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GIÁO VÀ ĐÀO OỘ ẠKỲ THI TRUNG PH THÔNG QU GIA NĂM 2018Ọ ỐBài thi: NGO NG Môn thi: TI NG ANHẠ ẾĐ THI CHÍNH TH CỀ ỨTh gian làm bài: 60 phút, không th gian phát đờ ề(Đ thi có 05 trang)ềH tên thí sinh: .....................................................................ọMã thi 419ềS báo danh: ..........................................................................ốMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.Question 1: Two students are talking about the school curriculum.- Ted: "Swimming should be made part of the school curriculum."- Kate: "______. It is an essential life skill."A. Oh, that's problemC. You can make it B. can't agree with you moreD. Not at allQuestion 2: Jane is talking to Mike, who has just helped her with her luggage.- Jane: "______"- Mike: "It's my pleasure."A. Thanks lot, indeed. B. It's too heavy. C. It's not my duty. D. Welcome back.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 3: The football final has been postponed until next Sunday due to the heavy snowstorm.A. delayed B. changed C. cancelled D. continuedQuestion 4: The chairman's thought-provoking question ignited lively debate among the participants in the workshop.A. triggered B. defined C. hosted D. aroseMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 5: Judy has just won full scholarship to one of the most prestigious universities in the country; she must be on cloud nine now.A. incredibly optimistic B. obviously delighted C. extremely panicked D. desperately sadQuestion 6: People nationwide have acted without hesitation to provide aids for the victims in the disaster-stricken areas.A. willingness B. reluctance C. uncertainty D. awarenessMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.Question 7: The ______ prices of property in big cities may deter people on low incomes from owning house there.A. inflatable B. forbidding C. competitive D. prohibitiveQuestion 8: After momentary ______ of concentration, Simon managed to regain his focus and completed the test.A. failure B. lapseC. error D. faultQuestion 9: He promised ______ his daughter new bicycle as birthday present.A. to buying B. buy C. to buy D. buyingQuestion 10: The operation of the newly constructed plants is likely to lead to ______ environmental consequences.A. far-off B. far-gone C. far-reachingD. far-flungQuestion 11: Susan has achieved great ______ in her career thanks to her hard work.A. success B. succeed C. successful D. successfullyQuestion 12: Only after he ______ the job as computer programmer did he realise how much he loved it.A. would leave B. had left C. was leaving D. has leftTrang 1/5 Mã thi 419ềQuestion 13: Drastic measures should be taken to tackle the problems ______ child abuse.A. involving B. to involve C. involved D. are involvingQuestion 14: Michael rarely returns to his hometown, ______? A. hasn't he B. has he C. does he D. doesn't heQuestion 15: Many parents tend to make their children study hard in the belief that good education will enable them to ______ in the future.A. turn up B. get out C. get on D. turn awayQuestion 16: If you didn't have to leave today, ______ you around the city. A. would show B. have shown C. showed D. will showQuestion 17: You must not ______ any step in the process; otherwise, you would not be able to cook the dish properly.A. hide B. skip C. quit D. leave Question 18: I've been waiting for hours. You ______ to tell me you would come late.A. oughtn't to have phoned B. should have phoned C. needn't have phoned D. must have phonedMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.Question 19: A. enter B. allow C. behaveD. relaxQuestion 20: A. disaster B. origin C. agencyD. charityMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlinedpart differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.Question 21:A. concerns B. medalsC. fingersD. attacksQuestion 22:A. meanB. wearC. dream D. treatRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicatethe correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27.When hosting an Olympic Games, country has to take account of several considerations, amongwhich the financial one is by far the most important. The costs of hosting the Olympics can (23)______tens of billions of dollars, and it is commonplace for budgets to double or even triple. In addition to thedirect costs of hosting the Games (the opening and closing ceremonies, athletes' village, security, etc.),cities often must build expensive new venues (24)______ lesser-known sports. Once constructed, sportsvenues often incur additional maintenance costs long after the Games have ended.While costs are the (25)______ concern for host city, there are other factors toconsider. For one, an Olympic host city may receive substantial revenue from ticket sales,tourist spending, corporate sponsorship, and television rights. Cities such as Los Angeles(1984) and Seoul (1988) actually made large profit from the Games they hosted.(26)______, hosting the Olympic Games confers prestige on host city and country, whichcan lead to increased trade and tourism. The Olympics are also an opportunity to invest inprojects (27)______ improve the city's quality of life, such as new transportation systems.