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Đề cương ôn thi HSG môn tiếng anh lớp 12 (1)

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GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚCỞTR NG THPT LI NƯƠ KỲ THI CH HSG 12 THPT NĂM 2017 2018 ỌĐ THI MÔN:Ề TI NG ANHẾ(Th gian lam bai 150 phut, không th gian giao )ơ êPart I: Choose the best answer among A, B, or D.1. Our holiday was_________ by the weather.A. spoilt B. damaged C. overcome D. wasted2. The_________ charged by the architect for the plans of the new building were unusually high.A. hire B. price C. fees D. sum3. He_________ his son of the dangers of driving too fast in his new carA. warned B. remembered C. threatened D. concerned4. The child was_________ by lorry on the safety crossing in the main street.A. knocked out B. run across C. run out D. knocked down5. When Ali arrived in London he spent all his time_________ and visited all the important museums and buildings. A. sight-seeing B. traveling C. looking D. touring6. If you want cheap air ticket you must_________ well in advance.A. book B. engage C. reserve D. buy7. His sister was full of_________ for the way in which he had so quickly learned to drive car.A. pride B. admiration C. surprise D. jealousy8. He asked if we would_________ to share the room. A. accept B. consider C. agree D. approve9. wondered whether you would like to_________ to the theater tomorrow.A. visit B. go away C. go out D. walk out10. _________ would like to say how pleased am to be here.A. Primarily B. Foremost C. Earliest D. First11. The independent arbitrator managed to_________ the confrontation between the union and the employers. A. refuse B. confuse C. refute D. defuse12. When heard the footsteps behind me was_________ that would be attacked. A. horrified B. terror-struck C. terrorized D. terrified13. His illness made him_________ of concentration. A. incompetent B. unable C. incapable D. powerless14. Has the committee_________ decision yet? A. done B. made C. arrived D. voted15. am bit hungry. think_____________ something to eat. A. I’ll have B. I’ll be having C. I’m going to have D. I’m having16. What do you plan to do when you_____________ your course at college? A. finish B. will finish C. have finished D. is going to finish17. Where_____________? Which hairdresser did you go to? A. did you cut your hair B. have you cut your hair C. did you have cut your hair D. did you have your hair cut18. ‘Shall stay here?’ ‘I’d rather_____________ with us’. A. you come B. you to come C. you would come D. you came19. I_____________ saying what think. A. believe B. believe in C. believe for D. believe when20. Somebody ran in front of the car as was driving. Fortunately I_____________ just in time. A. could stop B. could have stoppedC. managed to stop D. must be able to stopPart II: The passage below contains 10 mistakes. Underline the mistakes and write theircorrect forms in the space provided in the column on the right. (0) has been done as anexample. Traditional mental tests have been divided into two types.Achievement tests are designed to measure acquiring skills and 0. traditional traditionally1. _____________________By Binh THPT Li n, Th ch, Vinh Phuc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 1Đ LUY 04Ề Êknowledge, particularly those that have been explicitness taught.The proficiency exams required by few states for high schoolgraduation are achievement tests. Aptitude tests are designed andmeasure person’s ability to acquire new skills but knowledge.For example, vocation aptitude tests can help you decide whetheryou would do better like mechanic or musician. However, allmental tests are in some sense achievement tests because theyassumption some sort of past learning or experience withcertainly objects, words, or situations. The difference betweenachievement and aptitude tests is the degree and intention use. 2. _____________________3. _____________________4. _____________________5. _____________________6. _____________________7. _____________________8. _____________________9. _____________________10. _____________________Part III: Give the correct form of the words in brackets to fill in the blanks.Dark black clouds in dull sky meant one thing and one thing only: there was going to be a(1.thunder)….. Not one of us had brought an umbrella, or even (2.rain)……. So when Jacksuggested we should go to museum, we all agreed immediately. As we had been (3. shop)………allmorning we were now feeling very tired, it would be (4. pleasant)………...to sit down. We took abus and arrived just as large shops of rain were beginning to fall.The museum was quite (5.desert)……and very peaceful. We sat down in the main hall and listenedto the rain (6. beat)…….against the windows.Suddenly, there was great (7. disturb)……..at the (8. enter)……… large party of schoolboys were(9. lead) ………in by teacher. The poor man was trying to keep them quiet and