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Bài kiểm tra HSG Môn tiếng anh 12 học kỳ 1 có đáp án (2)

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LUY NG BÀI NG NGHĨA TRÁI NGHĨAỀ ỒĐ 1ềI. Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word (s) or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.1. The first few days at university can be very daunting, but with determination and positiveattitude, freshmen will soon fit in with the new environmentA. interesting C. serious B. memorable (adj): đáng nhớ D. depressing 2. Deforestation may seriously jeopardize the habitat of many species in the local areaA. do harm toB. set fire toC. give rise toD. make way for3. The restaurant entices more and more customers with its cozy interior and special daily eventsA. attract C. refuseB. free D. convince4. My head teacher have grave doubts as to whether could pass my university entranceexamnation. my self feel worriedA. personal C. private B. serious D. specific 5. US man with large online following in Vietnam has caused widespread anger, and facespossible criminal chagres, over Facebook post to have insulted military hero.A. embarrassed C. confused B. offended D. depressed 6. Jack persisted in attempting to convince his employers to use more technology and fewerpeopleA. endured C. repeated B. remains D. insisted 7. The shop assistant was totally bewildered by the customer’s behaviorA. disgusted C. angry B. puzzled D. upset 8. The works of such men as the English philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes helpedpave the way for academic freedom in the morden sense.A. terminated C. enhanced B. prevented D. incorporated 9. Yes, we went away on holiday last week, but it rained day in and day outA. every single dayB: every other dayC. every two daysD. every second day 10. The gorvenment has passed laws to protect wildlife from commercial trade.A. enforced C. ensure B. enable D. enacted 11. After many years of unsuccessfully endeavoring to form his orchestra, Glenn Miller finallyachived world fame 1939 as big band leaderA. offering B. deciding C. requesting D. trying 12. My uncle, who is an accomplished guitarist, taught me how to playA. skillful C. modest B. perfect D. famous 13. Everyone is hoping and praying that lasting peace will eventually come to the areaA. durable C. temporary B. ongoing D. enduring 14. Before you begin the exam paper, always read the instruction carefullyA. orders C. rules B. answers D. directions 15. told you clearly and definitely not to write your answer in pencil, Tom!A. considerably C. altogether B. thoroughly D. specifically 16. The washing machine have just bought is super simple to useA. boring C. easy B. interesting D. difficult 17. Computer models help to determine whether particular area is like ly to floodA. make upB. take overC. put upD. find out18. Let's wait for her, I’m sure she will turn up before longA. enter C. visit B. arrive D. return 19. You may note down your qualifications and experience that can relate to the jobA. put downB. hold downC. draw downD. jot down 20. Many large corporations will be wiped out and millions of jobs will be lostA. escalated C. threaten B. erased D. eradicated 21. No vehicle weighing over 3.5 ton is allowed on this bridge, according to traffic signs placedat both ends of the structureA. corruption C. connectionB. construction D. confusion 22. The use of lasers in surgery has become relatively commonplace in recent yearsA. comparatively C. absolutely B. probably D. relevantly 23. The way the care-taker treated those little children was deplorable She must be punished forwhat she didA. respectable B. unacceptable C. mischievousD. satisfactory 24. My parents’ warnings didn’t deter me from choosing the job of my dreams.A. influence C. reassure B. discourage D.inspire 25. When the protestor entered the meeting clad only in beach towel, the audience wasdumbfoundedA. speechless C. content B. excited D. applauding II. Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that isOPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.1. In this writing test, candidates will not be penalized for minor mechanical mistakesA. punished B. rewarded C. motivated -> motivate (v): D. discouraged 2. After their long-standing conflict had been resolved, the two families decided to bury the hatchetA. become friendsB. give up weaponsC. become enemiesD. reach an agreement3. My neighbors are really tight with money They hate throwing away food, don’t eat at restaurant, and always try to find the best price.A. to spend money too easilyB. to not like spending money C. to not know the value of moneyD. to save as much money as possible 4. We were all in good mood because the weather was good and we were going on holiday the next dayA. relaxed and comfortableB. at ease and refreshedC. upset and disappointedD. sad and depressed5. The doctor asked John to exhale slowlyA. imhale C. enterB. move in D. breathe in6. The soldier was demoted for improper behaviorA. lowered C. resignedB. promoted D. let off 7. The US troops are using much more sophisticated weapons in the Far EastA. expensive B. complicated C. simple and easyD. difficult to operate8. His replies were inconsistent with his previous testimonyA. contradicted B. compatible C. enhanced D. incorporated 9. School uniform is compulsory in most of Vietnamese schoolsA. depended C. optional B. obligatory D. required 10. Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymityA. cover C. presume B. conserve D. reveal (v): ti lế ộ11. The Red Cross is an international humanitarian agency dedicated to reducing the suffering ofwounded soldiers, civilians and prisoners of warA. happiness C. sadness B. loss D. pain and sorrow 12. They are launching campaign to promote awareness of environmental issuesA. encourage C. hinder B. publicize D. strengthen 13. He is over the moon about his examination result.A. stressed C. very happyB. very sad D. satisfied 14. The only means of access to the station is through dark subwayA. arrival C. outlet B. admission D. output 15. The loss of his journals had caused him even more sorrow than his retirement from the military six years agoA. grief C. comfort B. joy D. sympathy 16. As newspaper reporter, she always wanted to get information at first handA. indirectly C. easily B. directly D. slowly 17. Mr. Smith’s new neighbors appear to be very friendlyA. hostile C. futile B. inapplicable D. amicable 18. My first impression of her was her first impassive faceA. respectful C. solid B. emotional D. fractious19. On the whole the rescue mission was well executedA. In fact C. At onceB. In general D. In particular20. It’s difficult to tell him to give in because he is so big-headedA. wise B. generous C. modest D. arrogant 21. The Ministry of Education and training of Vietnam has declare decree on the new educational program paving the way for foreign educational co-operation and investmentA. initiating C. ending B. creating D. forming 22. If we use robots instead of humans, many people may be out of workA. employed C. inemployed B. jobless D. unemployed 23. think it’s impossible to abolish school examinations. They are necessary to evaluate students’ progressA. stop C. continue B. extinguish D. organize 24. At first, no one believed she was pilot, but her documents lent colours to their statementsA. provided evidence forB. got information fromC. borrowed colour fromD. gave no proof of25. This speedy and secure service of transferring money can be usefulA. slow C. careful B. rapid D. hurried 2ềI. Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word (s) or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.1. She is always diplomatic when she deal with angry studentsA. strict C. tactful B. outspoken D. firm 2. The dog saw his reflection in the pool of waterA. imagination C. leash B. bone D. image 3. Exemplification is always necessary when you are addressing younger audienceA. illustration B. variation C. simplification D. exaggeration 4. When heated to temperatures above 1250 degree Centigrade, clay fuses and becomes potteryor stonewareA. melts togetherB. steams upC. break downD. burn down5. At times, look at him and wonder what is going on in his mindA. Never C. HardlyB. Always D. Sometimes6. Adding garage will enhance the value of the houseA. stabilize C. increase B. alter D. diminish 7. You never really know where you are with her as she just blows hot and coldA. keeps goingB. keeps talking thingsC. keeps changing her mood: D. keeps testing8. In 2012, 9% of the energy consumed in the USA came from the renewable sources. Out ofthis, hydro-power accounted for 16%A. produced B. utilized C. costumed D. recycled 9. Roget’s Thesaurus, collection of English words and phrases, was originally arranged by theideas they express rather than by alphabeltical orderA. restricted C. unlessB. as well as D. instead of10. With the dawn of space exploration, the notion that atmospheric condition on Earth may beunique in the solar system was strengthenA. outcome C. beginning B. continuation D. expansion 11. Talks on climate change resumed in German city of Bonn on July 16 to combat globalwarmingA. focus on B. settle downC. fight againD. sum up12. You must apply yourself to your work moreA. improve B. carry out C. do quicklyD. concentrate on13. The high mountain climate is cold and inhospitableA. uninviting C. dull B. rainy D. stormy 14. The train departed the railway station at o’clockA. arrived C. waited B. stopped D. left 15. My cousin tends to look on the bright side in any circumstanceA. be confidentB. be optimistic: C. be pessimisticD. be smart16. Domestic chores will no longer be burden thanks to the inventions of laborsaving