# Đề cương ôn thi học kỳ 2 môn tiếng anh lớp 12 (2)

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LUY THI MÔN TI NG ANH 20Ề ỐKỲ THI TRUNG PH THÔNG QU GIAỌ ỐTh gian làm bài: 60 phút không th gian phát )ờ ềMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlinedpart differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.Question 1: A. esture B. sur ery C. en ine D. re ardQuestion 2: A. fl our B. our C. our D. ourMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs fromthe other threein theposition ofprimarystressin each ofthefollowingquestions.Question 3: A. possession B. politics C. refusal D. decisionQuestion 4: A. development B. preservative C. congratulate D. preferentialMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part thatneeds correction in each of the following questions.Question 5: My mother doesn’t care how much does the washing machine cost because sheis going to buy it anyway.A. doesn’t care B. does the washing machine costC. because D. to buyQuestion 6: Nora hardly never misses an opportunity to play in the tennis tournaments.A. hardly never B. an C. to play D. inQuestion 7: Both Mr. and Mrs. Smith are explaining children the rules of the game .A. Both B. Mr. and Mrs. SmithC. are D. children the rules of the gameMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each ofthe following questions.Question 8: ______ this letter around for days without looking at it.A. am carrying B. will be carrying C. carry D. have been carryingQuestion 9: It was not until she had arrived home ______ remembered her appointment withthe doctor.A. that she B. and she C. she D. when she hadQuestion 10: accidentally ______ Mike when was crossing street downtown yesterday.A. kept an eye on B. caught sight of C. lost touch with D. paid attention toQuestion 11: ______ entering the hall, he found everyone waiting for him.A. With B. On C. At D. DuringQuestion 12: would really ______ your help with this assignment.A. respect B. take C. appreciate D. thanQuestion 13: The price of fruit has increased recently, ______ the price of vegetables hasgone down.A. otherwise B. whether C. whereas D. whenQuestion 14: am considering ______ my job. Can you recommend good company?A. to move B. changing C. to change D. movingQuestion 15: Can you keep calm for moment? You ______ noise in class!A. are always made B. always make C. have always made D. are always makingQuestion 16: These measures have been taken with _______ to increasing the company'sprofits.A. goal B. view C. reason D. reasonQuestion 17: nyone _______ scholastic record is above average can apply for thescholarship.A. who has B. whose C. with D. hasQuestion 18: You feel so _______ because there's nothing you can do to make the childbetter.A. unhelpful B. helpless C. thoughtful D. helpfulQuestion 19: The manager had his secretary ______ the report for him.A. to have typed B. typed C. type D. to typeMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response orquestion to complete each of the following exchanges.Question 20: Janet: "Do you feel like going to the cinema this evening?" Susan: "______."A. don't agree, I'm afraid. B. You re welcome.‟C. feel very bored. D. That would be great.Question 21: A: “________ detective stories?” B: “In my opinion, they are very good for teenagers.”A. What do you think about B. Are you fond ofC. How about D. What do people feel aboutMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST inmeaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 22: We now can instantly flick lighter or strike match to make flame. But itwas not long ago that there were no such things as matches or lighters.A. device that uses electricity, oil or gas to produce lightB. small device that produces flame for lighting cigarettes, etc.C. the energy from the sun, lamp, etc. that makes it possible to see thingsD. hot bright stream of burning gas that comes from something that is on fireQuestion 23: The downside of this approach is that it is difficult to measure its efficacy.A. negative aspect B. positive aspect C. advantage D. strengthMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE inmeaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.Question 24: Don take it as piece of cake hiking is very tiring task.A. something that is easy to do B. something that is very challenging to doC. something that is rewarding to do