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UNIT GLOBAL WARMINGI. Use the words phrases from the box to complete the sentences.greenhouse gases heat-related catastrophic vehicle emissionsdiversity ecological balance capture Example: The government must take measures to cut vehicle emissions.1. The effects of climate change on humans and nature are ______2. We need to preserve the ______ of wildlife because each species has an important role to play.3. The increase in the earth's temperature can cause ______ illnesses which can be dangerous to people.4. Carbon dioxide is one of the primary ______ that cause global warming.5. Planting trees can contribute to reducing global warming as trees ______ and absorb C02 in the air.6. Climate change may lead to the extinction of many species and upset the ______Đáp án: 1. Catastrophic 2. Diversity 3. heat-related4. greenhouse gases 5. Capture 6. ecological balanceMình có bài (c tr nghi và lu cho kh 10 11 12 thí đi i. ng ườ ầthì liên mình nhé! Email: huongduongh217@gmail.comệII. Combine the following sentences by completing the second sentences and using perfect gerunds.1. It was said that the company had dumped hundreds of tons of waste into the river. But it denied that.The company ___________________________________________________________________2. These big companies had invested in wind and solar energy. The government praised them for that.The government _________________________________________________________________3. The mining industry in this region has discharged most of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. It is responsible for that.The mining industry in this region is __________________________________________ ________4. The melting of polar ice has made the number of polar bears much smaller. Local people blame it for that.Local people blame ________________________________________________________ _________5. The local businesses haven’t developed clean technologies in recent years. The public criticizes them for that.The public criticizes _______________________________________________________ _________6. The world’s largest IT companies have powered their operations with 100 percent renewable energy. Weadmire them for that.We admire _______________________________________________________________________7. Greenpeace had supplied all public school districts with 100 percent renewable energy. Localcommunities in North Carolina thanked the organization for that.Local communities in North Carolina ________________________________________________8. Salinity of water had caused significant damage to the crops and livestock in Ben Tre. Local people inBen Tre blamed it for that damage.Local people in Ben Tre ____________________________________________________________9. Mary installed wind turbine to provide energy for all lights and air-conditioners in the home. Sheremembers that.Mary remembers _______________________________________________________ ___________10. The burning of fossil fuels and other human activities has increased average global temperatures by 0.8degree centigrade over the past 100 years. Scientists accuse it for that. Scientists accuse __________________________________________________________________11. They have been unprepared for sudden floods last year. They remember that.They remember __________________________________________________________ _________12. The US government had provided insufficient supplies for the flood victims. Local communities in New Orleans criticized the US government for that.Local communities in New Orleans __________________________________________ _________13. Deforestation and overflowing dams have caused worse floods and storms in recent years. Local peoplein Quang Tri Province blame them for that.Local people in Quang Tri Province ________________________ __________________________14. The US government caused various diseases and birth defects in Viet Nam with Agent Orange. But the US government denies that.The US government denies _________________________________________________ __________15. It was said that he had pumped salty water into the fields illegally. And he admitted that. He admitted __________________________________________________________________________Đáp án:1. The company denied having dumped hundreds of tons of waste into the river.2. The government praised these big companies for having invested in wind and solar energy.3. The mining industry in this region is responsible for having discharged most of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.4. Local people blame the melting of polar ice for having made the number of polar bears much smaller.5. The public criticizes the local businesses for not having developed clean technologies in recent years6. We admire the world’s largest IT companies for having powered their operations with 100 percent renewable energy.7. Local communities in North Carolina thanked Greenpeace for having supplied all public school districts with 100 percent renewable energy.8. Local people in Ben Tre blamed salinity of water for having caused significant damage to the crops and livestock.9. Maiy remembers having installed wind turbine to provide energy for all lights and air- conditioners in the home.10. Scientists accuse the burning of fossil fuels and other human activities for having increased average global temperatures by 0.8 degree centigrade over the past 100 years.11. They remember having been unprepared for sudden floods