bài tập Trắc Nghiệm unit 6 tiếng anh 11 thí điểm

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Unit 6. GLOBAL WARMINGPart I. PHONETICS Exercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. 1. A. enius B. orilla C. lobal D. ases 2. A. ollution B. oaching C. hysical D. esticide 3. A. rming B. rn C. lk D. sn't 4. A. fl oo B. fl oo C. oo rland D. oo 5. A. increa B. relea C. plea D. grea Exercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. 6. A. campaign B. global C. balance D. carbon 7. A. natural B. endangered C. dangerous D. habitat 8. A. rainforest B. tropical C. discover D. animal 9. A. pollution B. continue C. enormous D. disappear 10. A. devastated B. environment C. diversity D. ecology Part II. VOCABULARY Exercise 3. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 11. We need to cut down on the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. A. intake B. retake C. uptake D. discharge 12. Land erosion is mainly caused by widespread deforestation .A. afforestation B. reforestation C. logging D. lawn mowing 13. In the past, lot of countries denied having contributed to global warming. A. agreed B. refuted C. approved D. avoided 14. Most people admit that they contribute to global warming.A. be partly responsible for B. disapprove C. neglect D. cause 15. We must admit that people are heavily polluting the environment. A. decline B. rebut C. deny D. accept 16. In the polluted environment, infectious diseases can be passed easily from one person to another. A. fatal B. safe C. contagious D. immune 17. Global warming has severe impact on water supplies.A. very good B. very bad C. normal D. long-lasting18. Global warming occurs when the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap the heat from the sun. A. catch B. discharge C. dispose D. release 19. Such unhygienic conditions encourage the spread of diseases. A. decline B. stability C. decrease D. increase 20. Deforestation is one of the biggest environmental threats to the ecological balance in the world.A. sureties B. certainties C. dangers D. safety 21. As fossil fuel resources are running out, it is important for the government to find some types of alternative energy.A. irreplaceable B. substitute C. impossible D. practical 22. Local people have cut down the forests to make way for farming .A. allow farming to take place B. lose way in farming C. have way of farming D. give way to farming 23. Because farmers had been informed about the bad effects of chemical fertilisers, they started using them sparingly on their farms.A. carelessly B. moderately C. recklessly D. irresponsibly 24. Global warming is one of the biggest issues facing humans nowadays. A. causes B. factors C. concerns D. agreements 25. The biggest cause of global warming is carbon dioxide emissions from coal burning power plants A. fauna B. flora C. trees D. factories 26. Global warming effects on people and nature are catastrophic .A. destructive B. constructive C. evaluative D. creative 27. Coal burning releases large amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.A. discourages B. reduces C. relaxes D. discharges 28. The demand for cars is increasing rapidly in the modern world.A. need B. offer reply D. discovery 29. Forests absorb and capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. A. take up B. take in C. take over D. take to 30. The process of forests absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere has been disrupted by the current alarming rate of deforestation.A. discussed B. discovered C. disturbed D. distributed 31. Flood and drought are two major causes of famine A. family B. obesity C. hygiene D. hunger 32. Water shortages are likely to delay economic growth and damage ecosystems. A. aid B. advance C. deter D. defer33. It is important to maintain the biological diversity of the rainforests. A. similarity B. identity C. variety D. compatibility 34. We may help if we cut down on energy use by using LED lightbulbs and unplug unused electronic devices.A. reuse B. reduce C. recycle D. reproduce35. Reusing and recycling glass, plastic, paper and other products help to reduce waste and pollution, and conserve natural resources.A. preserve B. reserve C. converse D. reverse 36. The thick layer of global warming gases keeps more heat from the sun, which leads to the increase in the earth temperature.A. catches B. releases C. allows D. loses 37. Global warming results in climate change and extreme weather patterns. A. results from B. causes C. originates D. is due to 38. Our city is going to ban supermarkets from using plastic bags. A. reduce B. encourage C. prohibit D. allow 39. Many species are threatened with extinction due to deforestation and loss of habitat. A. damaged B. spoilt C. treated D. endangered 40. It is important to raise money to help people who have to suffer consequences of global warming. A. collect B. donate C. sponsor D. contribute 41. Everyone should remember to switch off the lights before going out. A. go off B. turn off C. take off D. log off 42. We may help to control global warming by reducing carbon footprints in our homes. A. putting up with B. getting down to C. cutting down on D. going back to Exercise 4. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 43. Cutting down on energy use is the best way to help reduce global warming.A. Shrinking B. Declining C. Decreasing D. Increasing 44. We should grow more trees so that they can absorb more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. A. emit B. take in C. consume cut off 45. Releasing too much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere can lead to global warming .A. result in B. result from C. cause D. activate46. Farmers turned to bio-fertilisers after they had been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers.A. trusted B. disbelieved C. counted on D. depended on 47. The factory owner denied having said that he should take responsibility for the damage that his factory caused to the surrounding environment. A. refuted B. rejected C. opposed D. accepted 48. Some scientists are accused of not having reported the effects of climate change.A. exonerated B. blamed C. charged D. complained 49. They were criticised for having acted irresponsibly towards the environment.A. blamed B. commended C. condemned D. denounced 50. The factory was fined for having dumped huge amount of rubbish into the river. A. penalised B. levied C. compensated D. punishedPart III. GRAMMAR Exercise 5. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. 51. With clear evidence his company couldn't deny having dump large quantity of toxins into the sea .A D52. Humans now have to suffer the effects of global warming due to having treat the environment irresponsibly. D53. Having denied the responsibility for the environmental it caused, the factory was forced to close down. D54. Having been warn about the relationship between climate change and the spread of infectious diseases Ceveryone should get vaccinated D55. These companies were accused on having released large amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere D56. Having deciding on the topic of the presentation he started finding relevant information for it D57. Having known about the harmful affects the company had on our neighbourhood, we decided to boycott its Dproducts.58. Having signed an agreement to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, we were determined to help reduced Dglobal warming. 59. Having identified the most urgent environmental problems, they start working out all possible solutions. D60. Having spent all their saving money they started do some odd jobs to make ends meet D61. Having cutting down many trees in the area now the people here have to suffer really hot summers. D62. Having decided to use public transport instead private transport, we were determined to reduce carbon Dfootprints .63. Having cycled to work every day become more responsibly for the environmental issues D64. Having watched TV programmes about the farmers' careless use of chemical fertilisers on they crops many Ccitizen dwellers decided to grow their own vegetables.D65. Having suffered water shortage in the past we are all very economic on using water. D66. Having change our attitude to nature we started changing our behaviours as well. DExercise 6. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.67. The president of the company officially apologised to the local residents ____ having dumped large amount of raw sewage in the area. A. about B. with C. at D. for68. The factory was accused ____ having caused higher level of pollution to the environment. A. about B. on C. of D. for 69. We all admire him ____ having changed both his attitude and behaviours towards the environmental issues.A. about B. for C. with D. at 70. Human activities are also blamed ____ having contributed to global warming. A. for B. on C. at D. with 71. We congratulated him ____ having invented an energy-saving device. A. for B. at C. about D. on 72. He was criticised ____ not having put the elephant poachers in jail. A. at B. about C. for D. on 73. His company was punished ____ not having dumped the rubbish properly. A. by B. for C. about D. because of 74. The city mayor praised all voluntary students ____ having cleaned the playgrounds for the children. A. for B. because of C. at D. due to 75. He thanked us ____ having contributed to cleaning the surrounding environment. A. on B. to C. with D. for 76. He was suspected ____ having received presents from the local companies and ignored their violations of the environmental law. A. about B. on C. of D. for 77. Even when arrested, he denied ____ cut down that tree. A. has B. having C. have D. have had78. Those farmers admitted ____ having used more chemical fertilisers than needed .A. on B. about C. for D. to 79. He forgot ____ promised to cut down on the carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. A. to promise B. have C. having D. had 80. remembered having ____ off the lights before leaving home. A. switched B. switch C. switching D. switches 81. He regretted not ____ registered for military service last spring. A. have B. having C. having had D. having done 82. The local residents suspected the authorities ____ having kept the pollution level secret from the loca people. A. about B. on C. of D. for 83. He denied having polluted the environment, ____ no one believed him. A. however B. despite C. but D. in spite of 84. Thank you for having ____ the information about global warming.A. shared B. sharing C. share D. shares 85. He regretted ____ killed and eaten several rare species. A. to have B. having C. have D. has86. His company was fined ___ dumped tons of toxic waste near the residential area. A. to have B. because of having C. for having D. of having87. These students were rewarded ____ actively taken part in voluntary activities.A. with B. before C. on having D. for having88. She was praised ____ donated lot of money to the wildlife protection organisation .A. for having B. to have C. because of having D. due to having 89. remember ____ advised you to stop hunting endangered animals. A. to have B. having C. have D. had90. The local authorities were blamed ____ ignored the pollution issues in the area. A. about having B. on having C. for having D. before having Part IV. SPEAKING Exercise 7. