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Unit 2. YOUR BODY AND YOUPart I. PHONETICSExercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.1. A. aller B. di est C. oxy en D. su ar2. A. br ea th B. ea C. ea lth D. ea rt3. A. am ng B. bel ng C. dy D. str ng4. A. approa ch B. ch ildren C. ch ocolate D. stoma ch5. A. intest ne B. nd C. sp ne D. rel ableExercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.6. A. ailment B. disease C. pultry D. nervous7. A. digestive B. intestine C. condition D. evidence8. A. internal B. skeletal C. therapy D. willpower9. A. alternative B. bacteria C. respiratory D. scientific10. A. acupuncturist B. circulatory C. ineffectively D. vegetarianPart II. VOCABULARYExercise 3. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.11. The controller of the body is the ____ system. Led by the brain and nerves, it allows us to move, talk and feel emotions.A. circulatory B. digestive C. nervous D. respiratory12. ____ system of the body lets us break down the food we eat and turn it into energy.A. Circulatory B. Digestive C. Nervous D. Respiratory13. Skeletal system of the body is made up of our ____. It supports our body and protects our organs.A. bones B. museles C. nerves D. vessels14. In under minute, your ____ can pump blood to bring oxygen and nutrients to every cell in your body.A. brain B. heart C. lungs D. vessels15. The human ____ system is series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide.A. circulatory B. digestive C. nervous D. respiratory16. healthy ____ between work and play ensures that everyone has chance to enjoy their lives.A. balance B. control C. equality D. share17. He likes to ____ nap for an hour when he arrives home from work.A. do B. get C. make D. take18. I’ve been night owl ____ up late for years, hitting the sheets anytime between 12 and a.m.A. finishing B. getting C. staying D. waking19. It’s not too late to ____ your bad habits (smoking, drinking, overeating, etc.) and immediately start living happier, healthier life.A. get rid B. give on C. kick D. remember20. If people breathe in deeply, their ____ can expand to twice their normal size.A. hearts B. kidneys C. lungs D. stomachs21. Some foods and spices may ____ your breath for days after meal.A. damage B. harm C. reduce D. spoil22. Fish, poultry, beans or nuts ____ half of their dinner plate.A. make of B. make out C. make up D. make up of23. It’s another name for the backbone. It is ____.A. brain B. leg C. pump D. spine24. Ailments are caused by a/an ____ of yin and yang.A. abnormal B. imbalance C. unequal D. unfairness25. Yoga increases endurance, ____ and flexibility.A. blood B. powerful C. strength D. strong26. Food and drinks which strongly ____ the body can cause stress.A. boost B. develop C. encourage D. stimulate27. As per the study, handful of nuts daily can cut people’s ____ of coronary heart disease and cancer by nearly 22 per cent.A. chance B. luck C. opportunity D. risk28. Acupuncture modality relies on sophisticated skills to select appropriate acupoints to ____ needles accurately.A. infuse B. inject C. insert D. installExercise Mark the letter A, B, or to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.29. Acupuncture originated in China and has been used as traditional medicine for thousands of years.A. began B. created C. developed D. introduced30. There is no evidence at this time that acupuncture can treat cancer itself.A. clue B. data C. proof D. sign31. Acupuncture can treat from simple to complicated ailments .A. acupoints B. diseases C. points D. treatments32. Some people believe that acupuncture can be cure of cancer.A. allergy B. practice C. therapy D. treatment33. Acupuncture can ease nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy.A. increase B. prevent C. reduce D. spoil34. Are there any alternatives that might provide better options for gay people?A. choices B. decisions C. judgements D. votes35. The old blood cells are broken down by the spleen and eliminated from the body.A. cut out B. exhaled C. removed D. held36. Humans will enjoy longer life expectancy when they are more conscious of what they eat and do.A. aware of B. capable of C. responsible for D. suitable for37. Together, all of these treatments are supposed to cleanse your body and stimulate your immune system.A. encourage B. generate C. increase D. expand38. The most common side effects with acupuncture are soreness, slight bleeding and discomfort.A. direct B. indirect C. original D. unwanted 39. Consuming nuts can boost your heart health and lifespan.A. Eating B. Ingesting C. Inhaling D. Swallowing40. Doing exercise regularly helps prevent diseases like heart disease, stroke and type diabetes.A. avoid B. cure C. forbid D. reduce41. Tomato juice contains rich amount of fiber which helps in breaking down LDL or bad cholesterol in the body.A. compounds B. comprises C. produces D. Provides42. The human body possesses an enormous, astonishing and persistent capacity to heal itself.A cure B. generate C. Protect D. removeExercise 5. Mark the letter A. B, C, or to indicate the word(s OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.43. The human respiratory system is series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide.A. breathing out B. dismissing C. exhaling D. inhaling44. Turmeric can help in boosting immune system and fight off free radical attacks in the system.A. destroying B. enhancing C. weakening D. stopping45. Although there are unanswered questions, acupuncture appears to work .A. be incorrect B. be ineffective C. be uncertain D. be unhelpful46. Apart from being used as an ingredient in cooking, turmeric also promotes many health benefits.A. contributes B. discourages C. stimulates D. weakens47. Originally, there were 365 acupoints, but now this has increased to more than 2000 nowadays.A. reduced B. stabled C. transferred D. turned into48. Acupuncture is considered to be very safe when enough precautions are taken .A. comfortable B. dangerous C. Sore D. unhealthy49. Compound exercises can increase strength and size far effectively than isolation exercises.A. Light B. Heavy C. Mixed D. Single50. Care is also needed so that inner body parts (lungs, heart liver etc .) are not touched by the needles .A. external B. oreign C. uperficial D. visiblePart III. GRAMMARExercise 6. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.51. Listen! There's so eone at the door. ____ the door for you.A. going to open B. am opening C. open D. will open52. “Look at those dark clouds!“ “Yes it ____ some minutes.”A. will rain B. is going to rain C. are going to rain D. is raining53. It‘s very hot. ____ the window. please? A. Are you opening B. Are you going to open C. Will you open D. Won’t you open54. Although have taken some aspirin the headache ________ away.A. isn‘t going B. isn’t going to C. not go D. won’t go55. On Sunday at o‘clock ____ my friend.A. meet am going to meet C. will be meeting D. will meet56. Wait! ____ you to the station.A. am driving B. drive C. is going to drive D. will drive57. ____ my sister in April as planned.A. have seen B. will see C. am going to see D. see58. Perhaps ____ New York one day.A. am visiting B. am going to visit C. visit D. will visit59. What time ____ tomorrow?A. are you going to leave B. do you leave C. will you leave D. would you leave60. Who ____ the next World p?A. is going to win B. wining C. will win D. win6l. He ____ to the theatre tonight. He has got free ticket.A. goes is going C. went D. will go62. ____ my parents at the weekend. already bought train ticket.A. visit B. am ing to visit C. visited D. will visit63. Don‘t touch that dog. It ____ you.A. bites B. is biting C. is going to bite D. will bite64. It ____ that half of your plate should consist of vegetables and fruit.A. is suggested B. is suggesting C. uggesting D. suggests65. Foods ____ into energy in the digestive system.A. are broke down and converted B. are broken down and convertedC. break down and convert D. broken down and converted66. Stephen William Hawking __ __ on January, 1942 in Oxford, England.A. born B. has born C. is born D. was born67. ____ by your father?A. Did that book write B. Did that book writtenC. Was that book writing D. Was that book written68. Acupuncture is part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and ____ in China for thousands of years.A. has been used B. has using C. has used D. has been using69. Mr. Snow ____ that course since 1985.A. hasn’t taught B. haven’t taught C. have been taught D. taught70. The acupuncturist decides which and how many needles will ____.A. be use B. be used C. Use D. used71. The teacher ____ the student for lying.A. was punished B. is punished C. unished D. has been punished72. As the patient could not walk he ____ home in wheel chair.A. has carried B. was carrying C. was carried D. has been carried73. The injured ____ to the hospital in an ambulance.A. have taken B. was taking C. were taken D. were taking74. It ____ that the painting is fake .A. believed B. is believed C. is believing D. was believing75. Most studies ____ that acupuncture does not reduce nausea and vomiting caused by radiation therapy.A. are shown B. were shown C. have shown D. have been shown76. Acupuncture may not ____ if you have low white blood cell counts or low platelet counts.A. recommend B. recommended C. is recommended D. be recommendedExercise 7. Mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.77. Despite of its general safety acupuncture isn’t for eve ryone .A D78. Look at the dark clouds I’m sure it wi ll rain soon. D79. Acupuncture is one of the oldest medical treatment in the world D80 Many accidents is caused by careless driving D81. he was gave box full chocolate. D82. Measles ar an infectious disease that causes fev er and small red spots.A D83. Alternative therapies often dismiss by orthodox medicine because they are sometimes administered by Cpeople with no fo mal medical training.D84. The practice of acupuncture is rooted in the idea of promoting harmony among human and the world aroundA Cthem .D85. Human infants born with about 270 bones, some ot which fuse together as their body develops D86. More research is needed to find out if acupuncture is helped with other side effects such as pain, anxiety or Dshortness of breath.87. man with advanced prostate cancer is believed to cured after doctors shocked his tumour to death with Dhuge amounts of testosterone.88. Norovirus is common stomach bug. It also called the Winter Vomiting Bug because it is more prevalent in Dwinter.89. You can be ut yours elf risk you don't usually get many physical activities and then all of sudden do Cvigorous-intensity aerobic activity, li ke shovelling snow.D90. Although the research is not yet final, some findings suggest that your risk of endometrial cancer and lung Acancer may be lower if you get regular physical activity is compared to people who are not active .B DPart IV. SPEAKINGExercise 8. Mark the letter A. 8, C. or to indicate the correct response to each of the following exchanges.91. Doctor: “Good morning. What can do for you? Patient: “Good morning. ____”A. am fine. Thank you. B. feel very bored.C. have got bad cough. D. want to know it too.92. "Do you know an apple day can help you keep fit, build healthy bones and prevent disease like cancer?” “Wow! ____”A. would love to. B. It's good idea.C. That's