threatening topunish them, but they did not pay the (10.slight)……. attention.Section B: Reading Part I: Read the following passage and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks. Fill eachnumbered blank with one suitable word from the list given below.The shark is meat- eating fish and one of the most feared animals of the sea. Scientists (1)………… about 250 species of fish as sharks. These fish live in oceans (2)………..the world, but theyare most common in warm seas.Sharks (3)………….greatly in size and habits. Whale sharks, the largest kind of shark, may grow60 feet long. whale shark weighs up to 15 tons, more than twice (4)…………….much as an Africanelephant. The smallest shark may (5)…………..only inches long and weigh less than ounce. Somekinds of sharks live in the depths of the ocean, but (6)……………are found near the surface. Somespecies live in coastal waters, but others (7)……………far out at sea. few species can even live in(8)…………..water.All sharks are carnivores (meat- eaters). Most of them eat (9)…………fish, including othersharks. shark’s only natural enemy is large shark. Sharks eat their prey whole, or they tear offlarge chunks of flesh. They also (10)………………..on dead or dying animals.1. A. classify B. divide C. organize D. arrange2. A. all B. through C. throughout D. over3. A. grow B. rise C. evolve D. vary4. A. as B. so C. very D. exactly5. A. stretch B. measure C. develop D. expand6. A. some others B. others C. different kinds D. some sharks7. A. dwell B. exist C. emigrate D. migrate8. A. fresh B. sweet C. light D. clear9. A. uncooked B. live C. lively D. alive10. A. eat B. swallow C. exist D. feedPart II: Fill in each blank with suitable word to fill in the blanks.Vitamins are substances required for the proper functioning of the body. In this century,thirteen vitamins have been (1)…………By Binh THPT Li n, Th ch, Vinh Phuc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 2A lack of any vitamins in person’s body can cause illness. In some cases, an excess of vitaminscan also (2)…………to illness. For example, sailors in the past were prone to (3)…………from scurvythat is disease resulting from the lack of vitamin C. It causes bleeding of the gum, loss of teethand skin rashes. Sailors suffer from scurvy because they did not eat fruits and vegetables. Fruitsand vegetables (4)…………vitamin which is necessary for good (5)…………Vitamin complex is composed of eight different vitamins. lack of any of these vitaminswill lead to different (6)…………For instance, person who has too little vitamin B1 will suffer fromberi-beri, disease that causes heart problems and mental (7)…………A lack of vitamin B2 resultsin eye and skin problems while deficiency of vitamin B6 causes problems of the nervous system.Too little vitamin B12 will cause anemia. The (8)…………that vitamin deficiencies caused certaindiseases led doctors to cure people suffering from these illnesses by giving them doses of the (9)……...vitamins.Today, vitamins are (10)…………in the form of pills and can easily be bought at anypharmacy.Part III: Read the following passage and answer the questions by choosing the best answer among A, B, or D.Over the past 600 years, English has grown from language of few speakers to become thedominant language of international communication. English as we know it today emerged around1350, after having incorporated many elements of French that were introduced following theNorman invasion of 1066. Until the 1600s, English was, for the most part, spoken only in Englandand had not extended even as far as Wales, Scotland, or Ireland. However, during the course of thenext two centuries, English began to spread around the globe as result of exploration, trade(including slave trade), colonization, and missionary work. That small enslaves of Englishspeakers became established and grew in various parts of the world. As these communitiesproliferated, English gradually became the primary language of international business, banking,and diplomacy.Currently, more than 80 percent of the information stored on computer systems worldwide is inEnglish. Two thirds of the world’s science writing is in English, and English is the main language oftechnology, advertising, media, international airports, and air traffic controllers. Today there are700 million English users in the world, and over half of these are nonnative speakers, constitutingthe largest number of nonnative users of any language in the world.1. What is the main topic of the passage?A. The number of nonnative users of English.B. The French influence on the English language.C. The expansion of English as an international language.D. The use of English for science and technology.2. English began to be used beyond England approximately.............................A. in 1066 B. around 1350C. before 1600 D. after 16003. According to the passage, all of the following contributed to the spread of English around the world EXCEPT .....................................A. the slave trade B. the Norman invasionC. missionaries. D. colonization4. Which of the following statements is NOT true?A. Most of the information stored on computer systems is in English.B. Only one thirds of the world’s science writing is in languages other than English.C. English is the only language used in technology, and advertising. D. International airports and air controllers use mostly English.5. According to the passage, approximately how many nonnative users of English are there in the By Binh THPT Li n, Th ch, Vinh Phuc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 3world today?A. quarter million B. Half millionC. 