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct response to each of the following exchanges. Two friends Nam and Lan are talking about the topic of global warming. 91. Nam: What are the main threats to the environment today? Lan: ____A. Threats are possible dangers to the environment. B. Probably deforestation and global warming. Environmental pollution is big issue for our planetD. We need clean environment to live in. 92. Lan: How can ordinary people help protect the environment? Nam: ____A. What can ordinary people do to help the environment? B. Environment really needs our help. C. We may use environmentally-friendly products.D. Both governments and individuals are to blame on. 93. Nam: Do you do anything to protect the environment? Lan: ____A. refuse to use plastic bags and try to recycle as much as possible. B. use lot of plastic bags and containers to save the environment. C. I'm not interested in the subject of environment.D. don't want to change my lifestyle. 94. Lan: What solution to air pollution can you suggest? Nam: ____A. Air pollution is really serious these days. B. Smoke from factory chimneys pollutes the air.C. Air pollution causes acid rain.D. People should use public means of transport. 95. Nam: What is the biggest environmental problem facing our country? Lan: ____ A. Too much toxic sewage is dumped at sea. B. All countries face environmental problems. C. No one can help protect the environment.D. Our country is facing the biggest environmental problem. 96. Nam: Is global warming problem in our country? Lan: ____A. Global warming is getting more and more serious.B. Governments are closely working together to solve environmental problems. C. Global warming causes sea level to rise.D. Probably. The temperatures are getting hotter year by year in the area. 97. Nam: What causes global warming? Lan: ____A. Changes in weather patterns resulting from global warming. B. Too much carbon dioxide being trapped in the atmosphere. C. Catastrophic consequences of global warming.D. Common global warming consequences. 98. Nam: What are the consequences of global warming? Lan: ____A. Global warming causes many consequences. B. Consequences of global warming is catastrophic. C. Icebergs melt and low-lying areas are flooded.D. More trees are being cut down. 99. Nam: Why is global warming problem? Lan: ____A. People find it difficult to adapt to the changes in the weather patterns. B. Global warming can benefit people in certain areas. C. There's no need to worry about global warming.D. Global warming is very interesting topic for presentation. 100. Nam: What are global warming gases? Lan: ____A. Global warming gases are mainly man-made. B. Global warming gases are everywhere. C. The amount of carbon dioxide is increasing.D. Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane.101.Lan: What can government do to punish factories that violate environmental law? Nam: ____A. So many of them are polluting the environment. B. Yes, think big fine would be relevant. C. They may force those factories to close down. D. There are no factories in this region.102. Lan Who has to suffer global warming effects the most? Nam: ____A. What are global warming effects? B. Maybe poor people in low-lying areas. C. All people suffer from global warming.D. Only few people benefit from global warming. 103. Lan: How can we help to fight deforestation? Nam: ____ A. We may recycle paper and buy recycled paper products. B. We may cut down trees at an alarming rate. C. We should only cut branches of big trees.D. We should set up animal ranches near forests.104. Nam: What will happen if the low-lying areas are flooded? Lan: ____A. Low-lying areas are often flooded. B. Flood happens when water level rises. C. Low-lying areas can never be flooded.D. People in these regions will have to face lot of problems. 105. Lan: What do you do to help the environment? Nam: ____A. It is the responsibility of the government. B. try to recycle more and reduce carbon footprint. C. Everyone can protect the environment.D. Environment helps people live comfortably. Part V. READING Exercise 8. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMEWe are probably all (106) ____ at some point in our lives of not caring for the environment as much as we should. Perhaps we drop litter without thinking, or cause (107) ____ by using our cars when it's not necessary. However, the real environmental (108) ____ are those big businesses which ignore the law. For many years now, (109) ____ have attempted to protect the environment by making businessesresponsible for making sure that the chemical they use don't add to the (110) ____ of the environment. The problem for businesses is that the (111) ____ of the environment costs money, and businesses will always try to (112) ____ their costs if they can. Some of them do this by simply putting chemical into rivers when they have finished with them, leading to the (113) ____ of major