incredible D. You must like apple.93. Doctor: “How long has your headache been going on?”Patient: ____”A. After midnight. B. For week. C. Last month. D. Three times day.94. Doctor: “Can listen to your chest?” Patient: “____”A. All up to you. B. My pleasure. C. No, thanks. D. Of course95. Patient: "Will get better soon?" Doctor: ____ Take these tablets and it should clear up in few days.”A. Don’t worry. B. am sorry. C. No way. D. Not at all96. Patient: "Please tell me how shall take this medicine?” Doctor: ____”A. ake it home with you. B. Take it back to me.C. Take it twice per day. D. Take as much as you can.97. Patient: “Is the surgery major one ?” Doctor: “____”A. Why not B. It’s OK. C. Yes it is. D. am not sure.9 Patient: “____” Doctor: "Yes. But don't worry. You’ll be given painkillers. ”A. Will get better soon B. Will be checked for temperature?C. Will be painful afterwards? D. Will there be any side ffects?99. Patient: “How much shall pay you, doctor ?” Doctor: ____”A. Don't mention it. B. It’s my pleasure. C. £35. D. Take your time.100. “How arc you coming to the dentist tomorrow? “____”A. At o'clock. B. By bus or car. C. Just in time. D. Nearly 20 minutes.101. “Do you think you'll get better?” ____”A. know so. B. think not. C. Well, hope so D. Yes, that’s right.102 “I don't think we should exercise late at night.” ____”A. So do I. B. think so, too. C. Neither do I. D. don’t, neither.103. “Have you had flu shot in the past year?” “No, ____”A. am too seared to have one. B. have one last years.C. will have one next year. D. not in the last few years.104. Doctor: “When did the pain start?’ Claire: ____”A. About weeks ago. B. Every morning C. For month D. From me105. Doctor: “Here is your medical certificate!” Patient: ____”A. Thank you. B. What's pity. Congratulation. D. You’re welcome.Part V. READINGExercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.GOOD HEALTHMost people would agree with the definition of good health as being state (106) ____ you are fiee from sickness. (107) ____ this, there are many different opinions about how person can actually have good health. People used to only think of their health (108) ____ they were sick. But these days more and more eople are taking measures to (109) ____ ure that they don‘t get sick in (l ____ place.One of the best things you can do for your body is exercise. But now (111) ____ is enough? Some people think that doing imple things (112) ____ cleaning the house is helpful. Other people do heavy exercise every day (113) ____ instance, running or swimming. One thing experts do agree on is that (114) ____ kind of exercise is good for you.Along with exercise having healthy diet can help promo te good health. Foods like vegetables and fruit should( 115) ____ several times each day. It is also important to eat foods high in fiber such as beans grains fruit and vegetables. Fiber helps your body to (116) ____ the food you eat. It also helps your body in (117) ____ ways such as decreasing the chance of getting some cancers heart disease and diabetes.l06. A. how B. when C. where Which1 07. A. Although B. Because C. Despite Due tol08. A. even if B. when C. whereas D. while109. A. get B. make C. have take110 A. first B. once C. one D. the first111 A. far B. many C. more D. much112 A. as B. like C. rather D. such113 by B. for C. in D.w ith114 A. all any C. both D. some115 A. at B. eating C. been eaten D. be eaten116 A. consume B. digest C. ump D. spoil117. A. another B. each other C. other D. othersExercise 10. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.D id you know that on average we forget about 80% of the medical information doctor might give us? This fascinating information came to light as result of study carried out by Utrecht University. What is even moreinteresting is that almost half of what we think we remember is wrong. Why do you think this is? Well, it’s not as complicated as you may think. You see, going to the doctor fills most people with anxiety and when we are really nervous and stressed we are more likely to focus on the diagnosis rather than the treatment. Therefore, we know hat is wrong with us but have no idea what to do about it.Here are some good tips to keep in mind when seeing doctor. Always write down any important information. What would be even better is, if your doctor agreed, to record your consultation. This way, you can replay the advice at home, where you are more likely to absorb it. If you believe the situation is serious or you’re really worried, seek the help of family member. Just ask them to accompany you to listen in. This way you can be absolutely sure about what the doctor has told you and avoid falling into the same trap that most people do.118. According to the passage, the information doctors give us ____.A. is about 50% wrong B. is only 80% correctC. is mostly forgotten D. is usually not enough119. The word complicated in the passage is opposite in meaning to ____.A. good B. quick C. short D. simple120. The author says that when people consult doctor, ____ .A. they always believe that their situation is seriousB. they are interested in knowing what they should doC. they only want to know what is wrong with themD. they usually have family member with them121. The word absorb in the passage is closest in meaning to ____.A. digest B. inhale C. swallow D. take in122. The author suggests recording the consultant in order to ____.A. play it to your family members to get their opinionsB. refer to it later to better understand your conditionC. replay it to write down any important informationD. use it as evidence against your doctor if necessaryExercise 11. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.