries around the world have begun to deal with the problem in various ways. Somecountries, in an effort to circumvent the problem, have allocated large amounts of land toanimals reserves. They then charge admission prices to help defray the costs of maintainingthe parks, and they often must also depend on world organizations for support. This moneyenables them to invest in equipment and patrols to protect the animals. Another response tothe increase in animal extinction is an international boycott of products made fromendangered species. This has had some effect, but by itself it will not prevent animals frombeing hunted and killed. 46. What is the main topic of the passage?A. Endangered species C. The Bengal tigerTrang Page of 11 Code 123Doc24.vnB. Problems with industrialization D. International boycotts47. The word poachers could be best replaced by which of the following? A. Concerned scientists B. Enterprising researchers C. Illegal hunters D. Trainedhunters48. The word callousness could be best replaced by which of the following? A. incompetence B. indirectness C. insensitivity D.independence49. The previous passage is divided into two paragraphs in order to contrast: A. comparison and contrast B. problem and solution C. statement and an illustration D. Specific and general information50. What does the word this refer to in the passage? A. Bengal tiger B. Interest in material gainC. Killing animals for personal satisfaction D. The decrease in the Bengal tigerpopulation51. Where in the passage does the author discuss cause of extinction?A. Lines 4-6 B. Lines 7-9 C. Lines 10-14 D. Lines 1-352. Which of the following could best replace the word allocated ”?A. set aside B. combined C. taken D. organized53. The word defray is closest in meaning to which of the following? A. make payment on B. make an investment toward C. raise D. lower 54. What does the term international boycott refer to? A. global increase in animal survival B. Buying and selling of animal products overseasC. refusal to buy animal products worldwide D. Defraying the cost of maintaining national parks55. Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude? A. indifferent B. forgiving C. concerned D. surprisedĐọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗtrống từ 56 65.Any change in one part of an ecosystem can cause changes in other parts. Droughts, stormsand fires can change ecosystems. Some changes ___56___ ecosystems. If there is too __57___rainfall, plants will not have enough water to live. If kind of plant dies off, the animals that___58___ it may also die or move away. Some changes are good for ecosystems. Some pineforests need ___59___ for the pine trees to reproduce. The seeds are sealed inside pinecones.Heat from forest fire melts the seal and lets the seeds___60___. Polluting the air, soil, andwater can harm ecosystems. Building ___61___ on rivers for electric power and irrigation canharm ecosystems ___62___ the rivers. Bulldozing wetlands and cutting down ___63___ destroyecosystems. Ecologists are working with companies and governments to find better ways of___64___ fish, cutting down trees, and building dams. They are looking for ways to get food,lumber, and other products for people ___65___ causing harm to ecosystems.56. harms B. harmful C. harmless D. harm57. A. little B. little C. few D. few 58. A. fed B. feed C. feed on D. food 59. A. flame B. fires C. blaze D.Trang Page of 11 Code 123Doc24.vnburning 60. A. out B. in C. go D. fly 61. A. moats B. ditches C. bridges D. dams62. A. on B. around C. over D. under 63. A. hills B. jungles C. forests D. woods 64. A. catching B. holding C. carrying D. taking 65. A. avoid B. without C. not D. no Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to show the underlined part thatneeds correction in each of the following questions.66. The rapid growth of the world's population over the past 100 years have (A) led to (B)great increase in (C) the acreage of land under cultivation (D).67. Many young people lack (A) skills good education and financial B) to settle in the urbanareas (C)where many jobs are found. (D)68. My mother doesn’t care (A) how much does the washing machine cost (B) beacause (C)she is going to buy it D) anyway. 