(Adapted from "Skillful Reading Writing 4" by Mike Boyle and Lindsay Warwick)Question 23: A. surmount B. overcharge C. exceed D. outnumberQuestion 24: A. on B. for C. in D. atQuestion 25: A. supplementaryB. influential C. instrumental D. primaryQuestion 26: A. In addition B. However C. For example D. OtherwiseQuestion 27: A. who B. which C. what D. whomRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28 to 34.Body language is vital form of communication. In fact, it is believed that thevarious forms of body language contribute about 70 percent to our comprehension. Itis important to note, however, that body language varies in different cultures. Take forexample, eye movement. In the USA child is expected to look directly at parent orteacher who is scolding him/her. In other cultures the opposite is true. Looking directlyat teacher or parent in such situation is considered sign of disrespect.Trang 2/5 Mã thi 419ềAnother form of body language that is used differently, depending on the culture, isdistance. In North America people don't generally stand as close to each other as inSouth America. Two North Americans who don't know each other well will keep adistance of four feet between them, whereas South Americans in the same situationwill stand two to three feet apart. North Americans will stand closer than two feet apartonly if they are having confidential conversation or if there is intimacy between them.Gestures are often used to communicate. We point finger, raise an eyebrow, wave an arm– or move any other part of the body to show what we want to say. However, this does notmean that people all over the world use the same gestures to express the same meanings. Veryoften we find that the same gestures can communicate different meanings, depending on thecountry. An example of gesture that could be misinterpreted is sticking out the tongue. Inmany cultures it is sign of making mistake, but in some places it communicates ridicule.The dangers of misunderstanding one another are great. Obviously, it is not enough to learn the language of anotherculture. You must also learn its non-verbal signals if you want to communicate successfully.(Adapted from "Reading Academic English" by Judy Rapoport, Ronit Broder and Sarah Feingold)Question 28: What is the passage mainly about?A. The significance of non-verbal signals in America B. Non-verbal communication across culturesC. Interpretations of gestures in different culturesD. Misunderstandings in communicationQuestion 29: According to paragraph 1, when scolded by his/her parent or teacher, an American child is expected to ______.A. look directly at the personB. raise his/her eyebrowsC. point finger at the person D. stand close to the personQuestion 30: The word "intimacy" in paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.A. strength B. agreement C. closeness D. enjoymentQuestion 31: The word "misinterpreted" in paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.A. mispronouncedB. misspelled C. misbehavedD. misunderstoodQuestion 32: The word "it" in paragraph refers to ______.A. making mistakeB. sticking out the tongueC. the country D. an exampleQuestion 33: As stated in the passage, in order to communicate successfully with people from another culture, it is advisable for person ______.A. to learn only non-verbal signals of that cultureB. to travel to as many countries as possibleC. to use the body language of the people from that cultureD. to learn both the language and non-verbal signals of that cultureQuestion 34: Which form of body language is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. eye movement B. posture C. gesture D. distanceRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42.The green building movement, started in the 1970s as way to reduce environmental destruction, ischanging the way buildings are constructed. In the early years, green builders were small minority, andtheir goals of reducing the environmental impact of buildings were considered unrealistic. Now,however, the movement is growing, as builders have been able to take advantage of new technology.Green builders try to make use of recycled materials, which means less waste indumps. Also, they reduce environmental impact by reducing the energy requirementsof building. One way is to provide an alternative, non-polluting source of energy.First, with solar panels, it is possible to produce electricity from the rays of the sun.Once installed, they provide energy at no cost and with no pollution.Another solution is to reduce the amount of energy required in building. It is possibleto cut electricity use noticeably by improving natural lighting and installing low-energylight bulbs. To reduce the amount of fuel needed for heating or cooling, builders also addinsulation to the walls so that the building stays warmer in winter and cooler in summer.Trang 3/5 Mã thi 419ềOne example of this advanced design is the Genzyme Center of Cambridge, the mostenvironmentally responsible office building in America. Every aspect of the design andbuilding had to consider two things: the need for safe and pleasant workplace foremployees and the need to lessen the negative environmental impact. 75 percent of thebuilding materials were recycled materials, and the energy use has been reduced by 43percent and water use by 32 percent, compared with other buildings of the same size.In other parts of the world, several large-scale projects have recently beendeveloped according to green building principles. One of these is in Vauban, Germany,in an area that was once the site of army housing. The site has been completely rebuiltwith houses requiring 30 percent less energy than conventional ones. These houses,heated by special non-polluting systems, are also equipped with solar panels.A larger project is under way in China. The first phase of this project will include housesfor 400 families built with solar power, non-polluting bricks, and recycled wall insulation. In asecond phase, entire neighborhoods in six cities will be built. If all goes well, the Chinesegovernment plans to copy these ideas in new neighborhoods across China.Green building ideas, on small or large scale, are spreading. Individuals, companies, andgovernments are beginning to see their benefits. Not only are they environmentally friendly,green buildings improve living and working conditions and also save money in the long run.