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GIÁO VÀ ĐÀO OỘ KỲ THI TRUNG PH THÔNG QU GIA NĂM 2018Ọ ỐĐ THI CHÍNH TH CỀ ỨBài thi: NGO NG Môn thi: TI NG ANHẠ ẾTh gian làm bài: 60 phút, không th gian phát đờ ề(Đ thi có 05 trang)ềH tên thí sinh: .....................................................................ọS báo danh: ..........................................................................ốMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.Question 1: A. borrow B. involve C. discuss D. explainQuestion 2: A. argument B. apartment C. benefit D. vacancyMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.Question 3:A. great B. cheap C. clean D. meanQuestion 4:A. improvesB. destroys C. suggestsD. remindsMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 5: The research findings were reliable since modern technology was used to increase the precision of the sampling procedure.A. insecurity B. exactness C. inaccuracy D. flexibilityQuestion 6: Despite the traffic hold-ups, we were able to arrive at the airport in the nick of time just before the check-in counter closed.A. at the very last moment B. with all our luggageC. in terrible condition D. with much time to spareMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 7: There is an increase in the prevalence of electronic books as more people are turning to digitalised reading materials.A. scarcity B. intensity C. deficiency D. popularityQuestion 8: Heavily contaminated with wastes from nearby factories, the water in this river is not suitable for daily use.A. deadly B. pure C. cleaned D. pollutedMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.Question 9: Despacito, ______ over four billion times on YouTube, is one of the most favourite songs among teenagers worldwide.A. which viewed B. is viewed C. viewed D. viewingQuestion 10: Adrian got surprisingly high grades in the final exam. He ______ his lessons very carefully.A. must have revised B. can't have revised C. would have revised D. needn't have revisedQuestion 11: The school drama club is ______ play for the school's anniversary, which is due to take place next month.A. bringing down B. turning up C. making offD. putting onQuestion 12: Sue rarely misses chance to do voluntary work, ______?A. doesn't she B. isn't she C. is sheD. does sheQuestion 13: If he didn't have to work today, he ______ his children to the zoo.A. has taken B. will take C. takesD. would takeQuestion 14: Maria decided ______ her education after gap year.A. to continue B. continuing C. to continuing D. continueQuestion 15: Only after the bus ______ for few miles did Jane realise she was on the wrong route.A. was running B. had run C. has run D. runs Mã thi 408ềTrang 1/5 Mã thi 408ềQuestion 16: We know that we are at fault for our third consecutive defeat, so there is no need to ______ salt into the wound.A. put B. rub C. spread D. applyQuestion 17: Many people head for the countryside where the flat ______ of fields helps them escape from the hectic city life.A. expanse B. extent C. expansion D. extensionQuestion 18: The students' plan for musical show to raise money for charity received ______ support from the school administrators.A. warm-hearted B. big-hearted C. light-hearted D. whole-heartedQuestion 19: It is believed that travelling is good way to expand our ______ of the world.A. knowledgeable B. know C. knowledge D. knowledgeablyQuestion 20: Parents often advise their children to study hard in the hope that they will ______ success in the future.A. achieve B. master C. collect D. gatherMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.Question 21: John and Mike are talking about Mike's new car.- John: "______"- Mike: "Thanks. I'm glad to hear that."A. My car is very expensive. C. What nice car! B. Where did you buy your car?D. Your car is new, isn't it?Question 22: Nancy and James are talking about their school days.- Nancy: "I think school days are the best time of our lives."- James: "______. We had sweet memories together then."A. I'm afraid so B. doubt it C. Absolutely D. That's nonsenseMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.Question 23: Lucy paid visit to the local orphanage. She then decided to donate part of her savings to the children there.A. Lucy had hardly decided to donate part of her savings to the children when shepaid visit to the local orphanage.B. Before she paid visit to the local orphanage, Lucy had decided to donate part ofher savings to the children there.C. Having paid visit to the local orphanage, Lucy decided to donate part of hersavings to the children there. D. It was only when Lucy had decided to donate part ofher savings to the children that she paid visit to the local orphanage.Question 24: Laura practised playing the instrument lot. She could hardly improve her performance.A. Had Laura practised playing the instrument lot, she could have performed much better.B. However much Laura practised playing the instrument, she could hardly perform any better.C. As soon as Laura practised playing the instrument lot, she could perform much better.D. Hardly had Laura practised playing the instrument lot when she could improve her performance.