69. It is time (A) the government helped (B) the unemployment (C) to fimd some (D) jobs70. Marie Curie, whose discover A) of radium made (B) her famous (C), was french physicist .(D) Choose the sentence( A,B,C or D) that is similar in meaning to the one given71. The last time went to the museum was year ago. A. have not been to the museum for year. B. year ago, often went to themuseum. C. My going to the museum lasted year. D. At last went to the museumafter year72. They think that the owner of the house has gone abroad A. The owner of the house is thought to go abroad. B. The owner of the house is thought to have been going abroad. C. The owner of the house is thought to have been gone abroad.D. The owner of the house is thought to have gone abroad. 73. Despite his inexperience in the field, John applied for the job. A. John was unable to do the job because he was inexperienced. B. John applied for the job because he has experience in the field. C. John did not apply for the job because of his inexperience in the field. D. John applied for the job even though he has no experience in the field. 74. Immediately, after his arrival, things went wrong. A. When he was arriving, things went wrong B. Because he arrived, things still went wrongC. No longer did he arrive, but things still went wrong D. No sooner had he arrived that things went wrong 75. The thief wore gloves so as to avoid leaving any fingerprints.A. The thief wore gloves so as to not leave any fingerprints.B. The thief wore gloves so that not leave any fingerprints.Trang Page of 11 Code 123Doc24.vnC. The thief wore gloves in order not to leave any fingerprints.D. The thief wore gloves in order to not leave any fingerprints76. Jill hasn’t seen this movie before. Neither have her parents A. Either Jill or her parents have seen this movie before. B. Both Jill and her parents have seen this movie before. C. Neither Jill nor her parents have seen this movie before. D. Jill with her parents has seen this movie before.77. But for his father’s early retirement, Richard would not have taken over the familybusiness. A. Richard didn’t take over the family business because his father didn’t retire.B. Richard only took over the family business because his father decided to retire early.C. His father retire early, but he still ran the family business.D. Richard’s father didn’t want him to take over the family business despite his retirement78. 'Why not participate in the English Speaking Contest?'A. He asked me to take part in the English Speaking Contest.B. He suggested taking part in the English Speaking Contest.C. He offered us to take part in the English Speaking Contest.D. He told me not to participate in the English Speaking Contest.79. "How beautiful is the dress you have just bought!" Peter said to Mary.A. Peter promised to buy Mary beautiful dress.B. Peter said thanks to Mary for her beautiful dress. C. Peter complimented Mary on her beautiful dress. D. Peter asked Mary how she had just bought her beautiful dress80. English is more international than any other languages in the world. A. English is the most international language in the world. B. English is the most international as any language in the world. C. English is not as international as any language in the world. D. English is not the most international language in the world. The end III. Môn Tiếng AnhMã đề456 Suggested answers1. A. techno ' lo gical B. punctu ' lity C. repre ' sen tative D.characte ' ris tic2. A. se ' cure B. ' va cant C. ' blige D. ' quip3. A. ' ccom pany B. ' in terview C. ' dy namism D. ' com fortable4. A. pre ' ven tion B. ' im plement C. ' fe rtilize