problems. Although government (114) ____ may try to catch them doing it, it can be very difficult to get (115) ____ that particular business is responsible for an environmental problem. It really depends (116) ____ not only the government but also businesses and individuals as well. All people need to contribute to (117) ____the environment.106. A. guilty B. proud C. sorry D. tired107. A. damage B. pollution C. accidents D. trouble108. A. agents B. crimes C. criminals D. doers109. A. politicians B. politics C. parties D. residents 110. A. induction B. construction C. instruction D. destruction111. A. production B. protection C. destruction D. deforestation112. A. stabilise B. raise C. lower D. save113. A. creation B. creativity C. creator D. creature114. A. suspicion B. suspect C. inspection D. inspectors115. A. improvement B. proof C. waterproof D. prove116. A. over B. at C. on D. in117. A. protecting B. protect C. protected D. protectionExercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. The costs and benefits of global warming will vary greatly from area to area. For moderate climate change, the balance can be difficult to assess. But the larger the change in climate, the more negative theconsequences will become. Global warming will probably make life harder, not easier, for most people This is mainly because we have already built enormous infrastructure based on the climate we now have. People in some temperate zones may benefit from milder winters more abundant rainfall, and expanding crop production zones. But people in other areas will suffer from increased heat waves, coastal erosion, rising sea le more erratic rainfall, and droughts. The crops, natural vegetation, and domesticated and wild animals (in cluding seafood) that sustain people in given area may be unable to ada pt to local or regional changes in climate. The ranges of diseases and insect pests that are limited by temperature may expand, if other environmental co nditions are also favourable. In its summary report on the impacts of climate change, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changestated, "Taken as whole, the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climatechange are likely to be significant and to increase over time.” 118. What is the main idea of the passage?A. Environment pollution is real. B. Reasons why low-lying areas are flooded. C. Solutions to global warming. D. Reasons why global warming is problem. 119. Which of the following is TRUE as the result of global warming?A. All people suffer from global warming. B. All people benefit from global warming. C. Life is more difficult for the majority of people. D. Life is easier for most people. 120. In paragraph 1, the word this refers to ____.A. harder life as result of global warming B. easier life as result of global warming C. climate change on global scale D. flood in low-lying areas 121. In paragraph 2, the word erratic is closest in meaning to ____.A. predictable B. unpredictable C. changeable D. unchangeable 122. According to the passage, all of the following are the results of global warming EXCEPT ____. A. higher temperature B. coastal erosion C. increasing sea level D. stable rainfall 123. What may happen to diseases and insect pests as result of global warming?A. They will become extinct. B. They will increase in number.C. They will not harm our planet. D. They will be under good control. Exercise 10. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. The Amazon rainforest is home to more than third of all the world's species of plants, birds and animals. Twenty per cent of all the birds in the world live in the rainforest. Scientists have discovered thousands of types of plants and animals that can only be found there. There are thousands probably illions more that we haven't discovered yet. There are at least 2.5 million species of insects there. Imagine what would happen if they all lost their home? It couldn't happen, could it? Unfortunately, it's happening right now. Yet, the rainforest is big. But it's getting smaller. The problem is that people are cutting down the trees, mainly to make room for cows. These provide meat and make money for their owners. This process of cutting down trees is called deforestation'. The good news is that it is slowing down. In 2004, for example, more than 27,000 square kilometres were cut down. That's an area bigger than Wales. In 2006, because of all the campaigns to save rainforest, it dropped to just over 13,000 square kilometres. The bad news is that it's not enough. Scientists predict that by 2030, the rainforest will have become smaller by 40%. It's possible that by the end of the 21st century, the rainforest will have completely disappeared. With deforestation, thousands of the animals, birds, fish and plants that live in the Amazon rainforest lose their home, their natural habitat. Some of them move to other areas, but most of them die. Many species have already become extinct, and many more will if deforestation continues. That will change the balance of life in the rainforest and could cause enormous problems to the region's ecosystem. There's another problem too. Trees and plants are vital source of oxygen. If we cut them down, we lose that oxygen. But it's worse than just that. With deforestation, the trees and plants are burnt. This sends gases into the Earth's atmosphere, which stops some of the Earth's heat escaping. That then leads