last year.12. Local communities in New Orleans criticized the US government for having provided insufficient supplies for the flood victims.13. Local people in Quang Tri Province blame deforestation and overflowing dams for having caused worse floods and storms in recent years.14. The US government denies having caused various diseases and birth defects in Viet Nam with Agent Orange.15. He admitted having pumped salty water into the fields illegally.III. Rewrite the sentences, using perfect participles.1. After watched the documentary about wildlife, made donation to an environmental society.2. After ate my evening meal, decided to go for walk.3. Because had spent the whole day cleaning up my room, needed to take shower and have rest.4. Since the authorities had managed water resources irresponsibly, they had to deal with water shortages inthe region.5. After we had read the stories about people who reduced their carbon footprint, we started to change oidaily consumption habits.6. Because the farmers had been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, they turned to bio-fertilisers.7. After finished all my homework, watched my favourite film on TV.Đáp án:1. Having watched the documentary about wildlife, made donation to an environmental society.2. Having eaten my evening meal, decided to go for walk.3. Having spent the whole day cleaning up my room, needed to take shower and have rest.4. Having managed water resources irresponsibly, the authorities had to deal with water shortages in theregion.5. Having read the stories about people who reduced their carbon footprint, we started to change our dailyconsumption habits.6. Having been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, the farmers turned to bio-fertilisers.7. Having finished all my homework, watched my favourite film on TV.IV. Combine the sentences, using perfect gerunds.Example: He said that he would take responsibility for the project. But then he denied that.He denied having said that he would take responsibility for the project.1. He risked his own life to rescue the little boy. He was really admired for that.2. She raised $20,000 for wildlife protection. She was praised for that.3. have advised you on how to cut down your energy use. remember that.4. Some scientists have not reported the effects of climate change.5. They are accused of that. They have acted irresponsibly towards the environment. They were criticised forthat.6. The factory has dumped huge amount of rubbish into the river. It was fined for that.7. He didn't keep his promise. He apologised for that.Đáp án:1. He was really admired for having risked his own life to rescue the little boy.2. She was praised for having raised $20,000 for wildlife protection.3. remember having advised you on how to cut down your energy use.4. Some scientists are accused of not having reported the effects of climate change.5. They were criticised for having acted irresponsibly towards the environment.6. The factory was fined for having dumped huge amount of rubbish into the river.7. He apologised for not having kept his promise.V. Write sentences, using the words and phrases given. Change the word forms or add some words, ifnecessary.1. global warming increase earth's average surface temperature due to warming effects greenhousegases /.2. main cause global warming burning of fossi fuels natural gas, oil, and coal /.3. even slight increases levels carbon dioxide atmosphere can cause significant rise temperature /.4. there connection between recent droughts and climate change /.5. farming contribute more than 30 percent total greenhouse gas emissions /.6. overuse chemical fertilisers serious threat environment /.7. warming earth's atmosphere cause ' sea-level rise /.8. many animal species in danger of extinction due to loss habitat and inability adapt climatechange/.9. global warming may lead extreme weather events /, include heat waves floods powerful storms /which affect people's lives /.10. every one us can help protect and sustain our environment changing consumption habits /.Đáp án:1. Global warming is the increase in the earth's average surface temperature due to the warming effects ofgreenhouse gases.2. The main cause of global warming is the burning of fossil fuels, such as natural gas, oil, and coal.3. Even slight increases in the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can cause significant rise intemperature.4. There is connection between the recent droughts and climate change.5. Farming contributes more than 30 percent of the total greenhouse gas emissions.6. The overuse of chemical fertilisers is serious threat to the environment.7. The warming of the earth's atmosphere causes sea-level rise.8. Many animal species are in danger of extinction due to the loss of their habitat and inability to adapt toclimate change.9. Global warming may lead to extreme weather events, including heat waves, floods, and powerful storms,which could affect people's lives.10. Every one of us can help to protect and sustain our environment by changing our consumption habits.VI. group of students is discussing what they should do to help to reduce their community's carbonfootprint. Put the lines in their conversation in the correct order.(a) Lan Well, what do you think we should do to help to reduce our community's carbon footprint?(b) Mai agree. And think we should also try to use less paper.(c) Minh In my opinion, we should start cutting down our energy use. If we use LED light bulbs or turioff electronic devices when they are not in use, we can save large amount of electricity.