(Adapted from "Advanced Reading Power" by Beatrice S. Mikulecky and Linda Jeffries)Question 35: Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?A. New technologies applied to constructing office buildingsB. Economic benefits of environmentally responsible buildingsC. Successful green building projects all over the worldD. An environmentally friendly approach to constructing buildingsQuestion 36: According to paragraph 1, the environmental goals set by green builders were initially considered unrealistic presumably because ______.A. the problems of environment destruction were not prevalent at the timeB. there was an abundance of natural materials for the construction of conventional buildingsC. the potential applications of technology to constructing green buildings were not recognised then D. there was lack of green builders at the beginning of the 20th centuryQuestion 37: The word " they " in paragraph refers to ______.A. rays of the sun B. green builders C. solar panels D. recycled materialsQuestion 38: The word " insulation " in paragraph mostly means ______.A. systems that protect buildings from the sun's raysB. panels that convert solar energy into electricityC. materials that prevent heat loss and absorptionD. devices that monitor changes in temperatureQuestion 39: What is one common characteristic shared by the Genzyme Center of Cambridge and the project in Vauban, Germany?A. Both took advantage of new insulation technology, which cuts down on construction costs.B. Both were built out of entirely recycled materials instead of conventional ones.C. Both are housing complexes with special, non-polluting heating systems.D. Both were built based on green building principles, which reduces energy use considerably.Question 40: The phrase " under way " in paragraph mostly means ______. A. being inspected B. being certified C. being notified D. being launchedQuestion 41: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph as merit of green buildings?A. Being friendly to the environment B. Proving more economical eventually C. Increasing work productivity D. Improving living conditionsQuestion 42: According to the passage, which of the following statements about green buildings is TRUE? A. They are more economical and produce no pollution.B. They are environmentally responsible constructions with gardens.C. They are gaining in popularity in different parts of the world.D. They have only been built in technologically developed countries.Trang 4/5 Mã thi 419ềMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.Question 43: His friends supported and encouraged him. He did really well in the competition.A. Such were his friends' support and encouragement that he couldn't do really well in the competition.B. If his friends had given him support and encouragement, he could have done really well in the competition.C. Had it not been for his friends' support and encouragement, he couldn't have doneso well in the competition.D. No matter how much his friends supported and encouraged him, he couldn't do well in the competition.Question 44: Joe has finished his first-aid course. He proves extremely helpful as rescue worker.A. Without finishing his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as rescue worker.B. However helpful Joe proves as rescue worker, he hasn't finished his first-aid course.C. Although Joe proves extremely helpful as rescue worker, he hasn't finished his first-aid course.D. Having finished his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as rescue worker.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.Question 45: It is the night of th November that people in Britain light bonfires and haveA Bfireworks as national tradition.C DQuestion 46: Most workers seems to be happy with their new working conditions .A DQuestion 47: They have carried out exhausting research into the effects of smartphones onA Bschoolchildren's behaviour and their academic performance .C DMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.Question 48: She wasn't early enough to catch the bus.A. She didn't arrive late for the bus. B. She arrived too early for the bus.C. She was too late to catch the bus. D. She wasn't late for the bus.Question 49: "Don't forget to submit your assignments by Thursday," said the teacher to the students.A. The teacher encouraged the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.B. The teacher allowed the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.C. The teacher reminded the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.D. The teacher ordered the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.Question 50: They expect that recent changes will bring about an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.A. It is expected that recent changes are caused by an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.B. The quality of the country's education is expected to be the consequence of recent changes.C. It was expected that recent changes would result in an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.D. Recent changes are expected to lead to an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.------------------------ ------------------------ẾTrang 5/5 Mã thi 419ề