D. something that is dangerous to doQuestion 25: Her husband, who had died three years previously, had left her well-off .A. wealthy B. miserable C. better off D. pennilessMark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest inmeaning to each of the following questions.Question 26: We were all surprised when she suddenly came back.A. All of us found it surprising that she suddenly came back.B. The fact that we were surprised made her come back.C. All of us were amazing to see her come back.D. She was surprised, coming back suddenly.Question 27: Because she was irritated by her husband’s lack of punctuality, she left him.A. Irritating with her husband’s lack of punctuality, she left him.B. Being irritating by her husband’s lack of punctuality, she left him.C. She left her husband because of her irritation with his lack of punctuality.D. Irritated by her husband, she punctually left him.Question 28: can’t help feeling worried about Tom.A. find it impossible not to worry about Tom.B. don worry about Tom.‟C. can do nothing to help Tom.D. cannot help Tom stop worrying.Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that bestcombines each pair of sentences in the following questions.Question 29: Put your coat on. You will get cold.A. You will not get cold unless you put your coat on.B. Put your coat on, otherwise you will get cold.C. It is not until you put your coat on that you will get cold.D. You not only put your coat on but also get cold.Question 30: Flora was alone again in her tiny room. She couldn’t help crying little.A. Flora couldn’t help crying little as to be alone again in her tiny room.B. Flora couldn’t help crying little during being alone in her tiny room.C. Alone again in her tiny room, Flora couldn’t help crying little.D. Being alone again in her tiny room, and then Flora couldn’t help crying little.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to35.Everyone wants to reduce pollution. But the pollution problem is (31)______ complicated asit is serious. It is complicated because much pollution is caused by things that benefit people.(32)______, exhaust from automobiles causes large percentage of air pollution. But theautomobile provides transportation for millions of people.Factories discharge much (33)______ the material that pollutes the air and water, butfactories give employment to large number of people.Thus, to end or greatly reduce pollution immediately, people would have to stop using manythings that benefit them. Most of the people do not want to do that, of course. But pollutioncan be (34)______ reduced in several ways.Scientists and engineers can work to find ways to lessen the amount of pollution that suchthings as automobiles and factories cause. Governments can pass and enforce laws that(35)______ businesses and traffic to stop, or to cut down on certain polluting activities.Question 31: A. as B. more C. less D. likeQuestion 32: A. specific B. for example C. such as D. likeQuestion 33: A. about B. for C. of D. withQuestion 34: A. carefully B. unexpectedly C. gradually D. littleQuestion 35: A. forbid B. prevent C. request D. requireRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.Sylvia Earle is one of the world's most famous marine scientists and National GeographicExplorer-inResidence. She loves to go diving in the ocean. She has spent lot of her life bothin and under the waves. Earle has led more than hundred expeditions and she set recordfor solo diving in 1,000-metre deep water. In total, she has spent more than 7,000 hoursunderwater.Earle describes the first time she went to the ocean: ‘I was three years old and got knocked over by wave. The ocean certainly got my attention! It wasn’t frightening, it was thrilling And since then have been fascinated by life in the ocean.’In the past, Earle was the chief scientist of the National Oceanic and AtmosphericAdministration in the USA. Now one of her jobs is with Google Earth’s Ocean. Earle’sspecial focus is on developing global network of areas on the land and in the ocean. Thisnetwork will protect and support the living systems that are important to the planet. Sheexplains why this is important: ‘When first went to the Gulf of Mexico in the 1950s, the sealooked like blue infinity. It seemed to be too large and too wild to be damaged by the actionof people. Then, in few decades, not thousands of years, the