(d) Lan Uh-huh. These things are very easy to do. What do you think, Mai?(e) Mai This can help to save trees and forests since most paper products are made from wood. Doyou agree with me, Lan?(f) Minh Use less paper? What makes you think so?(g) Lan Well, don't think that will help much. believe that we should start reuse-and-recyclecampaign. Then we can help to reduce waste and pollution, and conserve natural resources1. 2. ........... 3. ........... 4. ........... 5......... 6. ........... 7. ........... Đáp án: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.e 7.gVII. Rewrite the sentences beginning with an appropriate participle (present, past or perfect).1. When she saw the dog coming towards her, she quickly crossed the road.……………………………………………………………………………………………….2. As don't have credit card, found it difficult to book an airline ticket over the phone.……………………………………………………………………………………………….3. Because was walking quickly, soon caught up with her.……………………………………………………………………………………………….4. was eager to catch the bus in good time because had been told off the day before for arriving late.……………………………………………………………………………………………….5. She didn't know where the theater was, so she asked for directions at the hotel reception.……………………………………………………………………………………………….6. As she was nurse, she knew what to do after the accident.……………………………………………………………………………………………….7. He had spent his childhood in Oslo so he knew the city well.……………………………………………………………………………………………….8. We has spent nearly all our money so we couldn't afford to stay at hotel.……………………………………………………………………………………………….9. As we didn't want to offend him, we said nothing about his paintings.……………………………………………………………………………………………….10. Although it had been hunted close to extinction, the rhino is once again common in this area.……………………………………………………………………………………………….Seeing the dog coming towards her, she quickly crossed the road.Not having credit card, found it difficult to book…Walking quickly, soon caught up with her.Having been told off the day before for arriving late, was eager to catch the bus in good time.Not knowing where the theater was, she asked for directions at the hotel reception.Being nurse, she knew what to do after the accident.Having spent his childhood in Oslo, he knew the city well.Having spent nearly all our money, we couldn’t afford to stay at hotel.Not wanting to offend him, we said nothing about his paintings.Having been hunted close to extinction, the rhino is once again common in this area.VIII. Complete the sentences to report what was said, using to-infinitive or an ing form of verb.1. 'It was nice of you to invite me to your birthday party. Thanks very much.'Mike thanked ..............................................................................................2. 3, 'I must have made mistake in the calculations."Mr Forest admitted ......................................................................................3. 'I'll pay for the meal.'Sarah insisted ...............................................................................................4. 'Perhaps we can go to Paris for the weekend.'Neil suggested .............................................................................................5. 'I'm sorry couldn't come to visit you last summer.'Kate apologized ...........................................................................................6. 'I hear you won the championship. Congratulations!'Dane congratulated ......................................................................................7. 'I wish I'd asked for his name and address.'I regretted ......................................................................................................8. 'You're selfish.'Jane accused ..................................................................................................9. 'You mustn't drink too much caffeine.'Marta warned ..................................................................................................IX. Write the following sentences in Reported Speech. “It was really kind of you to help me.” Mary said to you. Mary thanked me........................................................................................ 2) “I’ll drive you to the airport.” John said to Linda.. John insisted................................................................................................ 3) “You have passed the final exams. Congratulations!” Jim said to you Jim congratulated me..................................................................................4) “It was nice of you to invite me to the dinner. Thank you”, Miss White said to Peter. Miss White thanked..................................................................................... 5) “Don’t play with the matches!” said to Jack. warned....................................................................................................... 6) “I’m sorry didn’t phone you earlier”, Margaret said to you. Margaret apologized................................................................................... 7) “I have always wanted to be pilot”, Paul said to you. Paul has always dreamed of....................................................................... 8) “You didn’t do what said”, the mother said to her son. The mother accused..................................................................................... Mary thanked me for helping her. 2) John insisted on driving her to the airport. 