devices.A. official C. schooling B. household D. foreign 17. received housing benefit when was unemployed .A. out of practiceB: out of orderC. our of fashionD. out of work18. It is really difficult matter to decide how to solve now. will need time to think it twiceA. to think it overB. to make it betterC. to make up for it: D. to think out of time19. He insisted on listening to the entire storyA. part C. whole B. funny D. interesting 20. That is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate.A. matter C. attention B. place D. situation 21. My close friend, Lan helps me when I’m in need.A. sends moneyB. gives handC. buys bookD. gives care22. Few businesses are flourishing in the present economic climateA. taking offB. setting upC. growing wellD. closing down23. Hellen Keller, blind and deaf from an early age, developed her sense of smell so finely thatshe could identify friends bi their personal odorsA. classify C. describeB. communicate with D. recognize: 24. The device is so sophisticated and should only be operated by someone who is familiar withitA. delicate C. fragile B. complex D. resilient 25. Since the death of Laura’s father, her mother has become breadwinner to support thefamilyA. person who makes bread every morningB. bakery-ownerC. person who delivers bread to make moneyD. person who goes out to work to earn moneyII. Mark the letter A, B, C, or on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that isOPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.1. Our well-trained staff are always courteous to customersA. helpful C. rude B. friendly D. polite 2. The situation seems to be changing minute by minuteA. from time to timeB. time after timeC. again and againD. very slowly3. Jose had hard time comparing the iPhone to the Samsung phone because to him they were apples and orangesA. containing too many technical detailsB. very similarC. very different: D. very complicated4. The nominating committee always meet behind closed doors lets its deliberation become known prematurelyA. privately C. publicly B. safely D. dangerously 5. She was unhappy that she lost contact with lot of her old friends when she went abroad to studyA. got in touch withB. made room forC. put in charge ofD. lost control of6. Are you looking for temporary or permanent job?A. fierce C. fleeting B. stable D. loose 7. Constant correction of speaking ‘errors’ by teacher is often counter-productive as student may become afraid to speak at allA. desolate C. barren B. fruitless D. effective 8. loss of social values means our society is deterioratingA. improving C. existing B. expanding D. changing 9. Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region.A. restrain C. remain unstable B. stay unchanged D. fluctuate 10. Unless the two signatures are identical the bank won’t honor the checkA. similar C. fake B. different D, genuine 11. The Vietnamese consider it rude to interrupt person while he is talkingA. bad manner C. uneducated B. polite D. ignorant 12. mediocre student who gets low grades will have trouble getting into an Ivy League CollegeA. excellent C. average B. lazy D. moronic 13. The shop assistant has to break off the conversation to serve customerA. interrupt C. continue B. hurry D. begin 14. The guest at the party last night refuse to eat the raw fishA. fresh C. rotten B. cooked D. well-done 15. She decided to remain celibate and devote her life to helping the homeless and orphansA. divorced C. separated B. single D. married 16. Punctuality is imperative in your new jobA. being efficient C. being cheerfulB. being courteous D. being late17. Travel insurance is sometimes mistaken for temporary health insurance, but the two are actually different.A. mutable C. passing B. permanent D. transitory 18. She performed all her duties conscientiously .A. irresponsibly C. responsibly B. liberally D. insensitively19. Their classmates are writing letters of acceptanceA. agree C. refusal B. confirmation D. admission20. The news has been greeted with dismay by local business leadersA. disappointment B. depression C. happiness D. pessimism 21. Differently from English taught to all Vietnamese students, Chinese and Russian have been made optional languages taught at secondary schools in VietnamA. compulsory C. comfortable B. important D. necessary 22. We ought to keep these proposals secret from the chairman for the time beingA. revealed C. accessible B. established D. lively 23. They protest about the inhumane treatment of the prisonersA. vicious C. callous B. warm-hearted D. cold-blooded 24. prefer secure jobs because don’t like keeping on moving and changing all the timeA. safe C. challenging B. demanding D. stable 25. The format allowed me to offer constructive criticism and ensure that their conversation remained on track during the projectA. useful C. meaningful B. positive D. negative