blue wilderness of mychildhood disappeared. By the end of the 20th century, about 90 percent of the sharks, tuna,turtles, whales and many other large creatures had disappeared from the Gulf. They had beenthere for millions of years.’Some people don’t understand why the ocean is so important to life on Earth. Earle explainsthat ‘the ocean is the foundation of our life support system. The ocean is alive. The livingthings in the ocean generate oxygen and take up carbon. If we don have the ocean, we don’t‟have planet that works.’The Gulf of Mexico has had many problems, especially after the Deepwater Horizon Oildisaster of 2010, but Earle says, ‘In 2003 found positive signs in clear, deep water far fromthe mouth of the Mississippi River. It was full of life. Large areas of the Gulf are notdamaged. Protecting the most important places will be good for the future of the Gulf and forall of us’Question 36: Sylvia Earle is scientist who _______.A. has done some unconventional things in her professional life.B. has followed the traditional path of women in science.C. has identified many new species of marine plants and animals.D. currently works with the American government.Question 37: Which of the statements about Sylvia Earle is NOT true?A. She’s an experienced expedition leader.B. She holds record for the longest time under water.C. She does one of her favorite activities in her work.D. The work that she is currently doing is based all over the world.Question 38: What started Earle’s interest in the ocean?A. National Geographic explorer B. childhood experienceC. her love of diving D. her fear of the wavesQuestion 39: The word “thrilling” in paragraph is closest in meaning to ________.A. exciting and enjoyable B. tiringC. horrible D. scaryQuestion 40: What percentage of animal life had disappeared from the Gulf of Mexico bythe year 2000?A. 20 percent B. 50 percent C. 90 percent D. 70 percentQuestion 41: How does the article illustrate specific problems in the marine environment?A. by describing the situation in the Gulf of MexicoB. through history of Earle’s work in different organisationsC. by giving details of what Earle plans to doD. by giving examples of the problem in various plaQuestion 42: Which of these statements describes one of the main points of the article?A. The marine environment is key part of all life on Earth.B. The oceans provide us with unlimited resources.C. The sea is one of the most exciting places for science at the moment.D. It is impossible to protect marine areas.Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet toindicate the correct questions from 43 to 50.The city of Detroit, in the USA, was once compared to Paris. It had broad river, smartstreets and historically important architecture. Then, in the 20th century, it became ‘MotorCity’. For time, most of the world’s cars were made here. There was regular work and agood salary in the motor industry. worker at one of the car factories could own home, plusa boat, maybe even holiday cottage. Some say America’s middle class was born in Detroit –new highways certainly made it easy for workers to move from the city centre to the suburbsin the 1950s. But in the early years of the 21st century, Detroit became America’s poorest bigcity.In less than five decades the once lively Motor City lost more than half its population. It became known as city that was failing, full of ruined buildings, extensive poverty and crime. Newspapers and magazines told stories of derelict homes and empty streets. Photographers went to Detroit to record the strange beauty of buildings and city blocks wherenature was taking over again. What went wrong in Detroit?The city is now 69th among US cities for the number of people per square mile. The population fell for several reasons. Partly, it was because people moved to the suburbs in the1950s. Then there were the shocking riots in 1967, which scared more people away from the city. Then there was the dramatic fall in car manufacture as companies like General Motors and Chrysler faced huge difficulties. And finally, in 2008, came the global financial crisis. Many of Detroit’s people are poor half of the city’s families live on less than 25,000 dollars year.In 2013, the city did something unusual: it declared itself bankrupt. It was the largest city bankruptcy in US history, at approximately 18-20 billion dollars. Now