3) Jim congratulated me on passing the final exams. 4) Miss White thanked Peter for inviting her to the dinner. 5) warned Jack against playing with matches. 6) Margaret apologized for not phoning me earlier. 7) Paul has always dreamed of being pilot. 8) The mother accused her son of not doing what she had said.X. Read the following text and answer the questions.It is common belief that adults are responsible for ‘big issues’ such as environmental protection andconservation, and youths can do nothing but focus on their studies or have fun. However, the stories of theyoung people in the Young Voices for the Planet show that even at young age, people are able to dosomething for their communities and can really contribute to the care and preservation of the environment.Kids can also do things to make difference, given the chance. And though their skills and talents may vary,they can use their unique gifts to help to preserve the environment and save the world. One of the children inthe stories, Olivia, says:‘ Every one of us has great gift we can use to help the earth. Everyone, at any age, can do something,whether it is picking up rubbish along the side of the road, filling bird feeder, or bringing reusable bags tothe grocery store. For me, used my artwork. Find your cause and use your talents. The quality of our worldis counting on you.’It is remarkable that someone as young as Olivia can understand so well the connection between society, theenvironment, and the problems we are facing today. It has been proved that every small act of kindness weshow can make great impact on the world around us.For some people, environmental protection and conservation means stopping the growth and development oftechnology and society. But this is popular belief that is not true. Protecting the environment isn't aboutstopping progress. It's about changing our consumption habits and taking care of the environment. Just bydoing simple things, every one of us including the youths can do their share in making this world betterplace to live.1. What do most people believe?2. What do the stories of the young people in the Young Voices for the Planet show?3. According to Olivia, what are the things that people can do to help the earth?4. What talent did Olivia use to help the environment?5. What does the writer find extraordinary and unusual about Olivia?Đáp án:1. Most people believe that adults are responsible for 'big issues’ such as environmental protection andconservation.2. Even at young age, people can do something for their communities and can really contribute to the careand preservation of the environment.3. Picking up rubbish along the side of the road, filling bird feeder, or bringing reusable bags to the grocerystore.4. Her artistic talent her talent for artwork.5. Her understanding of the connection between society, the environment, and the problems we are facingtoday.Based on the information in the text, decide whether the following statements are true (T), false (F), ornot given (NG). Tick the boxes.1. According to Olivia, only young people can use their talents to help the earth.2. If you don't have talents, you can't help to preserve the environment and save our world.3. Even small act of kindness can make great impact on the world around us.4. If we want to preserve the environment, we should stop the growth and development of technology andsociety.5. The future of our world depends on young people only.6. People should change their consumption habits to preserve the environment.Đáp án: 1. 2. NG 3. 4. 5. NG 6. TXI. Choose the correct answer.1. ______ for twelve hours, felt marvelous.a. Having slept b. have slept c. Having been slept d. have been slept2. By the time their baby arrives, the Johnson hope ______ painting and decorating the new nursery.a. having finished b. to have finished c. having been finished d. to have been finished3. She's angry about ______ to the farewell party last night.a. not having invited b. not to have invited c. not having been invited d. not to have been invited4. We decided not to travel, ______ the terrible weather forecast.a. having heard b. to have heard c. having been heard d. to have been heard5. I'd love ______ to the party, but it was impossible.a. having gone b. to have gone having been gone d. to have been gone6. don't recall ______ him at the conference.a. having seen b. to have seen c. having been seen d. to have been seen7. ______ in dark colors, the room needed some bright lights.a. Having painted b. To have painted c. Having been painted d. To have been painted8. The stockbroker denied ______ of the secret business deal.a. having informed b. to have informed c. having been informed d. to have been informed9. They now regret ______ their son by providing too many material possessions.a. having spoiled b. to have spoiled c. having been spoiled d. to have been spoiled10. ______ to the party, we could hardly refuse to go. a. Having invited b. To have invited c. Having been invited d. To have been invited11. Tom made bad mistake at work, but his boss didn't fire him. He's lucky ______ second chance.a. having given b. to have given c. having been given d. to have been given12. Are you sure you told me? don't recall ______ about it.a. having told b. to have told c. having been told d. to have been told13. _____________ is stable ecosystem in which large number of species live together A. Greenhouse gas B. Climate change C. Global warming D. Ecological balance14. _____________ is gas or other substance which is sent out into the air A. Climate change B. Greenhouse gas C. Emission D. Infectious disease15. all of the disasters resulted from __________ will continue to spread easily.A. floods B. climate change C. ecological balance D. carbon footprint16. __ trees around the house on the south and west sides, they can save up to about $250 year on heating.A. to plant B.to have planted C. having planted D. being planted17. The main cause of the current global warming trend is the greenhouse __________.A. causes B.solutions C. gas D. damage18. strong greenhouse effect will warm the oceans, melt glaciers and increase __________.A. temperature B.sea water C. sea level D. pollution19. __________ all necessary preparations, we put our plan into action.A. to make B.to have made C. having made D. being madeXI. Match the words (1-5) with the nouns (A-E) to make compound nouns, and then fill in thetext.1. carbon2. fossil3. global4. greenhouse5. industrialized A. warmingB. countriesC. dioxideD. effectE. fuelsThe biggest threat to life on Earth comes from (6) _________________ Rich (7) _________________ in the West have been burning (8)_________________ such as coal, oil and gas forabout 150 years, throwing out large quantities of the (9)_________________ into the atmosphere. Thecarbon dioxide traps the heat from the sun and causes the Earth and the atmosphere to get warmer. This iscalled the (10) _________________. The problem has been made worse by deforestation, the process ofclearing forest in order to create croplands or cattle ranches. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. B6. global warming 7. industrialized countries 8. fossil fuels9. carbon dioxide 10. greenhouse effectXII. Choose the best answer to fill in the gap:GLOBAL WARMINGFew people now question the reality of global warming and its effects on the world’s climate. Many scientists (1)_________ the blame for recent natural disasters on the increase (2)_________ the world’s temperatures and are convinced that, more than (3)_________ before, the Earth is at (4)_________ from the forces of the wind, rain and sun. (5)_________ to them, global warming is making extreme weather events, (6)_________ as hurricanes and droughts, even more (7)_________ and causing sea levels all around the world to (8) _________.Environmental groups are putting (9)_________ on governments to take action to reduce the (10)_________ of carbon dioxide which is given (11)_________ by factories and power plants, thus attacking the problem at its source. They are in (12)_________ of more money being spent on research into solar, wind and wave energy devices, which could then replace existing power (13)_________.Some scientists, (14)_________, believe that even if we stopped releasing carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere tomorrow, we would have to wait (15)_________ hundred years to notice the results. Global warming, it seems, is to stay.Câu 1: A. put B. have C. take D. giveCâu 2: A. in B. by C. to D. atCâu 3: A. yet B. once C. never D. everCâu 4: A. risk B. danger C. threat D. harmCâu 5: A. Concerning B. Depending C. Regarding D. AccordingCâu 6: A. such B. just C. well D. evenCâu 7: A. severe B. strict C. strong D. heavyCâu 8: A. arise B. raise C. rise D. liftCâu 9: A. pressure B. encouragement C. force D. persuasionCâu 10: A. count B. deal C. number D. amountCâu 11: A. over B. off C. away D. upCâu 12: A. request B. belief C. suggestion D. favourCâu 13: A. factories B. stations C. generations D. housesCâu 14: A. however B. but C. despite D. althoughCâu 15: A. over B. several C. various D. numerousMình có bài (c tr nghi và lu cho kh 10 11ủ ố– 12 thí đi i. ng thì liên mình nhé!ể ườ ệEmail: huongduongh217@gmail.comExercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the otherthree in pronunciation in each of the following questions. 1. A. enius B. orilla C. lobal D. ases 2. A. ollution B. oaching C. hysical D. esticide 3. A. rming B. rn C. lk D. sn't 4. A. fl oo B. fl oo C. oo rland D. oo 5. A. increa B. relea C. plea D. grea Exercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. 6. A. campaign B. global C. balance D. carbon 7. A. natural B. endangered C. dangerous D. habitat 8. A. rainforest B. tropical C. discover D. animal 9. A. pollution B. continue C. enormous D. disappear 10. A. devastated B. environment C. diversity D. ecology Part II. VOCABULARY Exercise 3. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 11. We need to cut down on the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. A. intake B. retake C. uptake D. discharge 12. Land erosion is mainly caused by widespread deforestation .A. afforestation B. reforestation C. logging D. lawn mowing 13. In the past, lot of countries denied having contributed to global warming. A. agreed B. refuted C. approved D. avoided 14. Most people admit that they contribute to global warming.A. be partly responsible for B. disapprove C. neglect D. cause 15. We must admit that people are heavily polluting the environment. A. decline B. rebut C. deny D. accept 16. In the polluted environment, infectious diseases can be passed easily from one person to another. A. fatal B. safe C. contagious D. immune 17. Global warming has severe impact on water supplies.A. very good B. very bad C. normal D. long-lasting18. Global warming occurs when the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap the heat from the sun. A. catch B. discharge C. dispose D. release

2020-09-30 03:57:21