D. ' en terprise5. A. satis ' fac tion B. ' ffec tiveness C. ' ccoun tancy D. ' ppro priate 6. by mistake do lỡ, do nhầm; instead of thay vì angry with sb tức giận ai ;on purpose có mục đích, có chủ 7. Sau “nor” ta dùng dạng đảo ngữ nên phương án đúng là can it see well” 8. ....Find it adj.... Trang Page of 11 Code 123Doc24.vn9. appreciate+ N/ Ving: đánh giá cao...., cảm kích...10.B- To disagree with someone on about something to (say that you) have differentopinion from someone else- không đồng với ai, có kiến khác với người khác- to object (to sth to doing sth): to feel that something is wrong and not to likeit phản đối to dispute (sth) to believe that something isn't true or right nghi nghờ, khôngtinto contradict: mâu thuẫn với, trái với...Ta chọn phương án B, phương án A, phải có giới từ (with, to) theo sau, phươngán không hợp nghĩa bằng .11.B Chọn B- Những viên thuốc này sực sự có hiệu quả. Lưu efficient cũng là tínhtừ và cũng có nghĩa co hiệu quả, có hiệu suất nhưng effective nhấn mạnh đếnkết quả đạt được trong khi efficient nhấn mạnh đến việc thực hiện có tínhhiệu suất hay không.12.C in addition (thêm vào, hơn nữa...) khi ta muốn nói thêm vấn đề gì; either ...or ;as well cũng, cũng được); not only.....but also không những ... mà còn) 13.A Trẻ con trong gia đình lớp học cách sống hòa hợp với người khác)14.C apart from ngoài cái gì ra....; As for như ....; except ngoại trừ....nhữngphương án này không hợp nghĩa15.B accurately exactly chính xác16.B Trật tự đúng phải là more than enough N”17.A Chúng ta có tình huống Vì họ không nghe điện thoại” và chúng ta suy đoánrằng chắc chắn họ đã ra ngoài” như phương án must have left chắchẳn) B. should have left ời khuyên trong QK) không hợp nghĩa C. need have left (Khẳng định không phải suy đoán) D. can have left (có thể họ đã đi cũng là suy đoán nhưng có thể, (biết đâu họvẫn còn trong nhà)18.C Be born in địa điểm on ngày, tháng, năm19.B .....wher the nearest bus stop is located trở thành mệnh đề danh ngữ nên “is located” phải đứng sau “the nearest bus stop”20.B B. awarded phạt ,tăng, thưởng (Một quả penalty bi phạt khi phạm vào lỗi lớntrong vạch mét.) C. ranged sắp hàng; sắp xếp có thứ tự xếp loại D. prevented ngăn cản A. committed phạm iao, gửi, giao phó, uỷ nhiệm, uỷ thác Phương án A, C, Dkhông hợp nghĩa21.B approve of ing. Phê chuẩn, ung hộ, bang lòng22.C Vì câu trả lời là No, haven’t” nên ta dùng “neither aux S” (cũng không)23.B .So much little non- count noun that clause.…… So many/ few plural count noun that clause24.B number Plural V(Plural)25.B In moment: một lát nữa ngồi xuống đi, Lát nữa ông Bown sẽ tiếp bạn )26. Vì bạn không nói sự thật với tôi nghĩa là bạn đã nói dối tôi, nên tôi rất tức giậnTrang Page of 11 Code 123Doc24.vnB và không muốn bị lừa dối (being deceived)27.D Except for the fact that Clause (mệnh đề)Ta có cấu trúc: Except that Clause (mệnh đề); Except N/ Pro/ Đặt cuóicâu; Except for N/ pro/ Gerund: đặt đầu câu28.B A.. unquestionable không thể nghi ngờ được, không thể tranh cãi được, khôngthể bác bỏ đượcB. indispensable indis'pensəbl Tuyệt đối cần thiết, không thể thiếu đượcC.. undeniable không thể phủ nhận, không thể bác đượcD. indebted [in'detid] mắc nợ to be indebted to someone mang ơn, đội ơn,hàm ơn29.C Restore order bring back order lâp lại trật tự; Với một vài khó khănnhưng cảnh sát cũng đã lập lại được trật tự); (A) lose control mát kiểm soát(B) put out of order hỗn độn; (D) run their patrol car huy động lực lượngcảnh sát30.A Ta chỉ dùng đại từ quan hệ “who” thay thế cho danh từ “Peter” trong mệnh đềkhông hạn định.31.C Jenifer gợi cho Jack đi cắm trại nhưng vì thời tiết không đẹp nên đó không phảilà kiến hay “Oh, don’t think it’s good idea”. Phương án là phù hợp.32.D Sau mệnh đề bắt đầu bằng “Only” thì mệnh đề sau ta phải đảo ngữ nên ta loạiphương án A, B. Vì ta đang đề cập tới công việc thú vị nên phải là “interestingwork” phương án D33.A Đây là lời khen ngợi nên phương án là phù hợp.34.C A: Excuse