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.Question 25: They report that soil pollution has seriously threatened the livelihood of many local farmers.A. Soil pollution is reported to have posed serious threat to the livelihood of many local farmers.B. It has been reported that soil pollution has actually put many local farmers' lives at risk.C. The livelihood of many local farmers was reported to be seriously endangered by soil pollution.D. It is reported that the livelihood of many local farmers has led to serious soil pollution.Question 26: My friend has stopped eating fast food.A. My friend doesn't like eating fast food.C. My friend no longer eats fast food. B. My friend sometimes eats fast food.D. My friend has never eaten fast food.Trang 2/5 Mã thi 408ềQuestion 27: "You should take better care of your health," said Tom's mother.A. Tom's mother promised to take better care of his health.B. Tom's mother ordered him to take better care of his health.C. Tom's mother required him to take better care of his health.D. Tom's mother advised him to take better care of his health.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.Question 28: It was the year 2003 that Vietnam hosted the Southeast Asian Games (SEA Games)A Bfor the first time .C DQuestion 29: The keynote speaker started with some complementary remarks about the organisersA of the conference, and then proceeded with her speech.DQuestion 30: My classmates is going on trip to Cuc Phuong National Park this weekend .A DRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicatethe correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.The knock-on effect of volunteering on the lives of individuals can be profound. Voluntarywork helps foster independence and imparts the ability to deal with different situations, oftensimultaneously, thus teaching people how to (31)______ their way through different systems. Ittherefore brings people into touch with the real world; and, hence, equips them for the future.Initially, young adults in their late teens might not seem to have the expertise orknowledge to impart to others that say teacher or an agriculturalist or nurse wouldhave, (32)______ they do have many skills that can help others. And in the absence ofany particular talent, their energy and enthusiasm can be harnessed for the benefit(33)______ their fellow human beings, and ultimately themselves. From all this, thegain to any community no matter how many volunteers are involved is (34)______.Employers will generally look favorably on people (35)______ have shown anability to work as part of team. It demonstrates willingness to learn and anindependent spirit, which would be desirable qualities in any employee.(Adapted from "IELTS Testbuilder 2" by Sam McCarter)Question 31: A. put B. give C. take D. workQuestion 32: A. so B. or C. for D. butQuestion 33: A. under B. out C. of D. onQuestion 34: A. unattainableB. immeasurableC. impassable D. undetectableQuestion 35: A. which B. who C. whose D. whatRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.There are many African tribes but, for many people, the Masai are the most well-known. They are famous for their bright red clothing and their ceremonies with lots ofmusic and dancing. Probably, one of the most colorful ceremonies is the festival of"Eunoto," when the teenage boys of the Masai become men.Eunoto lasts for many days and Masai people travel across the region to get to special placenear the border between Kenya and Tanzania. The teenage boys who travel with them are called" warriors ." This is traditional name from the past when young men fought with other tribes.At the beginning of the ceremony, the teenagers paint their bodies while their mothers start tobuild place called the "Osingira," sacred room in the middle of the celebrations. Later, thesenior elders from different tribes will sit inside this place and, at different times, the boys go insideto meet them Later in the day, the boys run around the Osingira, going faster and faster each time.The teenagers also have to alter their appearance at Eunoto. Masai boys' hair is very long before theritual but they have to cut it off. In Masai culture, hair is an important symbol. For example, when babygrows into an infant, the mother cuts the child's hair and gives the child name. At MasaiTrang 3/5 Mã thi 408ềwedding, the hair of the bride is also cut off as she becomes woman. And so, atEunoto, the teenage boy's mother cuts his hair off at sunrise.On the final day, the teenagers meet the senior elders one more time. They get this advice:"Now you are men, use your heads and knowledge." Then, people start to travel back to theirhomes and lands. The teenagers are no longer warriors. They are adult men and now they willget married and have children. Later in life, they will be the leaders of their communities.(Adapted from "Life" by John Hughes, Helen Stephenson and Paul Dummett)Question 36: What is the passage mainly about?A. The ceremony that marks the beginning of Masai boys' adulthoodB. The importance of Eunoto in African people's livesC. The journey by Masai teenage boys to the festival of EunotoD. The reasons for the Masai's popularity over other African tribesQuestion 37: The word "warriors" in paragraph mostly means ______.A. fighters B. dancers C. travellers D. musiciansQuestion 38: The word "them" in paragraph refers to ______.A. the boys B. different tribes C. the senior elders D. their mothersQuestion 39: According to paragraph 3, the Osingira is built by ______.A. Masai teenagers B. Masai menC. the Masai senior elders D. the Masai teenage boys' mothersQuestion 40: The word "alter" in paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.A. change B. differ C. distinguish D. maintainQuestion 41: According to the passage, what do the teenage boys do at Eunoto?A. Painting their bodiesB. Receiving new namesC. Changing their clothesD. Fighting with other tribesQuestion 42: According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?A. The Masai teenage boys are given advice from senior elders before attending Eunoto.B. The Masai teenage boys will become adults and get married after attending Eunoto.C. Eunoto lasts for day across the region between Kenya and Tanzania.D. Eunoto is the ceremony for both Masai teenage boys and girls.