Bộ đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia năm 2016 môn Tiếng Anh - Số 3

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SỞ GD&ĐT HẢI DƯƠNG ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC LẦN 1 TRƯỜNG THPT ĐOÀN THƯỢNG NĂM HỌC 2013-2014 Môn: TIẾNG ANH (KHỐI D, A1) Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút; (80 câu trắc nghiệm) Họ, tên thí sinh:..................................................................... Mã đề thi SBD: ……………………………………………………….

 

208 Read the passage and choose the option that best answers the question or completes the sentence: Every drop of water in the ocean, even in the deepest parts, responds to the forces that create the tides.

 

No other force that affects the sea is so strong.

 

Compared with the tides, the waves created by the wind are surface movements felt no more than a hundred fathoms below the surface.

 

The currents also seldom involve more than the upper several hundred fathoms despite their impressive sweep.

 

The tides are a response of the waters of the ocean to the pull of the Moon and the more distant Sun.

 

In theory, there is a gravitational attraction between the water and even the outermost star of the universe.

 

In reality, however, the pull of remote stars is so slight as to be obliterated by the control of the Moon and, to a lesser extent, the Sun.

 

Just as the Moon rises later each day by fifty minutes, on the average, so, in most places, the time of high tide is correspondingly later each day.

 

And as the Moon waxes and wanes in its monthly cycle, so the height of the tide varies.

 

The tidal movements are strongest when the Moon is a sliver in the sky, and when it is full.

 

These are the highest flood tides and the lowest ebb tides of the lunar month and are called the spring tides.

 

At these times, the Sun, Moon, and Earth are nearly in line and the pull of the two heavenly bodies is added together to bring the water high on the beaches, to send its surf upward against the sea cliffs, and to draw a high tide into the harbors.

 

Twice each month, at the quarters of the Moon, when the Sun, Moon, and Earth lie at the apexes of a triangular configuration and the pull of the Sun and Moon are opposed, the moderate tidal movements called neap tides occur.

 

Then the difference between high and low water is less than at any other time during the month.

 

Câu 1: Neap tides occur when ____.

 

A.

 

waves created by the wind combine with the Moon’s gravitational attraction B.

 

the Moon is full C.

 

the Sun counteracts the Moon’s gravitational attraction D.

 

the Moon is farthest from the Sun Câu 2: The word felt is closest in meaning to____.

 

A.

 

dropped B.

 

based C.

 

detected D.

 

explored Câu 3: It can be inferred from the passage that the most important factor in determining how much gravitational effect one object in space has on the tides is_______ A.

 

density B.

 

size C.

 

distance D.

 

temperature Câu 4: What is the cause of the spring tides? A.

 

The triangular arrangement of the Earth, Sun, and Moon B.

 

The Earth’s movement around the Sun C.

 

Seasonal changes in the weather D.

 

The gravitational pull of the Sun and the Moon when nearly in line with the Earth Câu 5: The word correspondingly is closest in meaning to____.

 

A.

 

similarly B.

 

unpredictably C.

 

interestingly D.

 

unusually Câu 6: What is the main point of the first paragraph? A.

 

Deep ocean water is seldom affected by forces that move water B.

 

Despite the strength of the wind, it only moves surface water C.

 

The waves created by ocean currents are very large D.

 

The tides are the most powerful force to affect the movement of ocean water Câu 7: The words In reality are closest in meaning to____.

 

A.

 

actually B.

 

surprisingly C.

 

similarly D.

 

characteristically Câu 8: Where in the passage does the author mention movements of ocean water other than those caused by tides? A.

 

Lines 9 – 11 B.