350 million D. 700 million.Part IV: Read the passage then choose the best sentences A-K to fill in each gap. There is oneextra sentence which you do not need to use:BITTER WATER HITS THE BIG TIMEChocolate, which has its origins in South America, is now part of multi-million poundworldwide business.At Easter, British people spend over $230 million on chocolate. massive eight per cent ofall chocolate is bought at this time.(1)____. Although the large scale industrial production of chocolate began in the lastcentury, the cacao plant was first cultivated by the Aztec, Toltec and Mayan civilizations of CentralAmerica over three thousand years ago.The cacao tree is an evergreen, tropical plant which is found in Africa, South and CentralAmerica, the West Indies and South East Asia. The fruit of this tree is melon-sized and contains20-40 seeds. (2)____. In English speaking countries, they are called cocoa beans. This is amisspelling from the 17 th century when they were also called cacoa and cocao beans.The Aztecs used cocoa beans as money. (3)____. This is from the world in the Azteclanguage, Nahuatl, meaning “bitter water”. (4)____. The Spanish found the drink more palatablemixed with cinnamon and sugar, but the recipe did not spread to the rest of Europe for anothercentury. In the late 17 th century, chocolate houses were set up in Europe’s capital cities, wherepeople gathered to drink chocolate.(5)____. But in 1826, CJ van Houten of the Netherlands invented chocolate powder. (6)____.The age of the chocolate bar as we know it began in 1847 when Bristol company, Fryand Sons, combined cocoa butter with pure chocolate liquor and sugar to produce solid blockthat you could eat. (7)____.At the turn of the century, the British chocolate market was dominated by Frenchcompanies. In 1879 the English company Cadbury even named their Birmingham factoryBournville (ville is the French word for town) in the hope that little glamour would rub off. Butthen came Cadbury’s famous Dairy Milk bar which began life as Dairymaid in 1905. (8)____.It seems that, for the time being at least, chocolate intake in Britain has established atabout four bars each week. (9)____. The latest market trick is the so-called “extended line”. This iswhen the humble chocolate bar becomes an ice cream, soft drink or dessert, to temptchocoholics who have grown tired of conventional snacks.At the other end of the production process, cacao farmers are still feeling the effects of acrash in cocoa bean prices at the end of 1980s. (10)____. Perhaps you could spare thought forthem as you munch your next chocolate bars. A. This was made by extracting most of the cocoa butter from the crushed beans.B. Swiss company then introduced milk solids to the process which gave us milk chocolate.C. They also used them to make drink called xocoatl.D. Until the last century, the chocolate drink was made from solid blocks of chocolate which had to be melted down in hot water.E. When dried they become cacao beans, which can be used to make chocolate.F. Clever advertising which associated it with the healthy qualities of milk from the English countryside quickly established the bar as rival to the more decadent French brands.G. British manufacturers include up to per cent vegetable fat in their chocolate, something forbidden elsewhere.H. As most cacao farmers operate on very small scale, many were forced out of business.I. This has forced manufacturers to look for new ways to attract customers.J. In Aztec times the chocolate drink was flavored with spices and used on ceremonial occasions and for welcoming visitors.K. Only at Christmas do people eat more of the cocoa-based foodstuffs.Section C: WritingBy Binh THPT Li n, Th ch, Vinh Phuc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 4Part I: Rewrite the following sentences so that they have similar meaning with the first one.1. “Don’t forget to phone the police”, she saidShe reminded him .................................................. .................................................. .........2. It is believed that the man escaped in stolen car. The man............................................... .................................................. ................... 