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Cách rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ trong tiếng anh

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Gửi bởi: Nguyễn Trang Như vào 03:51 PM ngày 14-05-2016 || Kiểu file: DOCX Lượt xem: 1544 | Lượt Download: 8 | File size: 0 Mb

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Cách rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ trong Tiếng anhI. Cách rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ trong tiếng AnhCó dạng đề rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ:1. V-ing: present participle.Chỉ rút gọn khi MĐQH thể chủ động. Cách rút gọn như sau: Bỏ từ quan hệ. Bỏ động từ "tobe" nếu có. Đưa động từ chính MĐQH về dạng V-ing.Ví dụ:The man who is sitting on the chair is my father.=> The man sitting on the chair is my father.2. V-ed/pp: past participle.Chỉ rút gọn khi MĐQH thể bị động. Cách rút gọn như sau: Bỏ từ quan hệ Bỏ động từ "tobe". Đưa động từ chính MĐQH về dạng V-pp hoặc cột 3.Ví dụ:My Tam who was known as famous singer is over there.=> My Tam, known as famous singer is over there.3. To-inf.Công thức như sau: +....(for Someone) to-inf.Ví dụ:English is an important language which we have tomaster .=> English is an important language for us to master .Lưu ý: Trong mệnh đề quan hệ có động từ là các dạng của " tobe " thì bỏ " to be " và đại từ quan hệ. Trong mệnh đề quan hệ có động từ không phải là cácdạng của " to be " thì đổi động từ chính sang dạng V-ing và bỏ đại từ quan hệ.Ví dụ:Bill Clinton, (who is) the President of the US, is fromArkansas. (sau to be là danh từ)Clothes (which are) wet from the rain can be hung here. (sauto be là tính từ)People (who are) from Iowa are especially nice. (sau to be làgiới từ)The money (which/that was) lying on the table ... or Themoney which/that lay on the table ... The money lying onthe table was mine.The money (that had been) placed on the table was mine.II. Luyện tập rút ngắn mệnh đề quan hệ1. The man who is standing there is clown.2. The envelop which lies on the table has no stamp on it.3. Benzene, which was discovered by Faraday, became thestarting point in the manufacture of many dyes, perfumesand explosives.4. My grandmother, who is old and sick, never goes out ofthe house.5. The student don't know how to do exercise which weregiven by the teacher yesterday.6. The diagrams which were made by young Faraday weresent to Sir Humphry Davy at the end of 1812.7. The gentleman who lives next door to me is well-known orator.8. All the astronauts who are orbiting the earth in spacecapsules are weightless.9. All students don't hand in their papers will fail in theexam.10. saw many houses that were destroyed by the storm.11. The street which leads to the school is very wide.12. The system which is used here is very successful.13. Mr.John, who teaches my son, is my neighbor.14. Trains which leave from this station take an hour to getto London.15. The candidates who are sitting for the exam are all fromVietnam.16. We are driving on the road which was built in 1980.17. Customers who complain about the service should seethe manager.18. The city which was destroyed during the war has nowbeen rebuilt.19. My brother, who met you yesterday, works for big firm.20. The vegetable which are sold in this shop are grownwithout chemicals.ĐÁP ÁN1. The man standing there is clown.2. The envelop lies on the table has no stamp on it.3. Benzene, discovered by Faraday, became the startingpoint in the manufacture of many dyes, perfumes andexplosives.4. My grandmother, being old and sick, never goes out ofthe house.5. The student don't know how to do exercise given by theteacher yesterday.6. The diagrams made by young Faraday were sent to SirHumphry Davy at the end of 1812.7. The gentleman living next door to me is well-knownorator.8. All the astronauts orbiting the earth in space capsulesare weightless.9. All students not handing in their papers will fail in theexam.10. saw many houses destroyed by the storm.11. The street leading to the school is very wide.12. The system used here is very successful.13. Mr.John, teaching my son, is my neighbor.14. Trains leaving from this station take an hour to get toLondon.15. The candidates sitting for the exam are all from Vietnam.16. We are driving on the road built in 1980.17. Customers complaining about the service should see themanager.18. The city destroyed during the war has now been rebuilt.19. My brother, meeting you yesterday, works for big firm.20. The vegetable sold in this shop are grown withoutchemicals.Trên đây chỉ là phần trích dẫn 10 trang đầu của tài liệu và có thế hiển thị lỗi font, bạn muốn xem đầyđủ tài liệu gốc thì ấn vào nút Tải về phía dưới.