me, is anybody sitting here? B:- Sorry, the seat is taken Xin lỗi, có ai ngồi đây chưa? B- Xin lỗi...., ghế này đã có người ngồirồi35.D Ta thấy trang từ the day before” nghĩa là câu trực tiếp thì quá khứ đơn nênđộng từ của câu gián tiếp phải thì quá khứ hoàn thành If had come”36.A Line 1- the number of animal species that have either become extinct or haveneared extinction has increased .37.C Poachers Illegal hunters người săn bắn trái phép38.C Callousness insensitivity (n) sự nhẫn tâm, tính vô tình(A incompetence sự thiếu khả năng, sự thiếu trình độ, sự kém cỏi, sự bất tài(B) indirectness tính không thẳng, tính quanh co (D) independenc sựđộc lập; nền độc lập39.B The st paragraph talks about the problem and the last paragraph talk about rhsolution (Line To deal with the problem...)40.C Line 5- ...according to some sources, are not always interested in material gainbut in personal gratification Theo một số nguồn tin,những người săn bắn tráiphép không phải luôn quan tân tới vật chất lớn lao mà là sự hài lòng cá nhân(gratification satisfaction)41.A Line 4-642.A Allocated set aside phân phối, cấp phát...Những nước trên khắp thế giới đã bắt đầu giải quyết vấn đề trong những cáchkhác nhau. Một sốnước, ...đã cấp phát một số lượng lớn đất để xây dựng các khu bảo tồn động vật.43.A Defray= make payment on thanh toán, chi trả...44. Boycott (v) tẩy chay international boycott refusal to buy animalTrang Page of 11 Code 123Doc24.vnC products worldwide Cả thế giới phải tẩy chay/ từ chối mua các sản phẩn từcác loài quý hiếm/ có nguy cơ bi diệt chủng)45.C Qua bài viết này chứng tỏ rằng tác giả rất quan tâm, lo lắng tới các loài động vậtcó nguy cơ bị diệt chủng concerned)46.C Sai unemployment và sữa lại là unemployed The adj để chỉnhững người…( Đã đến lúc chính phủ giúp những người thất nghiệp tìm mộtsố công việc)47.B Sai financial” sữa lại là finance ”- Theo cấu trúc song song skills goodeducation and finance”48.B Sai does the washing machine cost” và sữa lại là the washing machinecosts ”Vì mệnh đề how much the washing machine costs” trong câu này là mệnhđề danh ngữ nên không có trợ động từ trước chủ ngữ.49.A Sai have và sữa lại là has vì chủ ngữ là The rapid growth of......”- số ít50.A Sai “whose discover” và sữa lại là “whose discovery” sự khám phá củaMarie Curie về....)51.D Vị trí này ta cần một đông từ số nhiều nên chọn phương án D, Phương án B, Cđều là tính từ52.B Danh từ “rainfall” lượng mưa) là danh từ không đếm được nên chọn little”53.A to feed on something sồng nhờ vào cái gì... (Nếu một loại thực vật chêt,những động vật sống nhờ vào nó cũng có thể chết hoặc rời đi nơi khác)54.D Fire cháy; flame ngọn lửa blaze; burning đốt cháy. Nghĩa của câu này là“ Một số khu rừng thông cần cháy cho những cây thông tái sinh”. Nghĩa của cácphương án khác không phù hợp55.A Chọn out (Nhiệt từ một đám cháy rừng làm tan chảy các vỏ kín và chophép những hạt giống văng ra)56.A Moat ditch hào, mương; bridge cầu; dam đập Người ta xây đập trênsông ....)57.B irrigation can harm ecosystems around the rivers thủy lợi có thể gây tổn hạicho hệ sinh thái xung quanh các con sông). Các giới từ khác không phù hợpnghĩa.58.C Cutting down forests (San bằng vùng đất ngập nước và chặt phá rừng pháhủy các hệ sinh thái)59.D Catch fish đánh bắt cá.60.A Chọn Vị trí này avoid, not, no” không phù hợp 61.D Bị động chỉ kiến S1 think/ tell/ report...+ that S2 V2 (have+ PP) S2 be thought/ told/ reported....+ to V2 (have PP)Chú ý: Nếu động từ của mệnh đề phụ(V2 chia thì hiện tại hoàn thành thì khichuyển sang câu bị động động từ đi sau các động từ chỉ kiến cũng thì hiệntại hoàn thành nên phương án A, B, đều sai.62.D Despite phrase/ even though clause mặc dù....Phương án A, B, Cđều sai nghĩa.63.A The last time V(past) .........was time ago have/ has not PP for+ timeCác phương án khác không phù hợp nghĩa.64.A Theo nghĩa của câu dẫn thì ta dùng dạng đảo ngữ No sooner...........than..........vừa mới .....thì...Trang Page 10 of 11 Code 123