3. small church lies at the foot of the hill.At the foot .................................................. .................................................. .....................4. If you changed your mind, you’ll be welcome to join our club Were you .................................................. .................................................. ......................5. We don’t have to do so many things to please him.It is .................................................. .................................................. .................................6. I’m sure he didn’t do it by himself.He................................................ .................................................. ........................................7. He can’t afford to go to America this summer.He doesn’t .................................................. .................................................. ......................8. Timmy has become confident as result of his success Timmy’s success has turned............................................ ................................................9. haven't seen my uncle for long time.It's long time .................................................. .................................................. ....................10. She dances beautifully and she sings sweetly, too.Not only .................................................. .................................................. .............................Part II: Finish the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one using the word in capital letters which must not be altered in any way 1. You should think about the price before you decide whether to buy it or not. consideration )→………………………………………………………………………………………….2. People don’t want to buy cars with large engines any more. call )→………………………………………………………………………………………….3. Twenty years ago this region produced twice as much coal as it does now.( halved )→………………………………………………………………………………………….4. The prime minister in unlikely to call an early general election. likelihood )→………………………………………………………………………………………….5. The policeman acted quickly and averted an accident prompt )→………………………………………………………………………………………….Part III: Write composition (300 words) about the following topic: How do movies and television influence people’s behavior? Use reasons and specific examplesto support your answer.By Binh THPT Li n, Th ch, Vinh Phuc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 5S GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚCỞTR NG THPT LI NƯƠ KỲ THI CH HSG 12 THPT NĂM 2017 2018 ỌĐ THI MÔN:Ề TI NG ANHẾ(Th gian lam bai 150 phut, không th gian giao )ơ êH NG CH MƯỚ ÂSection A: Grammar Vocabulary (40đi m)ểPart (1x 20= 20 đi m)ểCâu 10A DCâu 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20D CPart II (1 10 10 đi m)ể1. acquiring acquired 6. vocation vocational2. explicitness explicitly 7. like as3. few few 8. assumption assume4. and to 9. certainly certain5. but to 10. intention intendedPart III (1 10 10 đi m)ể1. thunderstorm 2. raincoat 3. shopping 4. pleasure 5. deserted6. beating 7. disturbance 8. entrance 9. led 10. slightestSection B: Reading (35 đi m)ểPart 1x 10 10 đi m)ể1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. DPart II (1x 10 10 đi m)ể1.discovered 2. lead 3. suffer 4. contain 5. health6. diseases 7. disorders 8. knowledge 9. necessary 10. availablePart III (1x 5= đi m)ể1. 2. 3. 4. `5. Part IV (1x 10= 10 đi m)ể1.K 2.E 3.C 4.J 5.D 6.A 7.B 8.F 9.I 10HSection C: Writing (25 đi m)ểPart (1x 10 10 đi m)ể1. She reminded him to phone the police.2. The man is believed to have escaped in stolen car3. At the foot of the hill lies small church4. Were you to change you mind, you’ll be welcome to join our club.5. It is unnecessary to do so many things to please him.6. He can’t have done it by himself.7. He doesn’t have enough money to go to America this summer.8. Timmy’s success has turned him into confident person.9. It’s long time since last saw my uncle/ saw my uncle for the last time.10. Not only does she dance beautifully but she also sings sweetly.Part II (1x 5= đi m) ể1. You should take the price into consi…..2. there is no(longer any)/ there isn’t much call for cars……..3 .coal production/ the coal produced in this region has been halved in the 20 years.By Binh THPT Li n, Th ch, Vinh Phuc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang 6Đ LUY 04Ề Ê4. there is little likelihood. The likelihood………is small of the PM calling an…/that the PM will calla…….5. The policeman’s prompt action averted/ the prompt action of the policeman averted……..Part III (10 đi m) Giám kh cho đi m, yêu u:ả ầ- Thí sinh ph xác nh nh ng phim và truy hình cách ng ượ ưở ủcon ng i, tích tiêu cườ ự- Nêu 2- nh cho nượ ớ- Văn vi trôi ch y, di gãy (dùng trúc gi nh ng di rõ ý)ế ạ- Sai không quá nh (v ng, ng pháp, dùng …..) thì không tr đi mỗ ểBy Binh THPT Li n, Th ch, Vinh Phuc www.violet.vn/quocbinh72 Trang