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50.In this modern world where closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras are everywhere andsmartphones in every pocket, the routine filming of everyday life is becoming pervasive. Anumber of countries are rolling out body cams for police officers; other public-facing agenciessuch as schools, councils and hospitals are also experimenting with cameras for theiremployees. Private citizens are getting in on the act too: cyclists increasingly wear headcamsas deterrent to aggressive drivers. As camera technology gets smaller and cheaper, it isn'thard to envisage future where we're all filming everything all the time, in every direction.Would that be good thing? There are some obvious potential upsides. If people know they areon camera, especially when at work or using public services, they are surely less likely tomisbehave. The available evidence suggests that it discourages behaviours such as vandalism.Another upside is that it would be harder to get away with crimes or to evade blame for accidents.But world on camera could have subtle negative effects. The deluge of data wepour into the hands of Google, Facebook and others has already proved mixedblessing Those companies would no doubt be willing to upload and curate our body-cam data for free, but at what cost to privacy and freedom of choice?Body-cam data could also create legal minefield. Disputes over the veracity and interpretation of policefootage have already surfaced. Eventually, events not caught on camera could be treated as if they didn'thappen. Alternatively, footage could be faked or doctored to dodge blame or incriminate others.Of course, there's always the argument that if you're not doing anything wrong, you havenothing to fear. But most people have done something embarrassing, or even illegal, that theyregret and would prefer they hadn't been caught on film. People already censor their socialmedia feeds or avoid doing anything incriminating in public for fear of damaging theirreputation. Would ubiquitous body cams have further chilling effect on our freedom?Trang 4/5 Mã thi 408ềThe always-on-camera world could even threaten some of the attributes that make us human. Weare natural gossips and backbiters, and while those might not be desirable behaviours, they oil thewheels of our social interactions. Once people assume they are being filmed, they are likely to clam up.The argument in relation to body-cam ownership is bit like that for guns: once you go past acritical threshold, almost everyone will feel they need one as an insurance policy. We are nowhere nearthat point yet but we should think hard about whether we really want to say "lights, body cam, action."(Adapted from https://www.newscientist.com)Question 43: What does the passage mainly discuss?A. Data overload experienced by social network usersB. Legal disputes fuelled by body-cam dataC. The ubiquity of cameras and ensuing problemsD. The current public obsession with modern technologyQuestion 44:The word "envisage" in paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.A. embraceB. fantasise C. rejectD. visualiseQuestion 45: As mentioned in paragraph 2, misbehaviour can be discouraged if potential offenders ______.A. know that they may be subjected to criticism B. realise that they may be publicly punishedC. are aware of being filmed at the time D. are employed in the public sectorQuestion 46: The phrase " mixed blessing " in paragraph probably means ______. A. something that is neither good nor badB. something that has both advantages and disadvantagesC. something that produces unexpected resultsD. something either negative or positive in natureQuestion 47: What does the author imply in paragraph 3?A. Body-cam ownership could eventually give rise to information overload, which, in turn, raises public concern.B. Companies like Facebook may have their own intentions behind their willingness to take care of their users' body-cam data.C. Google and similar enterprises tend to refrain from harvesting their customers' data for illicit purposes.D. Social networks provide their users with greater freedom of choice while deprivingthem of their privacy and anonymity.Question 48: It is stated in paragraph that unrecorded events ______.A. could provoke legal disputes among media companiesB. should be kept open to interpretationC. could be manipulated to charge innocent people D. may go unnoticed or be ignored completelyQuestion 49: According to paragraph 5, why do social media users already act more carefully online? A. Because they disapprove of uncensored social media feeds.B. Because they wish to protect their image.C. Because they want to avoid being recognised in public.D. Because they regret doing something illegal.Question 50: The word "they " in paragraph refers to ______.A. desirable behavioursB. peopleC. social interactionsD. wheels------------------------H ------------------------ẾTrang 5/5 Mã thi 408ề