that the city is free of debt, it has money to do some of what needs to be done. It has replaced about 40,000 streetlights so that places feel safer. The police arrive in answer to calls in less than 20 minutes now, instead of the hour it used to take. And about hundred empty houses are demolished each week to make space for new buildings. With the nation’s biggest city bankruptcy behind it, Detroit is also attracting investors and young adventurers. The New Economy Initiative gave grants of 10,000 dollars to each of 30 new small businesses. It seems that every week new business opens in Detroit grocery stores, juice bars, coffee shops, even bicycle makers. Finally, the city is working again.Question 43: The city of Detroit _______.A. has experienced many changes.B. is like European city in many ways.C. it’s one of the richest places in the USA.D. is not able to recover from its past problems.Question 44: What was Detroit known as at the start of the 21st century?A. the Paris of America B. Motor CityC. the poorest city in America D. the richest city in the worldQuestion 45: According to the second paragraph, what interested journalists in Detroit?A. the empty places B. the number of poor peopleC. problems of old people D. small buildingsQuestion 46: The word “ruined” in paragraph is closest in meaning to ________.A. be in bad condition B. be in good conditionC. be in dry condition D. be in humid conditionQuestion 47: How many reasons are given for people leaving Detroit?A. three B. four C. five D. sixQuestion 48: Bankruptcy meant that _______.A. $20 billion was given back to Detroit. B. Detroit could start again.C. Everything was free in Detroit. D. Detroit was heavily in debt .Question 49: Which statement is true?A. businesses received money to help them develop.B. About 30 businesses open every week now in Detroit.C. There have been 30 new business ideas in Detroit.D.$30 thousand was given to each of the new small business.Question 50: Detroit _______.A. is having more problems than ever before.B. seems to have better future ahead.C. will have to suffer more before things improve.D. can never be better.Link tr :ả ộhttps://drive.google.com/file/d/11b9gc8VrRMcUV-d7yQwdyM--vWv3cmSb/view?usp=sharingĐáp án1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9- 10- B11- 12- 13- 14- 15- 16- 17- 18- 19- 20- D21- 22- 23- 24- 25- 26- 27- 28- 29- 30- C31- 32- 33- 34- 35- 36- 37- 38- 39- 40- C41- 42- 43- 44- 45- 46- 47- 48- 49- 50- BL GI CHI TI TỜ ẾQuestion 1: Đáp án Dg esture ˈdʒestʃə(r)/ sur ery /ˈsɜːdʒəri/ en ine /ˈendʒɪn/ re ard /rɪˈɡɑːd/ Ph ch chân câu phát âm là /ầ ượ còn phát âm là /ạ ʒ/Question 2: Đáp án Bfl our ˈflaʊə(r)/ ou /pɔː(r)/ our /ˈaʊə(r)/ our /ˈsaʊə(r)/Ph ch chân câu phát âm là /ầ ượ ɔː/ còn phát âm là /aạ ʊə/Question 3: Đáp án Bpossession /p əˈzeʃn/ politics /ˈpɒlətɪks/ refusal /rɪˈfjuːzl/ decision /dɪˈsɪʒn/Câu tr ng âm vào âm ti 1, các câu còn tr ng âm vào âm ti 2.ọ ếQuestion 4: Đáp án Ddevelopment /d ɪˈveləpmənt/ preservative /prɪˈzɜːvətɪv/ congratulate /kənˈɡrætʃuleɪt/preferential /ˌprefəˈrenʃl/Câu tr ng âm vào âm ti 3, các câu còn tr ng âm vào âm ti 2.ọ ếQuestion 5: Đáp án BKi th c: nh danh ng trong câu không ng ượ ữdoes the washing machine cost => the washing machine costsT ch: tôi không quan tâm cái máy gi đó bao nhiêu ti vì dù th thì bà yạ ấcũng mua nó.ẽQuestion 6: Đáp án AKi th c: Trong câu không dùng th ph nh hai n: đã có “hardly” thì không dùngế ượ“never” hardly never => hardly ever ho neverặT ch: Nora hi khi/ không bao gi ch trong các tr banh .ạ ỉQuestion 7: Đáp án DKi th c: explain sth to sb gi thích cái gì đó cho ai hi u] ểchildren the rules of the game => the rules of the game to childrenT ch: ông và bà Smith đang gi thích quy lu trò ch cho nh ng tr hi u.ạ ểQuestion 8: Đáp án DKi th c: thì hi hoàn thành/ hi hoàn thành ti di n, trong câu có “for days”ế ễHTHT: S+ have/ has Ved/ V3 HTHTTD: have/ has been VingT ch: Tôi mang lá th này bên mình nhi ngày mà ch xem qua nó.ạ ưQuestion 9: Đáp án AKi th c: It was not until ...that Ved/ V2 mãi cho khi...thì...]ế ếT ch: Mãi cho khi cô nhà thì cô nh ra có cu bác sĩ.ạ ớQuestion 10: Đáp án BKi th c: ng ừkeep an eye on: theo dõicatch sight of: pắ ặlose touch with: liên ạpay attention to: chú ýT ch: Tôi tình Mike khi đang băng qua ng th tr hôm qua.ạ ườ ấQuestion 11: Đáp án BKi th c: Rút hai nh cùng ch ng khi câu mang nghĩa ch ng ộOn Ving When